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1 THE OFFICIAL CONVENTION NEWSPAPER OF NAHJ THURSDAY, JUNE 14, Convention San Jose Inside Today HOME RUN CHASE Reaction is mixed about Bonds drive PAGES 7-9 GET HYPHY Inside: Bay Area youth culture finds own hip-hop style PAGE 6 Video report: Ghost-riding the whip TODAY S WEATHER: SUNNY, HIGH 87, LOW 60 Immigration reform fails DESPITE MAJOR SETBACK, PROPONENTS HOPEFUL FOR OVERHAUL By Cristian Hernandez A compromise designed to reform the nation s immigration system failed to get a final vote in the Senate last week after opponents from both parties refused to stop debating the measure. The defeat is viewed as a major setback for President Bush and congressional supporters who said the bill would have given 12 million undocumented immigrants a path to U.S. citizenship. For the bill to pass, senators had to vote to end debate and then take a second vote to approve the measure. The first vote failed and Senate Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) then took the bill off the Senate floor. Reid and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) remained hopeful they would be able to reintroduce a measure for consideration in a few weeks. I will bring the immigration bill back to the Senate as soon as enough Republicans are ready to join us in moving forward to fix our broken immigration system, Reid said. Please see IMMIGRATION, Page 4 Online What we thought of the governor Read reaction to Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger s address at the convention s opening plenary Wednesday evening, where he promoted his plan for all Californians to have health insurance, and answered questions regarding undocumented immigrants. LATINO REPORTER/CONOR SANCHEZ Leonardo Serrano, left, and Siprano Perez, harvest organic greens at the Triple M Ranch in Watsonville on Wednesday. LATINO REPORTER/DANNY RODRIGUEZ Today s Convention Highlights DIGITAL REVOLUTION What does convergence mean for news gatherers? 8:30-10:15 a.m., Marriot Ballroom Salons III-iV LIFE COACHING Get your career unstuck and find balance in your life. noon-2p.m., Expo Hall Lounge Despite cuts, Spanish language news thrives By Ana Ley Demand and advertising dollars for Spanish-language news are growing, but like the rest of the industry, ethnic news outlets are facing layoffs, bureau closures and shrinking coverage. It s a trend that puzzles industry experts. Some blame ownership changes, short-term financial goals and the perception that Spanish speakers are not strong consumers. But what s clear to most is that the future of Spanish-language news outlets is bright. They are going to be gold mines to save the day at big companies, said Gilbert Bailon, the publisher and editor of Al Día newspaper in Dallas. He added that they provide critical community service to people who crave credible, relevant information in their native language. While many mainstream news outlets report losses in advertising sales, Spanishlanguage media appears to be attracting more advertising dollars. Total spending for Spanish-language media reached $5.59 billion last year, an increase of 14.4 percent over 2005, according to Please see SPANISH, Page 3 Inside Recruiting journalists in a downsizing environment Page 3 FLIP OVER TO READ NEWS EN ESPANOL

2 THE LATINO REPORTER 2 Questionoftheday What is your worst mistake that required a correction? THE RESULTS ARE IN 77% 23% YES This woman, who was accused of committing fraud with one of the welfare programs, denied that she did it. I wrote that she admitted she may have done it. Ernie Garcia The Journalist News, Yonkers, N. Y. We had an article on digital radio about a technology called frequency shift keying and that word shift didn t have the F. Lucia Sanchez Radio World Newspaper Falls Church, Va. I misspelled my own last name. Daniel Morales Velazquez Press El Monte, Calif. There was an ad that was suppose to say colorful cojines, and somebody slipped and it said cojones. Professor Rafael Matos, University of Sacred Heart, San Juan, Puerto Rico I reported that we were headed for a large fire, and when we got there it was a very small shed fire. We had to tell people we were wrong. Andy Ramirez KNXV TV, Phoenix Convention NO Should NAHJ hold its annual conference in Las Vegas? Question LATINO REPORTER/DENNY ROBLES LATINO REPORTER/JOEY ANCHONDO Volunteer Josie Lepe, a San Jose Mercury News photographer, sets up a photo exhibit Tuesday on immigration rallies for the NAHJ convention. Volunteers step up to staff convention By Tessa Benavides Rich Ramirez, NAHJ s local logistics coordinator and overseer of the volunteers for this year s convention, recently realized he had run into a small glitch. Fewer than 20 volunteers had signed up to help with NAHJ preparations in San Jose far short of the number he needed. As Ramirez put it, he totally panicked. We called community groups, college journalism educators, journalism clubs in the Bay Area and Latino groups in the community, said Ramirez, who needed volunteers to stuff more than 1,000 bags for conventioneers, among other tasks. The response from the community left him speechless. It wasn t long before the number of volunteers from the Bay Area had more than doubled and the Guadalupe conference room inside the Marriott San Jose started to fill. Before we knew it, we had more than 50 volunteers, Ramirez said. Some of them didn t even know anything about NAHJ before we put this word out. So I am just overwhelmed by their commitment. Sylvia Andrade was one of the first to respond. The youth advisor for the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) showed up with a group of parents on Sunday in response to Ramirez s call. We got involved because we do work in the community and they needed volunteers, Andrade said. When you volunteer, you don t mind how much work there is. If the work needs to be done, we do it. Andrade s 75-year-old mother, Ana Maria Argandar, also volunteered. She was working as hard as the 20-year-olds and college students. She just wanted to help, Ramirez said of Argandar. Two journalism students from San Francisco State University also joined in. Jody Amable and Jacqueline Hernandez were sent e- mails by their professors regarding Ramirez s request for help. They came not only to help but to gain experience. I knew it would be an opportunity to meet people. That is something I have to start doing because I am almost out of school, so I need to start making connections, Amable said. Hernandez said curiosity was her reason for volunteering. I have never been involved in anything like this, so I was curious to see what it was all about, she said. Like Andrade, Hernandez brought along a family member to help her sister, Leticia Gomez, of Mexico. Together, they helped stuff name tags into envelopes. I came just to find out what it was, and I thought Why not? We can meet other people, Gomez said. Everybody is nice and I am having a little bit of fun. NAHJ volunteers, whose main office is on the third floor of the Marriott, are committed to the convention s success. They will be onhand during the week to ensure programs run smoothly and will provide assistance during workshops. A volunteer s monetary value per hour is $18.77 nationally based on a report by Independent Sector, a leadership forum for charities, foundations and corporate giving programs. In Ramirez s eyes, the volunteers who helped to put the convention together are priceless. NAHJ staff is great, but there is just not enough of them to do all the work, especially the behind-thescenes work, Ramirez said. These people are just working so hard. PROFESSIONAL STAFF EDITOR Edwin Garcia, San Jose Mercury News MANAGING EDITOR George Ramos, Cal Poly-San Luis Obispo ASSIGNING EDITORS Andrea Garcia, Daily Republic Julie Patel, San Jose Mercury News Ricardo Sanchez, Contra Costa Times Nicole Vargas, San Diego Union-Tribune DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY Marcio José Sánchez, Associated Press PHOTO MENTORS Hector Amezcua, Sacramento Bee A.E. Fred Araiza, Arizona Daily Star Ray Chavez, Oakland Tribune Sara Fajardo, Orlando Sentinel COPY EDITORS Michael Martinez, San Jose Mercury News José Romero, Seattle Times DESIGN DIRECTOR Daymond Gascon, San Jose Mercury News DESIGNER Sylvia Ulloa, San Jose Mercury News CONVERGENCE MANAGER Blanca Torres, Contra Costa Times ADVISERS Joe Rodriguez, San Jose Mercury News Ricardo Sandoval, Sacramento Bee STUDENT STAFF Tessa Benavides, Our Lady of The Lake University Maira Garcia, Texas State University-San Marcos Victoria Hayslett, New Mexico State University Arelis Hernandez, University of Maryland- College Park Cristian Hernandez, Boston University Ana Ley University of Texas-Pan American Jonnelle Marte, Florida International University Marcy Miranda, Northwestern University Denny Robles, University of Idaho Daniel Rodriguez, Texas State University- San Marcos Conor Sanchez, Occidental College Mark Suarez, University of Houston Celina Rosita Tousignant, Syracuse University PUBLISHED BY The San Jose Mercury News HOW TO REACH US San Jose State University Dwight Bentel Hall One Washington Square San Jose, CA Corrections A photo essay on the San Jose Flea Market in Wednesday s paper misidentified the author of its accompanying story. Jonnelle Marte wrote the article. Tessa Benavides biography was omitted from staff story on Page 3. Her bio follows: A twist of fate led to Tessa Benavides interest in journalism. Benavides, a sophomore at Our Lady of the Lake University in San Antonio, Texas, wanted to drop out of her choir class in junior high. The only other elective available was the school newspaper. She figured she could sit around and staple papers or something, and adds, Boy, was I wrong.

