1 OFERTAS Y CUPONES DE DESCUENTO ADENTRO VOLUME 35 ISSUE 34 AUGUST 22-28, 2014 Understanding counseling professionals Pg. 8 Santo Toribio Romo Pg. 18 PHOTO COURTESY: MEXICAN HERITAGE CORPORATION
2 2 CALENDAR EL OBSERVADOR AUGUST 22-28, 2014 READ US ONLINE Library kicks off Groundbreaking and Naming Anchor Branch at Evergreen Village Square / On Saturday, September 6, the San José Public Library and Councilmember Rose Herrera will hold the groundbreaking celebration for the future home of the Southeast Branch Library. The event, which starts at 10:00 a.m. at 4001 Evergreen Village Square (corner of Classico Ave. and Evergreen Village Sq.), will mark the start of construction of the library system s final branch funded from the Branch Library Bond Measure. The bond measure approved by San José voters in 2000 provided $212 million for the construction of six new, and fourteen expanded, branch libraries throughout the community. ReStore and Gordon Biersch Receive San José Sustainability Award / On August 5, the San José Environmental Services Department presented the Heart of San José sustainability award to the local Habitat for Humanity ReStore and Gordon Biersch restaurant. The awards were presented at a statewide conference of recycling and litter experts that was held in Downtown San José. Habitat for Humanity East Bay/Silicon Valley ReStore received the award for making home improvements affordable while diverting waste from landfills. ReStores are donation centers that offer building materials, home goods, and furniture to the general public at deeply discounted prices. ReStore staff estimate that the two stores in San José will keep 1,350 tons of reusable materials out of landfills this year. Gordon Biersch was honored for its sustainability leadership and numerous investments in the community, including fundraisers and job training opportunities for residents with disabilities. Logra un futuro mejor con leche:el astronauta José Hernández recuerda a los padres que las decisiones de hoy duran para siempre / Si bien los padres no siempre toman conciencia de ello, los consejos que dan y las opciones nutricionales que eligen pueden tener un efecto de por vida en sus hijos. Esta influencia de los padres es la motivación detrás de la nueva campaña de la Junta de Procesadores de Leche de California (CMPB) que se lanza el día de hoy. Los nuevos anuncios de la entidad creadora de got milk? y toma leche les recuerdan a los padres que elegir leche sienta las bases para llevar una nutrición adecuada y alcanzar el éxito futuro. José M. Hernández, ex-ingeniero de la NASA, sabe esto por experiencia propia y se ha asociado con got milk? para transmitirles a los californianos el mensaje de los anuncios con un ejemplo de la vida real. Hernández visitará algunas ciudades del estado y explicará a las audiencias que las decisiones tempranas, como elegir la leche, sientan las bases que los niños necesitan para alcanzar las estrellas, especialmente cuando están por regresar a la escuela. P.O. Box 1990 San Jose, CA North First Street, Suite 100 San Jose, CA PUBLISHERS Hilbert Morales & Betty Morales ADVERTISING/PROMOTION DIRECTOR Monica Amador, COO SALES DEPARTMENT Angelica Rossi el-observador.com EDITORIAL Hilbert Morales el-observador.com Cinthia Rodriguez el-observador.com CONTRIBUTORS Mario Jimenez Hector Curriel Arturo Hilario Felix Pagas Veronica T. Avendaño Juan Carlos Miranda ACCOUNTING Kaira Portillo GRAPHIC DESIGNER/ ILLUSTRATOR Roberto Romo Omicuauhtli robertoromo.net About Us El Observador was founded in 1980 to serve the informational needs of the Hispanic community in the San Francisco Bay Area with special focus on San Jose, the capital of Silicon Valley. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced by any form or by any means, this includes photo copying, recording or by any informational storage and retrevial systems, electronic or mechanical without express written consent of the publishers. Opinions expressed in El Observador by persons submitting articles are not necessarily the opinions of the publishers. Willow Glen Summer Wine Walk August 23rd 2:00pm-6:00pm Downtown Willow Glen Lincoln Avenue San Jose, CA Italian Family Festa San Jose August 23rd 11:00am-8:00pm August 24th 11:00am-6:00pm Guadalupe River Park 350 W. Julian St. San Jose, CA Music in the Park Los Gatos August 24th 5:00pm-7:00pm Los Gatos Civic Center 110 E. Main St. Los Gatos, CA Electronic Sriracha Festival August 30 12:00pm-8:00pm St. James Park 2nd and St. James St. San Jose, CA South First Fridays September 5th 6:00pm Downtown San Jose 1st St and San C arlos San Jose, CA