3 Even recruiters facing job crunch FEW NEWSPAPERS HAVE JOB OPENING By Marcy Miranda Carla Kimbrough-Robinson has worked in the newspaper industry for 20 years, most recently as a recruiter for the Denver Post. Throughout her career, she has seen the rise of the internet, the evolution of technology in journalism and the latest troubles haunting the industry. But this week, Kimbrough-Robinson has personally felt the effects of job cuts in the newspaper industry, as five positions including hers were recently eliminated at the Post. Friday will be her last day. Kimbrough-Robinson s position as assistant editor of staff development was created in 2001 in anticipation of increased staffing, which did not occur. She said she noticed a change at the Post in 2006, when her recruiting trips were reduced from four to one per year. We would typically go to NABJ, NAHJ, AAJA, she said, referring to professional ethnic journalism associations. In 2006, we only went to one conference and just started rotating those. While Kimbrough-Robinson s case is somewhat rare among recruiters, it is symptomatic of a greater trend in the industry. As some major U.S. dailies move toward more staff reductions, the jobs of recruiters are in a state of fluctuation some newspaper companies are making cutbacks while others are hiring. While the Los Angeles Times, St. Louis Post Dispatch and San Francisco Chronicle all recently reduced editorial LATINO REPORTER/MONICA RADRIGAN CNN International recruiter Miguel A. Zurrita sets up his job booth in the Media and Career Expo Wednesday in preparation for the NAHJ Convention. staffs in large numbers, Gannett Inc., the Houston Chronicle and the Boston Globe are all searching to fill positions. Job descriptions for some recruiters have also changed, said Rick Edmonds, media business analyst for the Poynter Institute. Some recruiters have been given additional duties, he said. In other cases, positions have been reduced from full time to part time. For newspaper journalists, the decline in readership has led to lower profits and taken a toll on many careers. Recent statistics reported by the American Society of Newspaper Editors show a decline of nearly 3 percent in full-time journalists employed at newspapers from 2001 to The 2006 count included 11 free dailies that were not included prior to last year. But things are not all grim for recruiters in the industry. The push for new media that has taken over traditional newspapers has also seeped into the list of qualifications that recruiters seek from job candidates. Most recruiters said jobs for journalists are still available, but companies that are hiring are being more selective, looking for journalists with training in new media. More recent hires are for opportunities online, Edmonds said. It s still important that organizations have a pipeline for ideal candidates. News organizations can t make bad hires. WILLIAM CHANG, SENIOR RECRUITER AT THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The targets are younger people in schools and people in technology, he said. Applicants with online skills are more attractive to recruiters, said Adriana Brockman, College and Professional Recruiter for Gannett. We put a premium not just on knowing the basics, she said, but having added value as well. Kimbrough-Robinson said of all the positions eliminated at the paper, none was reduced from the online department, and current journalists have begun training in new media. William Chang, senior recruiter at the Associated Press, said recruiters jobs remain essential even at a time when many positions are not available. It s still important that organizations have a pipeline for ideal candidates, he said. News organizations can t make bad hires. Diane Cowen, the newsroom recruiter for the Houston Chronicle, said recruiters constantly have to be on the lookout for good talent. There are certain jobs that are always in demand, she said. And you never know when you will have an opening. You have to be progressive on the hiring front. THE LATINO REPORTER SPANISH Advertising, circulation improve despite cuts CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Nielsen Monitor-Plus, which collects media advertising data. Meanwhile, the need for coverage of Latinos in America is perhaps greater than ever. The Latino population grew by 61 percent from 1990 to 2000, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. Spanish-language dailies grew from a combined circulation of 140,000 in 1970 to over 1.7 million in 2002, according to Forbes. These publications fill niches in untapped readership and advertisers, if [only] their owners would look more broadly at their market demographics and see beyond the next two financial quarters, Bailon said. There haven t been layoffs at Al Día since it was launched in 2003, but several positions have been kept open, Bailon said. And a dip in circulation was strategic: The newspaper started distributing to a more targeted readership. Other Spanish-language outlets aren t so lucky. NBC, which acquired Telemundo in 2001, has announced it will cut staff at all of its TV properties, including Telemundo, according to the 2007 State of the News Media annual report on NBC has also announced it is planning to eliminate six local Telemundo newscasts in major markets in Houston, Dallas, San Antonio, San Jose and Phoenix. Critics say this is at odds with what NBC promised when it purchased the network in 2001, because at the time the company said it would give Telemundo the resources to compete with Univision. However, Telemundo is considering expansion in other areas: It recently announced it may launch a network in Mexico to compete with two networks there. The Rumbo newspaper chain, launched in 2004 by journalist and businessman Edward Schumacher-Matos, once boasted four papers in different Texas metropolitan areas. But the chain hasn t met advertising sales targets in recent years, leading to a suspension of its Austin edition last year and a reduction of editions in Houston, San Antonio and McAllen/Brownsville from five to three days a week. And this year, there were more cuts: The Houston and San Antonio editions are now published weekly. After the cuts, advertising sales dipped slightly because of concerns about less coverage, but it bounced back within months, said Alejandro Manrique, Rumbo s managing editor for its San Antonio edition. La Opinión, the largest Spanish-language newspaper in the United States, had a round of layoffs in 2004 and a smaller one last year, said Bill Graham, the paper s director of human resources. But its circulation has been relatively stable, said Jim Pellegrino, circulation director for the newspaper. The San Jose Mercury News folded Nuevo Mundo, its Spanish-language weekly, in 2005 because it wasn t profitable enough, said former pubisher Marina Hinestrosa. Its four-member editorial staff took buyouts. The cuts in the industry hinder cultural development in the country, said Gabriel Lerner, assignment editor for La Opinión. This is a serious cutback on original coverage of telling trends among the Hispanic-American community. Spanish-language journalists urge industry leaders and advertisers to base their decisions on hard numbers, not myths. Even though there are a lot more bilingual readers, advertisers don t think that the Spanish-speaking population is very inclined to purchase their products, Manrique said. This, of course, is a myth, and we are trying to prove it wrong. We are ahead of our times, and if we manage to survive it, perhaps we can continue to grow. 3

4 THE LATINO REPORTER 4 Reporters experience can help tell story By Cristian Hernandez Listening to an immigrant family tell its story of imminent deportation, reporter Luz Lazo fought the urge to cry with them. Immigration is a subject Lazo knows well; she and her family came to the U.S. from El Salvador when she was 13. Lazo writes for El Tiempo Latino, a Spanish-language newspaper in the metropolitan Washington area owned by the Washington Post. She covers a wide range of immigration issues and doesn t feel biased on the subject. Latino reporters such as Lazo often find themselves covering immigration reform and listening to stories of undocumented families. The immigration issue has become a hot topic for the media as Congress scrambles to fix what President Bush and legislators from both parties have deemed a broken system. But being a Latino reporter CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Sen. Edward Kennedy (D- Mass.) said he and fellow supporters of the bill still hope the bill eventually will pass. White House spokesman Scott Stanzel also said that the immigration measure was far from being done, noting that there is strong bipartisan support for it. In his weekly radio address after the Senate action, President Bush said, I understand the skepticism some members of Congress have regarding certain aspects of this legislation. Like any legislation, this bill is not perfect. And like many senators, I believe the bill will need to be further improved along the way before it becomes law. In the heat of the debate, critics and supporters can sometimes talk past each other. The president, finishing up a visit to Bulgaria and Albania, said Monday that Reid should bring the bill back to the Senate floor for consideration. An amendment passed after midnight last Wednesday that would end the guest-worker portion of the proposal after five years, effectively ending the measure s chances for passage. Most Democrats backed the amendment, but it was passed after Republicans, who covering immigration has benefits and pitfalls. Some commentators and bloggers say Latino reporters have a difficult time remaining objective; groups such as the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), which seeks to tighten immigration policies, disagree. Latino reporters can remain objective, FAIR president Dan Stein said. We have always been a very diverse country. All people have different backgrounds. Sometimes when you talk to people and you hear their stories, Lazo said, you might be able to relate, because as an immigrant we might share similar stories. But I don t feel the need to advocate. Oscar Avila, a reporter for the Chicago Tribune who has covered