th Aunual American Indian Heritage Celebration September 13th Santa Clara County Fairgrounds 344 Tully Road San Jose, CA Concert ft- International Violinist Francesca depasquale August 29th 7:00pm Santa Clara University Recital Hall Corner of Franklin St. and LafayetteSt. Santa Clara, CA Tickets: $35 Mountain View Art & Wine Festival September 6th-7th 10:00am-6:00pm Zumba Classes Tuesdays 5:30pm The Fairmont 170 S. Market St. San Jose, CA Youth Basketball Camp Saturdays 11:00am- 2:00pm San Jose Job Corps Center 3485 East Hills Drive San Jose, CA Ages 8 years and up South Bay Guitar Society September 5th 12:10pm-12:50pm Le Petit Trianon 72 N. 5th St. San Jose, CA Happy Kids Day August 23rd 10:00am- 5:00pm N. Stelling Rd. Cupertino, CA Creatures of the Marsh: Walking Tour & Activity August 31st 1:30pm- 3:00pm EcoCenter 2560 Embarcadero Rd. Palo Alto, CA Bay Area Birth Info Resource Fair Capri School- Elementary 850 Chapman Drive Campbell, CA 95008
3 AUGUST 22-28, 2014 EL OBSERVADOR OPINION 3 Hilbert Morales EL OBSERVADOR Could a Fergeson, Missourilike event happen here? Only in America, could the people display non-violent civic disobedience ten days after another police shooting incident. The killing of another unarmed Black teenager, Michael Brown, in a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri, is worth analysis because of the paramilitary mindset, social class racism and the economic deprivation extant in this nation today. Their most recent mantra is MY HANDS ARE UP; DON T SHOOT. This incident ignited a public outcry elicited by this killing and the paramilitary military responses. Police wearing camoflaged uniforms & riot headgear, attempted crowd control by using blast bombs and tear gas. Armored vehicles and snipers having high powered rifles were deployed. The local police displayed its paramilitary tactics and equipment supplied by Department of Homeland Security coordinaed with the Department of Defense. This may indicate the level of influence which the military-industrial complex has in our nation. The Pentagon has its allies in the U.S. Congress who insist on development of weapon systems which are not needed yet, while neglecting the needs of the people. When will we learn that in today s global universe, America needs to assert the superiority of its concepts of governance which take care of people with consideration, dignity, respect, religious and cultural sensitivity. Armed might and wars do not solve the problems of this nation and the world. Rather, armed might suppresses the dialogues necessary to finding the resolution to the challenges being faced. The military tactics used were totally inappropriate annytime and anyplace in any American community. Later it was determined that the local police contained only 3 African American officers. This in a community which is 80% Black-20% White. Those police had to be scared out of their minds when that community reacted with a peaceful demonstration. Some bottles thrown by fringe dissidents allegedly turned that non-violent dissent expression into one of violence. Since many of those white police were not residents of Fergeson, they were not well informed about high levels of anger and resentment resulting from repression and unemployment. The community, composed of both Black and Whites, was displaying their right to peaceably assemble and their Freedom of Speech. Both are American ideals. Authorities need to read the U.S. Constitution s First Amendment to remind themselves that this is a government of the people, by the people, and for the people. During the chaos, a fringe group began to vandalize, loot and pillage local retail stores. Local citizens formed human barriers to control this. A state of emergency was declared by the Governor who had the Missouri State Police take over and deployed a local National Guard unit. A curfew was imposed and was violated by local enfuriated residents. The FBI and Department of Justice deployed agents to independently determine what had happened and who was involved. It was totally inappropriate for the Fergeson Police Chief to release surveillance videos and other materials in an attempt to disparage the reputation of Michael Brown. No Police Chief has the right to be judge and jury because of conflict of interest and selfserving actions taken. Rather, those actions may be more evidence that he had a White is right approach which does not meet nor serve the ideals of our U,S. Constitution and its Bill of Rights...nor does it serve that Fergeson commnity. The family suthorized an autopsy of Michael Brown s remains. This established that he was shot six times. Two bullets hit his skill; four bullets hit his body. The next day, the Missouri State Patrol assumed responsibility for Fergeson s public safety and security. It was then that the name of the officer, Darrin Wilson, was made public by the Police Chief who began to release information disparaging the character of Michael Brown. Today the Fergeson community is very tense. Its residents, both White and Black are working collaboratively to re-establish their community s lawful peace and security which is essential to the American life style and its conduct of commerce. But let us not overlook the role of the various levels of governance in creating the current cynical attitude of We, The People. The various governance levels must operate with honesty, integrity and transparency; with the conscious knowledge that there are checks and balances. The U.S. Congress, as an elected policy making group must perform and fulfil its purpose which is to govern with the objective of doing the greatest good for the greatest number of Americans. As an outcome of its inaction regarding several broken public policy systems, such as income disparity, excessive support of the military-industrial complex, the need for jobs; adjustment of the dynamic equilibrium, a well-funded education system, and a fair justice system. If policy adjustments are not made soon, YES, it could happen here in Silicon Valley. Luisa Fernanda Montero PARA LA RED HISPANA La muerte de uno de los actores más geniales de la industria del cine, que conmovió a millones de personas alrededor del mundo, sorprende por su crudeza. Pocos podemos entender que un hombre que fue capaz de derramar tanto talento y alegría guardara dentro de sí una tristeza capaz de matarlo. La mala noticia es que el del actor multifacético es simplemente uno más de los miles de casos que se presentan anualmente en Estados Unidos y en el mundo. En este país cada año 39,000 personas se quitan la vida y cerca de 490,000 son atendidas en centros hospitalarios por lastimarse a sí mismos, de acuerdo con datos de los Centros de Control de Enfermedades -CDC-. Al morir Williams empezaba a sufrir los primeros síntomas del Parkinson, pero además era víctima de ataques de ansiedad y depresión, y esa, la depresión fue la que lo mató. Esperamos que tras la trágica muerte de Robin, otros hallen la fortaleza para buscar la ayuda y el apoyo que necesitan con las batallas que enfrentan, y para que sientan menos temor, dijo en un comunicado su esposa Susan Schneider; y ahí está el asunto. Qué podemos aprender de un caso tan visible? Cómo podemos atacar la depresión en nuestro entorno? Qué hacer cuando es ella la que nos ataca? Más de 350 millones de personas sufren de depresión en el mundo, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud -OMS-. El organismo internacional afirma que este es el trastorno mental de mayor crecimiento y se prevé que para el 2020 será la enfermedad de mayor incidencia. La clave, según los expertos está en desarrollar lo que se ha llamado resiliencia, es decir, la capacidad de asumir con flexibilidad situaciones límite y sobreponerse. Un arma para atacar la depresión que al parecer no todos poseemos. No en vano, artistas han confesado su depresión, una enfermedad con muchas caras que lleva a muchos a hacer una catástrofe de sus propias vidas y a otros a desarrollar lo que los especialistas llaman la negación maniaca de la depresión, que ocurre cuando una persona intenta demostrar una alegría excesiva que no existe. Así que prenda las alarmas si usted o alguien cercano manifiesta al menos seis o más de estos síntomas durante dos semanas: tristeza profunda y sensación de vacío, desesperanza, pesimismo o rabia, irritabilidad e incapacidad para relajarse o para descansar, pérdida de interés en las actividades cotidianas que han sido placenteras en el pasado, incluyendo la actividad sexual, fatiga, dificultad para concentrarse, recordar detalles y tomar decisiones, trastornos del sueño y del apetito. Las personas que tienen capacidades para resolver problemas y conflictos de forma pacífica, por ejemplo, pueden lidiar mejor con la depresión, así como aquellos que tienen un sentido de pertenencia y los que cuentan con recursos efectivos de atención clínica, pero sobre todo aquellos que son capaces de pedir ayuda. La depresión es una enfermedad que mata. Debemos actuar si queremos mantenerla a raya. Ignorarla solo empeorará las cosas. En un OCCURIELCIAS estado de frustración, tristeza y desamparo total, la muerte se dibuja como el más simple de los descansos; la clave está en lograr lo que Williams no logró, mucho antes de ese punto. La buena noticia es que es posible.