immigration issues, agrees. He said he believes that being a Latino reporter does not affect his ability to remain objective. He also said it s not IMMIGRATION There is still hope for a compromise had previously opposed the measure, switched their votes knowing the amendment would lead to the bill s collapse. Kennedy, along with Republican Sen. John Kyl of Arizona, reached the bipartisan compromise last month that raised hope that U.S. immigration reforms would be enacted. But the bill has come under heavy criticism by both conservatives and Democrats. Thursday night, even Kyl voted against stopping debate. California s two Democratic senators found themselves on different sides of the closure vote. Sen. Dianne Feinstein voted to stop debate because she said the bill was the best hope to reform U.S. immigration policies. But Sen. Barbara Boxer voted against closure because she argued that the guestworker portion of the bill would lead to worker abuses. Under the proposal, it would have provided a path to citizenship for the 12 million people who entered the country illegally. It also called for 200 miles of vehicle barriers to be placed along the Mexican border, 370 miles of fencing and 18,000 additional Border Patrol agents. An electronic verification system that would allow employers to verify that an employee is allowed to work the place of a reporter to be biased. Avila agrees that being Latino gives him a little bit of understanding about the lives and experiences of immigrants. Lazo says it s a distinct advantage. What my background gives me is an opportunity to tell the story from the inside, she said, because you belong to them and have had similar experiences. Lazo also feels she can better write about issues concerning undocumented workers because she understands their way of living and can identify with their plight and sacrifices. But, she said, when covering politics she always tries to give both sides of the story and tell things as they are. Rafael Olmeda, NAHJ president and an assistant city editor at the South Florida Sun- Sentinel, said reporters objectivity can be compromised because everyone has emotions about a particular subject. But legally would also be required. Immigrants would have to undergo a background check and pay a $1,000 fine before they could stay in the country and work with a Z visa. The head of the family would then have to return to their native country to fix in place the application and pay $4,000 before being allowed to return to the U.S. while they wait for a visa. For immigrants already waiting to become U.S. citizens, the wait would have been shorter. The bill would have done away with the long-standing U.S. policy of basing decisions on the reunification of family members in the U.S. with those in other countries. The dead measure instead placed an emphasis of merit-based legal immigration based on a person s skills and education. The guest-worker proposal would have allowed 200,000 guest workers to enter the country for two years at a time. That number of guest workers was 400,000 but was cut in half by a Senate amendment that passed last week. Amendments already made to the bill include disqualifying hundreds of thousands of undocumented workers because of prior felony convictions and making English the they should be careful not to let personal feelings affect the way they cover immigration, he said. It is important to keep biases in check. Being Latino does not disqualify somebody from covering an issue, he said. Everybody has a background and a culture. The issue is not whether or not there is a bias. Latino reporters interviewed for this story said they feel their audience is instrumental in determining their coverage. Who your audience is certainly affects how you are covering a story, Avila said. With a Spanish-speaking audience, he said, reporters must understand what subjects need, or don t need, explanation. A Latino audience knows the difference between a Cuban and Mexican immigrant, but a different audience may not. Lazo, whose readership is primarily Spanish speaking, covers stories differently than official language. The bipartisan compromise has come under attack by conservatives who said the bill gave undocumented immigrants amnesty, believing that law-breakers should not be rewarded by the measure. Immigration rights groups, labor unions and some Democrats also blasted the proposal, saying it would abuse workers rights. Isabel Garcia, an official with the Arizona Coalition of Human Rights, said the amended bill would create a senseless war-like zone in the border with Mexico and in our communities. Garcia said the proposed bill would send immigrants deeper underground and that the measure strays from the traditional family-based immigration that has historically dominated the system. Several Democrats pushed to preserve the family-unification policy. Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.), one of the bill s authors, proposed a provision that would allow more family-based immigration, but it was rejected by the Senate last week. Republicans spoke out against the bill, calling it an amnesty that would reward those who enter the country without documentation. They mainstream English-language media. She often has to explain the American legislative process, for example, because her audience consists of many immigrants are not familiar with how the U.S. government works. Latino reporters also feel that a fluency in the language is another advantage. Lazo said immigrants tend to be more open and trusting of Latino reporters because of this. It brings something to the story. Many of us speak Spanish and understand the complexity of the U.S. immigration system, said Dianne Solis, a reporter for the Dallas Morning News. An NAHJ founding member, she has covered immigration on and off for 20 years. Solis grew up in California s Silicon Valley surrounded by immigration issues. It inspires me more than other subjects do, she said. It is incredibly compelling. want to amend the bill to make it harder for millions of undocumentd immigrants to become naturalized citizens. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, who is running for the GOP presidential nomination, said during the debate that his opposition to the bill was about policies and priorities related to enforcement of our immigration laws. A number of Republicans share Romney s views and believe the compromises made by the Republicans are too great. For immigants like Yanira Argueta, the measure s demise, for now, hurts. Argueta, a native of El Salvador, crossed the border nine years ago. She lives in Northern Virginia, is married and has two children, one in elementary school. Her family s life is that of a middle-class American family. She was disappointed to hear the immigration bill failed to make it through the Senate. It s upsetting, she said. They have to continue looking for a solution. I don t want to continue living in fear of deportation. Like many undocumented immigrants, Argueta has started a new life in the U.S. Some of us have all of our family here, she said. We have nothing left in our (home) countries.

5 Sports departments fall short in diversity SURVEY: LATINOS MAKE UP LESS THAN 4 PERCENT OF STAFFS STUDY FOUND WHITE AMERICA DOMINATES IN SPORT NEWSROOMS 1.6 % African American Sports Editors 5.5 % 1.6 % Latino Sports Editors Asian Sports Editors 12.6 % Women in Total Staff 94.7 % Sports Editors 86.7 % Asst. Sports Editors 89.9 % Columnists 87.4 % Copy Editors AP Sports Editors Report Card LATINO REPORTER/DENNY ROBLES By Mark Suarez Newspaper sports departments across the country are lagging when it comes to staff diversity one year after a study revealed the industry remains predominately white and male-oriented. The findings come as Latinos continue to enjoy consistent growth in the world of professional sports Latinos made up just 3.56 percent of total sports staffers and less than one percent of sports columnists in 2006, according to a survey commissioned by a national organization of sports editors. Conversely, whites comprised percent of sports staffs and percent of sports editors. Those numbers don t sit well with Houston Chronicle veteran sportswriter John Lopez, believed to be one of just three Latino sports columnists in the United States. Lopez has been a sportswriter for the Chronicle since 1990 and began writing sports columns in He said the study proves Latinos are not getting a fair shake when breaking into the industry. I find it encouraging that the Associated Press Sports Editors did this study, that they endorsed this study, Lopez said. But I find it discouraging that basically, in the wake of the study, they re still just rubbing their collective chins and saying, Hmm, isn t that something, rather than actually going out and doing something. However, Michael Fannin, assistant managing editor for the Kansas City Star, points to many contributing factors as the culprit behind poor Latino representation across the board. Among them, he said, is the low number of Latino college students choosing sports journalism as a potential career. Fannin will lead the only sports session at the NAHJ Convention on behalf of APSE on Friday. He succeeds Jim Jenks, sports editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer, as organization president at the conclusion of the APSE Convention later this month in St. Louis. I m going to focus on diversity a lot in the next 12 months (as APSE president), said Fannin, a Latino who will be the first person of color to be APSE president in the 33-year history of the organization. But I think that we also have to look to a grassroots growth that we re not seeing. We have to put an emphasis on reaching out to colleges to find that kid who has an interest in sports journalism and really bring them to the fore in the college newsroom environment, Fannin added. The issue of equal opportunity for Latino journalists and reflecting the readership of a community go hand-in-hand for Houston Chronicle sportswriter Bernardo Fallas, who began his journalism career at the Chronicle in 2004 and covers Major League Soccer s Houston Dynamo. As a Latino journalist, Fallas said he has a responsibility to reach out to the Latino community but provide coverage for