4 4 COMMUNITY EL OBSERVADOR AUGUST 22-28, 2014 Santa Clara County CALIFORNIA Energy Upgrade California Home Upgrade program has increased its energyefficiency rebates so homeowners can now receive up to $6,500 for making energy saving improvements to their homes. The Clara, as part of the Bay Area Regional Energy Network (BayREN), is offering free orientation workshops in Los Gatos and San Jose in August, and in San Jose, Saratoga, Cupertino and Mountain View in September. Register at homeupgradeworkshop. eventbrite.com The Home Upgrade program helps single-family homeowners identify ways to increase their home s energy efficiency. Eligible improvements include air sealing; duct sealing; attic insulation; high-efficiency furnaces, cooling systems, and water systems; wall insulation; and more. Homeowners may be eligible for rebates from $1,000 to $6,500, plus a $300 rebate toward the cost of a home energy assessment. The Home Upgrade program has increased rebates significantly from $4,500 to $6,500 for property owners who want to make their homes more energy efficient, said Sharlene Carlson, manager of sustainability and energy programs for the County of There s never been a better time for Santa Clara County homeowners to complete energy-efficient home improvements. Energy upgrades not only help homeowners save energy and money, but also enhance indoor air quality, comfort and safety. Homeowners are encouraged to attend one of six free workshops to learn more about the program and how to find a participating contractor. Space is limited, so reserve a seat at homeupgradeworkshop.eventbrite. com. San Jose - Tuesday, Aug. 26, 2014, 6:30 p.m. 8:00 p.m.evergreen Community Center, 4860 San Felipe Road, San Jose, CA Saratoga - Thursday, Sept. 4, 2014, 6:30 p.m. 8:00 p.m. Saratoga Community Center, Allendale Ave., Saratoga, CA Cupertino - Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014, 6:30 p.m. 8:00 p.m. Creekside Park Building, Miller Ave., Cupertino, CA San Jose - Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014, 6:30 p.m. 8:00 p.m. Cambrian Branch Library, 1780 Hillsdale Ave., San Jose, CA Mountain View Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014, 6:30 p.m. 8:00 p.m. Mountain View Senior Center, 266 Escuela Ave., Mountain View, CA Homeowners who cannot attend an orientation workshop, and want to begin a home upgrade immediately, can contact a Home Upgrade Advisor for free, direct oneon-one assistance, including identifying a contractor. Participating contractors are specially trained and certified in building performance as well as Home Upgrade program details. Call for a Home Upgrade Advisor. Santa Clara County CALIFORNIA Five residents of Santa Clara County have been infected with West Nile virus (WNV). Two residents had the more severe neuroinvasive form of the disease, West Nile encephalitis, one had West Nile fever, and two residents had no symptoms. Of the three people with symptoms, two were hospitalized and released, and one is currently hospitalized. All five Santa Clara County residents live in areas of the county with high WNV activity this year. Unlike last year, when WNV activity in birds and mosquitoes was concentrated in Milpitas and East San Jose, this year, WNV activity is concentrated in Mountain View, Sunnyvale, Santa Clara, Cupertino, Campbell, and west and south San Jose. It is important to remember most people who get a mosquito bite will not become infected, will not develop symptoms and will not need to seek care, said Dr. Sara Cody, Health Officer for Santa Clara County. But in some cases, West Nile can cause serious illness. To reduce the risk of West Nile, residents should take precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This year Santa Clara County has had an unusually large number of birds that died from WNV. 648 dead birds infected with WNV have been reported in Santa Clara County so far in 2014, which represents half of all the reported dead birds infected with WNV in California. 85% of the dead birds tested in the County this year were infected with WNV. Because of this situation, the risk of WNV in residents of Santa Clara County this summer is likely to be higher than in previous years, especially over the next two months. Last year there were two human cases of WNV; prior to that, there was a case in 2011, which was fatal, one case in 2008, four in 2007, and five in Physicians in Santa Clara County have been provided information regarding the symptoms of West Nile virus, how to diagnose the disease and to report suspected cases to the Public Health Department. WNV is transmitted to humans and animals through the bite of an infected mosquito. The risk of becoming seriously ill is low for most people. Less than 1% of people can develop serious neurologic illness such as encephalitis or meningitis. People over the age of 50 have a higher chance of becoming ill. In addition, people with diabetes or hypertension have a greater risk of complications and serious illness. After someone is bitten, the incubation period is generally 2 to 6 days, but it can be as many as 14 days. Most people are infected between June and September, when it is warm outside and mosquitoes are most active. People can take steps to protect themselves from contracting West Nile Virus, including: Use insect repellents when you go outdoors. Repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and some oil of lemon, eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide longer-lasting protection. Dress in long sleeves and pants if you are outside from dusk through dawn when many mosquitoes are most active. Be sure to install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out. If you have air conditioning, use it. Help reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home by emptying standing water from containers such as flowerpots, gutters, buckets, pool covers, pet water dishes, discarded tires, and birdbaths. Report any mosquito breeding sources to the Santa Clara County Vector Control District at org or (408) For more information: California Department of Public Health: CDC: westnile Santa Clara County Vector Control District:
5 AUGUST 22-28, st Chinese Star Contest Opens to Local K-12 Students San Jose CALIFORNIA Local education and community leaders will come together at 11 a.m. on August 27 at the Silicon Valley Education Foundation to kick off the San Jose Silicon Valley first Chinese Star Contest, a competition cosponsored by the Santa Clara County Office of Education (SCCOE) and the Confucius Institute at San Francisco State University in order to encourage K-12 students to explore Chinese language, art, poetry and culture. Our world is getting smaller every day, and the leaders of tomorrow are the students who learn now to engage in other cultures and languages, said Santa Clara County Superintendent of Schools Jon Gundry. I am so pleased that, through this event, our students will begin building skills that will help prepare them for the global marketplace while also developing an appreciation of China s impressive cultural legacy. The kickoff event will feature speakers from throughout the local education community, including SCCOE Superintendent Gundry and also representatives from San Francisco State University and the Chinese Consulate General in San Francisco. In addition, Cupertino Union School District Superintendent Wendy Gudalewicz will speak to the impact their Dual Immersion Mandarin program has had in her district, and two students from Meyerholz Elementary School will share thoughts about their experience as dual immersion students. We are very excited about this opportunity to team up with the Santa Clara County Office of Education and local schools and communities, said Jiaxin Xie, director of the Confucius Institute at San Francisco State University. Through these contests, we hope to provide a platform for Chinese learners to demonstrate their EL OBSERVADOR EDUCATION 5 linguistic and cultural talents, and showcase their interest and achievements in learning Chinese language and culture with help from their teachers and parents. We hope that the study of Chinese will not just connect American students with the language, but also with the culture, literature, and rich history of China. Students can compete in one of five age groups in four categories: Calligraphy (pen/ brush), Painting/Drawing, Chinese Poetry Recital and Oral Presentation. The deadline to apply for participation is September 30, with the contest itself taking place on October 25, followed by an awards ceremony on November 15.Silicon Valley Education Foundation is located at 1400 Parkmoor Avenue, Suite 200 in San Jose. For more information, or to register to participate in the contest, please visit:www.sfsu.edu/~ci. New Toolkit to Help Educators Explain Common Core SACRAMENTO Educators and school districts now have a new free toolkit to help them spread the word about how the Common Core State Standards are remodeling California s education system to better prepare students for college and careers, State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson announced. As