all Dynamo fans regardless of race. I don t want to sell the Dynamo only to Hispanics or only in a way Hispanics would care for it, Fallas said. But at the same time you have to have this understanding that some people don t have the ability to communicate and understand the Latino community. Latinos represent 37 percent of Houstonians, the largest ethnic group in the city. Chronicle sports editor Fred Faour leads a diverse staff that includes several Latinos. The key to having a strong sports staff in one of the most diverse cities in the world, Faour said, rests on the Chronicle s ability to find journalists who are capable of putting their finger on the pulse of the community. Achieving that goal nationally, though, is more realistic at a paper the Chronicle s size, he said. The Houston Chronicle has a daily circulation of 450,000 newspapers and a Sunday circulation of 600,000. I just think it s easy to sit here at the Houston Chronicle and say you have to do this because we do have a power to make some changes, Faour said. But it s a lot different when you re a little paper in the Midwest with a staff of two and you re lucky to get somebody for minimum wage. The solution to the issue cannot be answered by turning to affirmative action, said Lopez, who believes the numbers cannot be ignored. When you see the number three (of 318 Latino sports columnists) that tells you that they re not even getting a chance. We are strong. We are passionate. We are beautiful. Somos Latinas. When did we become sexualized burritos with hips? Latinas are portrayed as spicy-hot lovers in the media more so than any other ethnic group. Our stereotype is a sensual woman dancing an alluring salsa in a snug red dress that hugs our ample hips and small waist. Although there s nothing wrong with being sexy and projecting confianza, an overgeneralization of Latinas may make it more difficult for professional women, like those attending NAHJ s 2007 convention, to be taken seriously as journalists. We are more, far more, than Spanish-speaking sex fiends, but the media, especially the internet, would have you think otherwise. A Latina Web Content study conducted by Romelia Salinas, a doctoral candidate in the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that 38 percent of internet sites about Latinas were pornographic. Pornographic sites were overrepresented in Latina content considering that only 12 percent of all Web sites are pornographic, Salinas said. Latinas on these sites are objectified as exotic sluts and illegal brown whores who would do anything to gain citizenship. Pornography isn t the only internet genre to sexualize Latinas. Beauty was the focus of 11 percent of the sites Salinas studied, which she said contributes to the belief that physical appearance is the most valued quality for Latinas. Celina R. Tousignant AY MAMI! Latina journalists fight sexy image, keep confianza Even Latina Magazine s Web site reminds readers of the classic Latina body type: small waist, full, sexy hips. Latinas belong to the most colorful and all-encompassing ethnicity on earth. We are a rainbow, from blanco to negro and every color in between. While some are curvy and thin-waisted, others are tall, thin, short or thick. Our bodies, and the spicy sabor that is marketed with them, are used as commodities for Latin markets and American markets as well. Latina celebrities like Salma Hayek and Jennifer Lopez are celebrated not only for their talents but for their heritage, which is often emphasized to reconnect to the sexy stereotype. Tecate beer advertisements would fall flat without the hot chica holding a frosty bottle and it would be hard to imagine watching Sábado Gigante if it were only Don Francisco on stage. We are a generation blessed with predecessors who fought for women s and Latinos equality, yet, as female journalists, we are facing boundaries and judgments based on stereotypes, like those in telenovelas and music videos. I have no doubt that the Latinas who enter NAHJ s convention are strong, passionate, beautiful and talented. With every well-done article, broadcast, script or Web site created by these periodistas, another piece of the Latina s stereotype is chipped away. While I realize some of these stereotypes exist in our society, we shouldn t allow them to limit or dictate who are or what we do. There is more to these burritos than beans and rice. THE LATINO REPORTER 5

6 THE LATINO REPORTER ENTERTAINMENT Bay Area youth finds own hip-hop style HYPHY HAS GOTTEN NATIONAL RECOGNITION, BUT HAS IT PEAKED? By Maira Garcia When hyphy fans want to dance at a club in the Bay Area, they start by thizzin or going dumb. Jay Sun knows hyphy culture when he sees it. "It's entertainment. Doing certain things you wouldn't do, like stunts with vehicles, ecstasy mixed with alcohol, and gold grills," said Sun, co-owner of Made in the Bay clothing company. If you're from the hood, fine. But if you turn on the radio, see the page in the magazine or on YouTube, it s stuff you won't understand. The use of ecstasy (known as thizzin ), alcohol and potent purple marijuana (called grapes) is common when people jerk, shake and stomp as they dance, or go dumb. It's a hip hop version of rave music, Sun said. It's the same drugs and loud music. In recent years, the buzzword around the Bay Area and in the hip hop industry has been hyphy. The lifestyle has a language of its own and is associated with car stunts and loud up-tempo music. Bay Area rapper Keak da Sneak takes credit for coining the term hyphy, which is short for hyperactive, or a combination of hyper and fly, according to the Web site Sun, whose El Cerrito clothing company caters to the genre, grew up in the North Bay listening to Mac Dre, a slain Bay Area rapper influential in shaping the hyphy scene. Sun s products include oversized flashy sunglasses called stunna shades, grape hoodies and yellow bus polo T-shirts, a politically incorrect reference to the buses used for the mentally challenged. When local radio stations placed Bay Area rappers on regular rotation, the movement picked up momentum nationwide. The Bay Area got to shine in radio in 2004, Sun said. Artists were putting out street anthems that were more radio friendly, and it was perfect timing for fans of the Bay Area culture. Now, the status of Bay Area rap and hyphy are being debated, with some wondering if the hyphy movement has reached its peak nationwide. Hyphy was featured in magazines Online Check out Maira Garcia s video of a student discussing how to ghost ride the whip. from Vibe to Newsweek. Network news shows on CNN and CBS ran stories on ghost riding the whip, a stunt popularized by the music, where people jump out and dance alongside a slow-moving car. Sun said the overexposure was too much too fast, creating a backlash. Branden Peters, lifestyle editor at XXL magazine, said at the end of the day artists didn't capitalize on the movement like they should have. It's a situation where people didn't strike when the iron was hot, he said. But it may not be too late. E-40 s release My Ghetto Report Card debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard R&B/Hip Hop charts in 2006, and major labels are signing more artists such as Mistah F.A.B, The Federation and The Pack. Releases later this year by E-40 and Mistah F.A.B. will be indicators of the movement's success or failure, according to Peters. If received well, the subgenre could be used as a vehicle for rappers to climb out of the hyphy pigeonhole and into mainstream success, just as T.I. did with crunk, Peters said. It's party music. Hip hop always needs space for it like crunk and screw, he said. The talent will stay if the artist is strong. In 2006, MTV released a short documentary titled Hyphy: Crunk Northern California-Style, which gave the nation a taste of the hyphy lifestyle. Sun says the documentary gave a watered down version. People will tell you something different in the streets, he said. It's an expression of freedom, being a rebel and playing loud music. Peters compared hyphy to another regional subculture, screwed and chopped rap, which gained national attention as well. "Hyphy is like the screw culture from Houston," he said. "You can't embody it, but if you like it, it is something you can understand." Sun said unless you come from the streets, hyphy isn t a lifestyle for everybody. There were people who weren't from the Bay Area when it got popularized and it was a little awkward, he said. If you're not from that culture, you can't relate. You're falsifying. 6 I had spent the last four years dashing from one international crisis to another, sleeping on airport floors and going to more coups than concerts. The Knight Fellow-ships gave me a chance to understand the conflicts I d been writing about, providing time, perspective and access to some of the nation s top thinkers. Now I don t just quote famous authors; I ve met them at our weekly seminars and read their books. Frances Robles Correspondent, Miami Herald Knight Fellow 2005 John S. Knight Fellowships at Stanford University Twelve U.S. journalists win Knight Fellowships at Stanford each year. WHAT DO THEY GET? Nine months of study, intellectual growth and professional change at one of the world s great universities, right in the middle of Silicon Valley in classes, independent study and research and special forums with academic and journalism leaders. At the end of the year they return to the rapidly changing journalism landscape with a renewed sense of purpose, deeper knowledge and tools to tackle the challenges ahead. The application deadline for next year is February 1, For a brochure and application form, visit our website: John S. Knight Fellowships Building 120, Room 424 Stanford, CA Phone: (650) Fax: (650) WHAT ARE WE LOOKING FOR? Reporters and editors and anchors Photographers and producers and news directors Editorial cartoonists and multimedia producers and more We want journalists who have already accomplished a lot and are ambitious to do more. Candidates must have seven years professional experience. Fellows receive a stipend of $55,000 plus tuition, and supplements for health insurance, books, housing and child care. All benefits and activities of the program are open to spouses and partners of Fellows.