students and teachers head back to school they will be experiencing exciting changes in California education, including a new way of teaching and learning through the Common Core, Torlakson said. Now educators have additional help in dispelling the mystery and concerns of families about this transition with a new communications toolkit created with the help of several major education groups in the state. Explaining Common Core to Californians: A Communications Toolkit is an online resource created with the help of the California Department of Education, State Board of Education, Californians Dedicated to Education, California County Superintendents Educational Services Association, California State PTA, California School Boards Association, California Teachers Association, California Federation of Teaches AFT/AFL- CIO, Association of California School Administrators, the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce, and the nonprofit FrameWorks. The resource is a collection of research, recommendations, and sample communications designed to help educators increase their own and the public s understanding of the kinds of instruction, testing, and support needed to fulfill the potential of the Common Core. For example, educators can download printable message cards that provide metaphors to help them explain Common Core, talking points to help them describe what Common Core does, frequently asked questions on challenging topics, tips on how to use social media, sample letters to parents, and a Common Core video. Californians Dedicated to Education also will hold a series of Webinars to provide an overview of the Communications Toolkit and practical tips on how to use it with a special focus on back-to-school messaging. Click on the links below to register for the free Webinars. Advanced registration is required. For more information, contact Caitlin Lawrence-Toombs at glenpricegroup.com or : August 27, 11:00 a.m.: https://www1.gotomeeting. com/register/ August 28, 11:00 a.m.: https://www1.gotomeeting. com/register/ SCCvector.org.
6 6 BUSINESS EL OBSERVADOR AUGUST 22-28, 2014 Making The Most Of Mobility In Your Business In particular, small businesses are becoming increasingly dependent on mobile technology, with the National Small Business Association finding that 74 percent of SMBs use smartphones, up nearly 20 points from just three years ago. Customers and employees expect seamless, integrated workflow that won t be interrupted when employees are working remotely. Providing employees with the right technology to do their jobs both in and out of the office keeps pro- Technology can make work easier, faster and more efficient wherever you may need to be. NAPS ductivity high and drives better business results. If you re like most people in business today, you feel the need to be available 24/7 and do it all. This brings a call for more flexibility and the ability to work in a way that best suits our individual style. Mobile technologies are essential to bringing work and home lives together and helping people access files, e- mails and schedules anytime, anywhere, with the touch of a finger. As you look to make your business increasingly mobile, here are a few tips to consider: Marry digital and print to best meet your business needs. The way that people are accessing content is changing. Some documents that were once kept in hard copy, such as calendars, are now better suited to a smartphone screen. However, the need for printed documents for things such as client presentations and proofing is still very much alive. New mobile print technologies for example, the HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M476 make securely printing on the go from NFC-enabled mobile devices as easy as touching the device to the printer. Extend business beyond the brick and mortar. Mobile payment technologies such as the Square Card Reader expand the reach of your business and help you engage customers outside your storefront or office. These applications make the shift from paper to plastic much easier for both businesses and consumers. Whether you re an insurance agent or an artist, you can connect and conduct transactions with your customers whenever and wherever your business takes you. Be on top of filing, not buried in it. Businesses keep track of countless amounts of paper. Looking for a mislabeled or misfiled document is frustrating and wastes important time and resources. Cloud-based document management solutions, including HP Flow CM or Box, can help small businesses effectively digitize, store and retrieve documents. This makes it