7 A RUN FOR THE RECORD THE LATINO REPORTER THE LATINO REPORTER/DANNY RODRIGUEZ San Francisco Giants' Barry Bonds during batting practice at AT&T Park in San Francisco, on Monday. The Barry Show: Playing nightly FANS, MEDIA MEMBERS OFFER TAKE ON GIANTS SLUGGER By Mark Suarez San Francisco Giants outfielder Barry Bonds dug into the batters box on a brisk summer evening at AT&T Park Monday, the black Louisville Slugger draped over his shoulder transformed into a lightning rod. Two pitches into his second at-bat, Bonds connected. The ball sailed over the fence in right center field for his 747th home run, moving him one step closer to eclipsing one of major league baseball's most sacred records. The hit ended a 14-game home run drought for Bonds in the Giants 4-3 win over Toronto, and sent the 38,030 Giants fans on hand to into a frenzy. In a word, Bonds was again superhuman. "He s one of the best players that ever lived," said Bonds supporter Ron Fenech, 32, who was in the stands for the game. However, the controversy surrounding Bonds throughout his pursuit of the all-time home run record of set by Hall of Famer Hank Aaron -- has been a hot button issue for Major League Baseball in recent years. The debate reached a boiling point last year when San Francisco Chronicle investigative reporters Lance Williams and Mark Fainaru-Wada published Game of Shadows, a book outlining Bonds' connection with steroid use dating back to Fainaru-Wada believes the sentiment that exists among fans in the Bay Area remains varied, and is largely based on Bonds follows through on a single off Toronto Blue Jays' pitcher A.J. Burnett at AT&T Park in San Francisco, on Tuesday. each fan's allegiance to the Giants. "There's certainly a segment of the Giants-Bonds population that are sports fans through and through, they don't want to really hear about the controversy," Fainaru-Wada said. "They prefer to forget it and enjoy Bonds hitting home runs. I think there's also a part of the fan base that is somewhat shifted on this, who are frustrated or tired of all of the controversy, how he's taken over the team, how the Giants have just kind of handed the ball club over to him." ESPN television analyst Pedro Gomez, who is assigned to cover the Bonds spectacle, said the atmosphere surrounding the embattled slugger has been quiet but could erupt once he surpasses 750 home runs. Gomez believes the media attention could potentially have a negative effect on the Giants team chemistry. The club is currently in last place in the National League West and looking to turn their season around prior to San Francisco hosting the All- Star Game on July 10. But Bonds' supporters outside the clubhouse, such as long time season ticket holder Edwina Collett, have embraced that attention. "That s what a lot of us come to see besides the game in general," said Collett, who sat is in her field level seat on Monday night while watching batting practice. "I want to see him break the record like a lot of people do. It doesn t matter to me. Nothing has been proven as far as his steroid use. Not all fans in attendance supported Bonds on his quest to become baseball's all-time home run leader. Gloria Roa believes the reported steroid use in Game of Shadows, which indicated Bonds knowingly took performanceenhancing drugs from Victor Conte, the founding president of Bay Area Laboratories Co-Operative (BALCO), is a sign of guilt. "I don t really think he deserves all the accolades that he s getting right now," said Roa, 38, of Redwood City. "I do feel that he has cheated, that he s taken substances that have helped his performance. Although they may not be banned [by Major League Baseball] I really do feel that he s done this the wrong way. First-year Giants manager Bruce Bochy knows Bonds may not be able to swing the bat as effectively as he once did, but that the seven-time National League Most Valuable Player still has the ability to strike fear in the hearts of opposing pitchers. Through 58 games, Bonds has drawn 64 walks and cranked out 13 homeruns. He has struck out 26 times, a sure sign Bochy believes Bonds still has a good eye at the plate. "We can't forget this guy is approaching 43," Bochy said before Monday s game to reporters in the dugout. "To expect him to swing the way that he did when he was in his prime, I think we're asking a little too much here. I know the bar has been set so high with Barry and the fact of the matter is he is getting a little bit older and he needs more rest. He's going to miss a few more pitches than he did in his prime but he still can hit the ball a long way." Fans and Major League Baseball officials will continue to watch as Bonds makes his push for history. Experts have predicted it could happen near the end of July. Fainaru-wada said when that day comes, reality will be out the window. Said Fainaru-Wada: "Clearly there is a celebration going on in the Bay Area and the team is going to celebrate his success, but it is somewhat clouded by the reality." 7

8 THE LATINO REPORTER A RUN FOR THE RECORD The Bonds saga: Attraction or distraction? THE LATINO REPORTER 8 Latino Reporter photographer Danny Rodriguez and reporter Mark Suarez spent Monday at AT&T Park in San Francisco to capture Barry Bonds historic quest for the Major League Baseball home run record. 9

9 Reclutadores buscan sólo talento Por Mariana Muñiz Lara DICE un dicho, hoy por ti, mañana por mí. Este es el caso de Román Sierra. Hace diez años, Sierra participó del Proyecto para Estudiantes en la Convención Anual de la Asociación Nacional de Periodistas Hispanos (NAHJ) e hizo contactos en la Exposición de Medios y Carrera para conseguir un internado. Hoy, como reclutador de Bloomberg News, espera ayudar a otros jóvenes a alcanzar lo mismo pero él, igual que los demás entrevistadores, buscan talento, no importa su origen étnico, pero si hablan español mejor. Todos los años, recogemos aquí solicitudes para internados y trabajo, y hace falta, porque hay una necesidad grandísima de periodistas de noticias financieras que hablen español, señaló Sierra. Añadió que buscan profesionales especializados en negocios para su canal de televisión en español, que se transmite en 18 países latinoamericanos. También les interesa reclutar para su canal en inglés, reporteros que tengan experiencia en televisión, aunque no en finanzas, pues reconocen que a nivel académico se ofrece poco entrenamiento en este campo. Foto / Mariana Muñiz Arriba, Román Sierra le da los últimos toques a su lugar de trabajo para recibir a los invitados de la convención. Al lado, Melissa Jordán prepara la información que estará accesible a los universitarios. El productor de Bloomberg News recomendó a los visitantes que sean muy abiertos y no les de vergüenza preguntar. Hay tanto en esta convención que las personas tienden a cohibirse. Internados, empleos para principiantes y posiciones para avanzar profesionalmente en el periodismo son algunos de los ofrecimientos que tienen decenas de medios de comunicación de Estados Unidos en la Exposición, que comenzó hoy en el Centro de Convenciones de San José. Melissa Jordan, reclutadora del San José Mercury News, exhortó a los asistentes a visitar todos los puestos, aunque no estén seguros si quieren trabajar en esos medios. No obstante, el reclutador de Pappas Telecasting, Roger Gadley resaltó que los interesados deben ser específicos al indicar a qué puesto aspiran, porque si no, su información se pierde. Informó que, actualmente, tienen posiciones de reporteros, anclas y productores disponibles en varias de las 27 estaciones de la compañía. EL REPORTERO LATINO CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ

10 EL REPORTERO LATINO CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ Busca escenarios teatro hispano Eliza Marina Alvarado Por Martha G. Flores Pérez A PESAR de que la población latina crece en todas partes de Estados Unidos, el impacto del teatro hispano sufre todavía de poca representación. Conocedores sobre el tema aseguran que en estos días hay más necesidad de teatro y de actores bilingües que puedan crear personajes latinos en obras artísticas. En San José (California), existe Teatro Visión, una de las pocas compañías culturales que promueve el teatro como una experiencia única con un mensaje universal. El teatro es una arma de conciencia, manifestó Eliza Marina Alvarado, directora creativa de la compañía teatral. Esta compañía produce tres obras anualmente, dos de las tres ya realizadas fueron en español con supertítulos para la audiencia no hispano-parlante. La importancia de presentar historias que han sido negadas u olvidadas es prioridad para esta comunidad artística, comentó Alvarado. Alternativo con sonido diferente Por Martha G. Flores Pérez LA MÚSICA es un lenguaje universal, sin embargo, no todos los géneros son conocidos y uno de los menos es la música alternativa en español. Antes el género sólo incluía lo que se considera metal pesado, pero ahora el término de alternativo latino cubre una variedad de componentes musicales como el rock, electrónica, punk, funk y hip hop. La música alternativa se diferencia entre las variedades de géneros que los músicos usan, como la base de rock u otro elemento y añaden sus propia influencia folklórica de sus respectivos países de origen o culturas. Morvius, un grupo de Texas, que por casi ocho años han sobrevivido con ese género musical. El grupo cantan en español y la prioridad de ellos es conquistar al publico de su localidad antes de alcanzar mayores logros. Aun siendo mexicanos, el grupo es de Dallas y nos consideramos una banda de acá. Entonces es importante para El cantante principal de la banda Morvius. nosotros que la gente nos conozca más aquí, dijo Anwar, baterista del grupo. Explicó que comparado con bandas que sólo tocan en ingles, los músicos latinos alternativos tienen menos oportunidades de triunfar a nivel nacional. Según Melvin Ortiz. de la revista alternativa, Al borde, para que una banda pueda ser oída tiene que hacerse medio pop, porque la radio no los toca por el miedo de perder clientela. En Estados Unidos, lo que más se vende en el mercado musical latino es lo regional, que incluye texmex, acompañado por pop y reggaetón. Es difícil lograr la atención de disqueras, dijo. Agregó que no obstante siguen naciendo bandas locales las cuales usan la tecnología para promocionarse y producirse como independientes. Indicó que también existen sitios de Internet como my space y you tube que son utilizados como distribuidores de sus producciones. A pesar de la iniciación individual, Anwar señaló que uno de los mayores obstáculos en esta trayectoria musical ha sido encontrar lugares para tocar. La comunidad que aprecia esta música existe, tal como el Café SolArt, en Santa Ana, California, una comunidad que apoya a varios músicos locales al aportarles espacio para sus presentaciones. La escena en Los Ángeles es el nido de mayor concentración de bandas alternativas latinas. Más ahora, que la pasión a este género se ha organizado para crear la Conferencia de música Alternativa Latina (LAMC por siglas en ingles). Este género es algo distinto a lo popular para la nueva generación de latinos. Conocedores sobre el tema aseguran que en estos días hay más necesidad de teatro y de actores bilingües que puedan crear personajes latinos en obras artísticas Asimismo, está el Repertorio Español y Teatro Thalia en Nueva York. Estas dos compañías teatrales también se preocupan por el mantenimiento del idioma español en las nuevas generaciones. René Buch, director artístico del Repertorio, opinó que muchos de los hispanos de segunda generación pierden el idioma por eso nosotros hemos sembrado un interés por el teatro clásico de primera. Esta compañía actualmente esta produciendo diez obras que alternan cada noche. Los actores están en varias producciones durante la temporada. Además, las obras son hechas en español o inglés, con traducciones que son transmitidas por un sistema de audio. Parecemos la unión panamericana por la diversidad de actores y edades. Tenemos actores y publico de todos los países latinoamericanos, afirmo Buch. Mientras, el Teatro Thalia presenta la rica cultura y diversidad de todos los países hispano-parlantes dijo Ángel Gil, director artístico y ejecutivo de esa compañía. Durante audiciones es sumamente importante para Gil que el actor sea bilingüe. Indicó no ser partidario de la mezcla de idiomas. El actor bilingüe debe hablar muy bien ambos idiomas, afirmó Gil, quien agregó que las producciones son obras traducidas que cobran vida con los actores para que el publico pueda apreciarlas. Fin a campaña pro inmigrantes América Arias LLENO de esperanza y con una meta en mente, Eduardo Piolín Sotelo, el locutor del programa de radio más escuchado en California, completa este jueves la campaña pro-inmigrantes sin visas. La cruzada la inició a través de su programa Piolín por la Mañana, en de la emisora La Nueva F, enfocada en orientar a los indocumentados que desean legalizarse en este país. Por varios meses, la campaña Por la reforma migratoria con Piolín, hizo un llamado a toda la comunidad hispana para recaudar un millón de cartas en apoyo a su causa. Las cartas están dirigidas al presidente George W. Bush, al Senado y a la Cámara de Representantes de los Estados Unidos que pide una reforma comprensiva y justa, afirmó Georgia Carrera, directora de relaciones públicas de la emisora. Carrera dio a conocer las metas de esta iniciativa del popular locutor y de las acciones que están tomando para que la Casa Blanca escuche sus suplicas. Este es un proyecto que nos permite la ley hacer en Estados Unidos de forma pacífica para demostrar que merecemos una oportunidad para estar realmente en este país donde tenemos trabajo, pagamos impuestos y damos servicio a la comunidad, dijo la portavoz de La Nueva Carrera también señaló que al locutor Sotelo le preocupa mucho el tema de la indocumentados porque muchas familias hispanas son separadas cuando alguno de sus padres son deportados por las autoridades migratorias. Sotelo vino a los Estados Unidos como indocumentado en Él conoce la necesidad de personas que salen de su trabajo o de sus casas con temor de ser deportados cuando lo único que quieren es mantener a sus hijos, comentó la gerente de relaciones publicas. Carrera señaló que esta es una campaña del pueblo porque son ellos quienes hacen las marchas, escriben las cartas y hacen llamadas telefónicas a los congresistas con gran éxito. La campaña comenzó el pasado domingo en Los Ángeles y culmina este jueves en la capital de Washington donde el Piolín y sus seguidores le entregaran a los congresistas las más de un millón de cartas que reunieron.

11 FOTO / GUSTAVO MARTÍNEZ CONTRERAS Gustavo Martínez Contreras DESDE un maní hasta una casa, todo se encuentra en Flea Market de San José, conocido por los hispanos de la ciudad como La Pulga. Sin embargo, a casi 50 años de su apertura, está a punto de cerrar sus puertas y con eso llevarse al olvido las memorias y la diversión de muchos latinos. El Flea Market ha sido toda una vida de trabajo duro, de lucha para sacar adelante a mi familia y darle carrera a mis hijos, dijo Salomón Romero, que cuenta ya con 20 años de trabajo en el lugar. Aquí las familias hispanas encuentran productos a precios accesibles y se reúnen a pasar los fines de semana. Sin embargo, aseguró el comerciante, hay una baja en la clientela que afecta a todos los negociantes Ebullición en la pulga desde los atentados terroristas del 11 de septiembre de 2001 y los rumores del cierre inminente del lugar son sólo el colofón de la debacle que actualmente padece el mercado. A pesar de esto, aún hay quienes encuentran en el pulguero las reminiscencias de la tierra que un día dejaron atrás para venir a Estados Unidos en busca de oportunidades. Aquí es como un mercado mexicano y por eso venimos, dijo José Juárez, quien emigró de Oaxaca, México, hace ocho años. En La Pulga hay frutas, verduras y hasta el entretenimiento que lo hacen sentir a uno como si estuviera en casa aunque esté tan lejos. Y es que al caminar por los pasillos que albergan a los poco más de 2,000 locales de esta plaza, se evocan en unos sabores y distancias hechas recuerdos vívidos gracias a los aromas de la fruta fresca y los vegetales. De la fábrica a la cátedra Por María del Mar Cintrón DE UNA simple obrera en una factoría de Nueva York, Mildred García pasó a ser la primera mujer latina en estar al mando de una universidad del estado, en Carson, California. Dos años después de la muerte de su padre las carencias en el hogar de García incrementaron y a sus 14 años comenzó a trabajar. Mi familia vino a los Estados Unidos como la mayoría buscando un mejor futuro. Y aunque eramos pobres nunca faltó el amor, afirmó García, quien se dedicó a laborar en una fábrica. Su padre, quien se dedicaba a las ventas le brindó la mejor educación que sus recursos le permitieron. Esa fue la mejor decisión que pude tomar pues sólo así entendí que no quería dedicar mi vida a laborar allí. Quería ser algo más., recordó García, de padres puertorriquenos pero nacida en Brooklyn a optar por buscar una mejor educación. Se graduó de la escuela Mildred García superior con mucha voluntad de ser universitaria. Ingresó en New York City Community Collage, donde obtuvo el grado de bachiller en Administración de Empresas. En esa etapa trabajaba y luego en el salón de clases, el cansancio era su amigo fiel. La ruta académica ya estaba marcada. Hizo dos maestrías y un doctorado en pedagogía en la Columbia University en Nueva York. Dijo que por ser latina y mujer sufrió múltiple discriminen. Lo que cegó su visión de metas alta. Explicó que muchas veces recibió elogios por su buena pronunciación al inglés. Es como si por ser latina, fuera impedimento hablarlo correctamente. Además soportó escuchar burlas sobre su raza. Eso me dio más fuerzas y ganas de demostrarle a todos lo que era capaz de hacer. Nosotros (los latinos) no podemos demostrar que somos vagos, al contrario tenemos que demostrar que estamos presentes y bien preparados en éste país, aseveró la educadora en entrevista. EL REPORTERO LATINO CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ

12 EL REPORTERO LATINO Los jóvenes indocumentados se ven obligados a pagar la totalidad de sus estudios universitarios debido a que no son elegibles para recibir ayudas financieras federales para sus estudios. Tortuosa ruta del alumno ilegal Por Martha G. Flores Pérez SER UN estudiante indocumentado es la última carta de la baraja. No puede pagar los estudios porque no trabaja y no trabaja porque no tiene permiso. Pero tampoco necesita permiso para estudiar. Por eso su día a día es una verdadera incertidumbre, que se acentúa al iniciar la vida laboral, porque ese implacable mundo que se van a enfrentar no les es explicado ni en la casa ni en la escuela. Siento que no estoy al tanto de lo que me espera, eso no se habla mucho en mi escuela. Y en mi casa tampoco, porque es algo negativo y mis padres evitan abordar problemas negativos, dijo Verónica Hernández, una estudiante de 19 años del South Seattle Community College. Durante sus estudios secundarios, nadie en la escuela se interesó en saber si Hernández tenía o no un estatus legal en este país. Lo único que les importó fue que estudiara. El resultado de todo este dilema es que ella no estaba preparada para el futuro. Al salir de la secundaria, Hernández se dio cuenta era una ilegal más que viví en el silencio, entre los más de 12 millones de ilegales que hay en Estados Unidos. Tengo miedo de que sí hablo mucho, le pueda suceder algo a mi familia y a mi, dijo la joven mexicana. Lo mismo piensa Cristina, otra estudiante de Seattle, que por temor no quiso dar su apellido y para quien, vivir en las sombras ha sido la vida de muchos de estos estudiantes, los cuales tienen que lidiar con la escuela, el trabajo y además encargarse de la familia. El sistema escolar estadounidense no es uniforme. Las municipalidades y los estados tienen reglas diferentes, pero que suelen ser más inflexibles en la medida que el joven inmigrante va subiendo, poco a poco en el sistema. La enseñanza primaria, por ejemplo, es mucho más flexible al inmigrante clandestino que las universidades. Los estudiantes indocumentados no son elegibles para recibir ayuda financiera federal o estatal. No tiene otro chance que pedir becas privadas. Pero algunas de esas becas exigen un número de seguro social, dijo Raúl Anaya, director asistente en la Universidad del estado de Washington. En los últimos meses ha crecido en el país un movimiento a favor del acceso de los indocumentados a la carrera universitaria, que ha abarcado incluso a legisladores federales como el congresista republicano por Miami, Lincoln Díaz-Balart, uno de los propulsores del Dream Act. Estos estudiantes en su extraordinaria mayoría vinieron aquí de niños, no tomaron la decisión de venir indocumentados. La realidad es que los hijos están siendo castigados por la decisión de sus padres. Esos jóvenes la única decisión que han tomado ha sido estudiar, trabajar y ser responsables. Creo que merecen estudiar como cualquier otro joven en Estados Unidos, dijo Díaz-Balart, en exclusiva a. Emergen los Blogs con muchas ñ CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ Gustavo Martínez Contreras PARA Juan Guillermo Tornoe escribir en su blog no es sólo parte de su rutina diaria: es un compromiso. Todas las noches, cuando la familia se duerme, me pongo a trabajar en mi blog, dice Tornoe, guatemalteco avecindado en Austin, Texas, y creador del blog Hispanic Trending. Los blogs dan más información a las personas, dan acceso a muchas cosas que regularmente no se cubren en los medios convencionales, aseguró. Y es que con el incremento en el número de usuarios hispanos de Internet, se viene también una crecida en la diversidad de voces que suenan desde el ciberespacio a través de blogs o bitácoras en la Red. De acuerdo con el estudio The AOL Latino 2006 Hispanic Cyberstudy, hasta hace seis meses navegaban en la Internet más de 16 millones de hispanos. De estos, el 52 por ciento lee o escribe en estos blogs, hecho que, según Tornoe, fomenta la libre expresión de pensamientos y sirve para tener un diálogo. Y es que en la Red se hallan las más variadas opiniones y, como dice el mismo Tornoe, Los blogs dan más información a las personas, dan acceso a muchas cosas que regularmente no se cubren en los medios convencionales. la gente encuentra la información que está buscando. Aunque no hay un censo de los blogs hispanos que existen en la actualidad, se ha visto un florecimiento de estas bitácoras que hablan desde cuestiones personales hasta temas políticos y de actualidad. Sin embargo, el estudio AOL indica que el bloguero latino aún se encuentra dando sus primeros pasos y, a la par de este inicio, hay quienes ya están fijando sus ojos en el potencial de este creciente mercado. Pero el mercado hispano, tal y como sus blogs reflejan, no es tan fácil de entender ni de alcanzar. Cifras dadas a conocer en los reportes Latinos Online y Bloggers: A portrait of the internet s new storytellers, elaborados por el Pew Internet and American Life Project, revelan que aún entre la gran masa hispana que sólo habla español en Estados Unidos, compuesta en su mayoría por inmigrantes mexicanos, apenas una de cada tres personas usan la Internet, alejándolos así de cualquier participación en la denominada democracia digital. Esta situación se ve íntimamente relacionada, dice el estudio, con bajos niveles de educación, poco o nulo manejo del inglés y la falta de familiaridad que tienen los hispanos mayores de 60 años con las nuevas tecnologías.

13 La represión es igual América Arias LOS HISPANOS en Estados Unidos suelen venir de países donde las autoridades policiales tienen una credibilidad casi, sino totalmente, nula. Aquí muchos esperaban encontrar una situación diferente, pero a raíz de las medidas migratorias implementadas por el gobierno federal, tras los atentados del 11 de septiembre, están descubriendo que en Estados Unidos el ambiente no es muy diferente. En California, varios departamentos de policía han comenzado abiertamente a inspirar miedo y recelo entre los inmigrantes después que se supo que se ha atribuido responsabilidades de inmigración a policías comunes y corrientes, muchas veces sin el entrenamiento adecuado especializado e, incluso, los han dotado de la suficiente autoridad para ordenar la deportación de personas. La situación es tan seria, que activistas de inmigración están hablando de un FOTO / AP Un de las recientes redadas de inmigrantes fue realizada en una compañía localizada en Greely, Colorado. daño perenne a la confianza de la comunidad. Atribuirles un rol de agentes de inmigración es muy peligroso. Abre las puertas a la discriminación racial, dijo el abogado y portavoz de la Asociación Americana de Libertades Civiles (ACLU), John de León. Al ex director de la ACLU en la Florida, le preocupa que los policías locales se están olvidando que su prioridad es servir y proteger al público y no inspirar miedo. En las últimas semanas, se reportaron en California varios casos de agentes federales que iniciaron redadas y no se identificaron apropiadamente para entrar a casas y para detener a personas a quienes no buscaban inicialmente. Los agentes, que pertenecían a la Agencia de Inmigración y Aduanas (ICE) y se identificaron simplemente como policías. Fueron arrestadas casi 1,000 personas. Con mucha dificultad un inmigrante reportaría un crimen en su ciudad sin primero temer un arresto o una deportación. Acciones como esta, en vez de llevar la paz a la comunidad terminan siendo una amenaza a la propia comunidad dijo Joe García, vicepresidente de la Nueva Red Demócrata, con sede en Washington. El trabajo primordial de la policía es proteger a la comunidad no asustarla, añadió el activista cubanoamericano. Según la portavoz de californiana de ICE, Virginia Tice, la entidad ha llevado a cabo acciones como la Operación Regreso al Remitente, que hasta hoy deportó a casi 25,000 indocumentados. Pero el nombre mismo de la operación policial refleja un sentimiento de hostil hacia el inmigrante, dijo León. Comprar un ser humano con un paquete de correo que necesita ser devuelto a su lugar de origen, es ofensivo. Viene de la página 1. Usualmente yo soy bien casual, pero también utilizo mis trajes y sombreros, dijo Laramie Triveño, investigadora académica de la Universidad de Stanford, California. Varios vistieron de acuerdo con su lugar de procedencia o su cultura. Por ejemplo, muchos del Medio Oeste americano trajeron sus botas de vaquero. En abundancia estuvieron los que se echaron encimas sus telas más casuales, complementadas con sandalias. Uso ropa comoda, pero como hoy es la actividad de Arnold Schwarzenegger voy a usar un gabán, dijo Alfredo Flores, comunicador del Departamento Agricultura federal. Algunos convencionistas quieren ser bien visuales. Yo trato de proyectar un mensaje bien visual al vestir, dijo Renita Coleman, profesora de la Universidad de Texas, en Austin. Busco vestir mejor que los estudiantes bien llamativo para captar su atención. Un buen ciudadano decidio venir a San José vestido al tono del clima. Me veo fabuloso. Al compas con el clima perfecto. Me siento bien en pantalones cortos y en colores brillantes, comentó Brandon A. Benavides, de Minesota. En tono más serio y elegante, unos se tiraron encima ropajes para ocasión formal. Durante el proceso de registro de los participantes de la convención, se pudo ver comunicadores con gabán y corbata y mucho blazer. No tengo mucha experiencia en asistir a convenciones, por lo cual visto siempre de manera camisa y pantalón formal. A veces es duro... pero trae recompensa, afirmó Alejandro Dominguez, graduado de la Universidad de Texas, El Paso. Escribe ahora para el periódico La Raza, en Seattle, Washington. Vestir como estrella de cine es otra opción, es decir de manera síncretica en lo cultural. Trato de combinar lo contemporaneo con mi cultura, indicó Roberto Enriquez, actor de la película Hungry Woman que estrena durante las convención NAHJ. Vino vestido con botas de pico de avestruz, mahones y camiseta con estampado de un televisor plasma. EL REPORTERO LATINO Visado complica a colegiales Adriana Arvizo AÑO tras año el gobierno de Estados Unidos le proporciona visas a los estudiantes que deciden continuar sus estudios universitarios en este país. Qué sucede con estos estudiantes al termino de su carrera? Una vez aceptado en la universidad el estudiante recibe del consulado americano los permisos correspondientes como la I-20 y la F-1 que son los documentos que identifican su legalidad en el país. Al igual que los demás estudiantes -ciudadanos o residentes- acuden a