easier for employees to quickly access, edit and store important paperwork regardless of where they re working. Los ladrones de identidad apuntan tanto a los niños como a los adultos Jason Alderman PRACTICAL MONEY Lamento comunicarles que el robo de identidad de menores ha prosperado en 2014 y probablemente el problema empeore a medida que los ladrones inventen nuevos métodos para robar y usar la información personal de los niños. En la mayoría de los casos, recolectan los números del seguro social inactivo de los niños y los usan para obtener ilegalmente un trabajo o abrir cuentas bancarias o de crédito, obtener hipotecas o préstamos automotores en forma fraudulenta. Muchas de las víctimas no notan ningún problema hasta que solicitan un préstamo educativo, quieren abrir una cuenta bancaria o alquilar un departamento, o se postulan para un empleo y son rechazados por tener un mal historial crediticio que, sin saberlo, ha sido arruinado por otra persona. Algunas familias hasta llegan a ser acosadas por las agencias de cobranzas o arrestadas por la magnitud de las deudas o los delitos cometidos. No hay métodos infalibles para proteger la identidad de sus hijos, pero estas son algunas de las precauciones que puede tomar: Si bien es tentador simplemente no registrar a sus hijos en la Seguridad Social hasta que cumplan los 18 años, hoy en día no es nada práctico. Para empezar, usted debe declararlos como dependientes en sus declaraciones fiscales. También puede necesitar el número del seguro social de sus hijos para obtener cobertura médica o servicios gubernamentales, o para abrir cuentas bancarias a nombre de ellos. Dado que el número del seguro social de cada persona es único, con frecuencia las escuelas, los prestadores médicos, las compañías de seguro, los bancos y otros lo solicitan como medio de identificación. Así y todo, no tenga miedo de preguntar: Para qué necesitan usar el número del seguro social? Es obligatorio? Aceptan otro medio de identificación? Qué pasa si no proporciona el número del seguro social de sus hijos? Qué medidas de seguridad toman con la información personal? Aceptan no usar el número del seguro social de sus hijos como número de identificación personal en las correspondencias, resúmenes bancarios o tarjetas de identificación? Preste atención a los siguientes signos, que pueden indicar que el número del seguro social de su hijo ha sido utilizado fraudulentamente: Su hijo recibe ofertas de cuentas de crédito pre-aprobadas. Su hijo recibe llamados o resúmenes de cuenta de agencias de cobranzas, acreedores o agencias gubernamentales. Usted no puede abrir una cuenta bancaria a nombre de su hijo porque ya existe una cuenta con el mismo número de seguro social. A su hijo le deniegan un crédito, empleo, licencia de conducir o la inscripción a la universidad por motivos desconocidos o relacionados con el crédito. Recuerde que su hijo puede estar recibiendo ofertas de crédito por motivos legítimos. Por ejemplo, podría ser una campaña de marketing de alguna afiliada de su banco o tal vez usted abrió un fondo universitario a su nombre. Si realmente sospecha o tiene pruebas de que se ha cometido un robo de identidad, puede: Hacer la denuncia policial y guardar una copia como prueba del delito. Contactarse con las unidades de fraude de las tres agencias crediticias más importantes: Equifax ( ), Experian ( ) y TransUnion ( ) y pedir instrucciones. Notificar a la Comisión Federal de Comercio ( ), cuyo sitio web de Robo de Identidad contiene información sobre alertas de fraude, congelamiento del crédito, cómo trabajar con la policía y mucho más. (www. ftc.gov). Averiguar en la Seguridad Social ( ) si alguien ha reportado ingresos con el número del seguro social de su hijo. Para obtener información, busque Identity Theft ( Robo de Identidad ) en Contáctese con la Unidad de Protección de Identidad del IRS ( ). La Comisión Federal de Comercio recomienda contactarse con las tres agencias crediticias principales cuando su hijo tenga alrededor de 16 años para ver si tiene informes crediticios registrados. (No debería haber ninguno a menos que su hijo sea usuario autorizado de alguna de sus cuentas). Si hay algún informe y contiene errores debido a fraudes o uso indebido tendrá tiempo para corregirlos antes de que su hijo necesite usar el crédito. Advierta a sus hijos sobre los peligros de divulgar información personal por teléfono, correo electrónico o las redes sociales. No dude en controlar sus cuentas e instalar software de control parental. Y recuerde, si usan su computadora, cualquier virus que descarguen podría infectar sus cuentas también.