sus clases y cumplen exactamente con los mismos deberes, aprendiendo el idioma y contribuyendo a la comunidad universitaria. Concluida sus carreras universitarias, los estudiantes internacionales tienen un año para trabajar legalmente en Estados Unidos bajo el permiso de Prácticas y Entrenamiento Opcional (OPT por sus siglas en Inglés). Al año deben solicitar para la visa TN (canadienses y mexicanos) o H1B (empleados temporales). Si no la obtienen deben abandonar el país, debido a que existe una cantidad especifica de expedición de visas para profesionales. Son muchos los estudiantes que no consiguen el permiso de inmigración. Samuel González, estudiante de Ingeniería Mecánica, mexicano y ex presidente de la Sociedad de Alumnos de la Universidad de Texas, en El Paso (UTEP), opinó que se deberian de expedir más visas para profesionales graduados. Si ya nos dieron la oportunidad de estudiar aquí, por que no nos dan la oportunidad de demostrarles que podemos hacer mucho por la comunidad, opinó González. El ser estudiante bilingüe y bicultural te cotiza más en el mercado laboral, finalizó. Helen Stevens, directora de la Oficina de Servicios y Programas Internacionales en San José State University (SJSU), dijo que siente pena por aquellos estudiantes que desean quedarse y no pueden. Agregó que el 7 por ciento de los estudiantes de la SJSU son internacionales. Dos veces al año recibimos a un abogado en el campus para tratar el tema de las opciones que tienen los estudiantes internacionales después de graduarse, dijo Stevens. Mientras, el abogado Gabriel Jack, especialista en casos de inmigración en San José, afirmó que para este año sólo se expidieron 65,000 visas de trabajo que se acabaron en 2 días. Según Jack, la visa de trabajo cuesta entre $1,500 y $2,150 dependiendo del lugar donde vaya a trabajar. No tiene sentido que el gobierno de Estados Unidos permita que los egresados de sus universidades vuelvan a su país de origen a producir dinero para este, en vez de hacerlo para el que los educó profesionalmente, opinó Jack. Para más información acerca de las visas de trabajo visitar CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ

14 EL REPORTERO LATINO CONVENCIÓN NAHJ SAN JOSÉ INDICE CARRERAS ESCASAS A NIVEL UNIVERSITARIO PÁGINA 2 LA REPRESIÓN ES UNIVERSAL PÁGINA 3 MÚSICA ALTERNATIVA PÁGINA 6 STAFF 2007 REPORTEROS Y FOTÓGRAFOS Adriana Arvizo / University of Texas - El Paso América Arias / California State University, Fullerton Ana Cubías / California State University, Northridge Gustavo Martínez / University of Texas - El Paso Héctor Rosa Figueroa / Universidad del Sagrado Corazón, Puerto Rico Lourdes Solórzano / Universidad de Puerto Rico María del Mar Cintrón / Universidad de Puerto Rico Mariana Muñiz Lara / Universidad de Puerto Rico Martha Flores / University of Washington Marvelia Alpízar / St. Mary of the Woods University Melissa Zayas / Universidad del Sagrado Corazón, Puerto Rico Mónica Radrigan / San Francisco State University Zoe González / Universidad del Sagrado Corazón, Puerto Rico MENTORES Rafael Matos Marvin Fonseca Rui Ferreira Mariángela Linera La noticia multidimensional América Arias LA INCORPORACIÓN de textos, vídeo, audio, fotografías y gráficas interactivas para contar historias es ya la rutina informativa en los principales medios noticiosos. El taller titulado Hands-on Multimedia Storytelling: There s more Than One Way to Tell a Story, instruyó a periodistas en un método de combinar medios múltiples para mejorar la manera de contar historias en medios de televisión o de Internet. El coordinador Robert Hernández y el orador del taller André Jones, mostraron toda la gama de nuevas posibilidades multimedios. Hernández, el coordinador y gerente producción del The Seattle Times, dijo que es ya imperativo que el periodista aprenda a contar historias en distintas dimensiones. Una de las oportunidades más grandes del periodismo multimedios es la habilidad de hacer diferentes opciones de diseño. Sitios de Internet de radio ya están complementando su audio con fotos y texto, explicó Hernández. Dijo, que a su vez, sitios de periódico están representando vídeo y audio en combinación con texto, y estaciones de televisión están suplementando sus piezas de vídeo con historias de texto. La norma cada vez más es tratar de producir paquetes de información que aprovechan varios formatos de medios. Jones, dueño de J&J Image Group en Atlanta, opinó que en un futuro muy cercano la televisión desaparecerá y la computadora la reemplazará. La nueva dinámica es que el público tiene ansias de participar en el contenido de los medios y ejercer el derecho de decidir lo que quieren leer, escuchar, mirar o usar. A pesar de estos cambios, Hernández Por Marvelia Alpizar ACTUALMENTE, la representación de estudiantes latinos a nivel universitario en Estados Unidos es poco en comparación con la población de otros grupos étnicos. De igual forma, esta baja tendencia se observa en la carrera de periodismo, la cual no ha tenido una amplia aceptación entre los estudiantes hispanos como carrera universitaria. Un ejemplo de ello podría verse en el estado de California, donde la población de hispano hablantes, tanto de segunda como tercera generación suma más del 50%, de los cuales la mayoría no tienen interés por la carrera de periodismo. Según William Briggs, director de la Escuela de Periodismo y FOTO / MARIANA MUNÍZ La integración de las cámaras de video a los medios de comunicación es una de las formas de darle a la noticia un nuevo ángulo visual. asegura los fundamentos del periodismo siguen siendo la base del trabajo. La manera de dar información sigue Medios de Comunicación de la Universidad Estatal de San José, una de las razones por las cuales estudiantes pertenecientes a grupos minoritarios no ven el periodismo como una carrera importante, se debe a la escasez de información sobre hispanos en los medios de comunicación dominantes de Estados Unidos. [Los medios anglosajones] no llevan a cabo un buen trabajo en la cobertura o representación de los grupos étnicos, dijo Briggs. Mientras, Maritza Mota, estudiante de periodismo en la Universidad St. Mary of the Woods, en Indiana, comentó que el crecimiento de la población latina esta cambiando la política y la sociedad de los Estados Unidos. Como periodistas latinos, tenemos que conocer nuestro papel para poder informar y cubrir noticias, no sólo de este país sino a lo siendo igual, pero la manera en que se cuentan está cambiando, Hernández aseguró. Participan hispanos en carreras de medios William Briggs director de la Escuela de Periodismo y Medios de Comunicación de la Universidad de San José. largo de América Latina. Los ideales que motivan a aquellos que escogen convertirse en periodistas está basado en su herencia y su papel dentro de la sociedad, ya sea la anglosajona o su grupo minoritario. En la actualidad, las universidades ofrecen diversos programas con la finalidad de atraer más estudiantes, sin importar su grupo étnico. Unos de esos programas es el de la carrera de periodismo a través del WED Program de la Universidad St. Mary of the Woods, en Indiana. Hay otros programas que permiten la obtención de títulos universitarios mediante el sistema de estudios a distancia. Otro programa de periodismo que atrae estudiantes latinos es la especialización secundaria sobre periodismo en español que ofrece CAL State en Northridge.

15 EL PERIÓDICO OFICIAL DE LA CONVENCIÓN DE NAHJ JUEVES, JUNIO 14, San José Por dentro: MULTIMEDIA: DOMINANTE EN LA NAHJ PÁGINA 2 TEATRO HISPANO BUSCA MAYOR IMPACTO PÁGINA 6 RECLUTADORES AFINAN EL OJO PARA EL TALENTO PÁGINA 7 Ley migratoria alza muralla legal Por Mariana Muñiz Lara LA NUEVA vida que están intentando construir 12 millones de inmigrantes ilegales que viven en Estados Unidos se podría derrumbar con el anunciado golpe legislativo contra la nueva política de inmigración, cuya discusión está estancada en el Senado federal. A los que ya estamos aquí y no tenemos antecedentes criminales, a los que vinimos a trabajar nos deben ayudar flexibilizando las normas, no haciéndonos regresar. Una vez que te vayas, no te van a dejar volver, opinó Paula Barrón Gómez, natural de Guanajuato que llegó a California hace un año, tras caminar, junto a su esposo, durante tres días por el desierto. Ambos dejaron en México un hijo de cuatro años. La mexicana de 26 años, le envía $300 a su familia cada mes. Organizaciones que apoyan a los inmigrantes señalan que los requisitos que exige la política esbozada son demasiado onerosos, y provocarían un aumento en el tráfico ilegal. Mientras, los grupos antiinmigrantes se oponen a ésta, porque consideran que busca otorgar una amnistía. La Federation for American Immigration Reform, en su página de Internet FOTO / CONOR SÁNCHEZ Simón Pérez y Miguel Cruz forman parte de los inmigrantes que trabajan en la finca Watsondille de California para poder sustentar a sus familias. señala: La vida del inmigrante se torna dificil al drenar los fondos públicos, crear competencia injusta por empleos con los trabajadores menos preparados y, de esta forma, aminora los salarios y condiciones de trabajo. Barrón Gómez, quien trabaja a tiempo completo en una taquería de San José, piensa que juntar $5,000 para una multa es difícil cuando a uno le quedan apenas $400 después de pagar la renta y los billes. Asimismo, un estudio del Center for Immigration Studies, publicado en el portal encontró que la diferencia entre los impuestos pagados por los inmigrantes y los costos de los servicios que el Estado les brinda representa un déficit fiscal anual de $10 billones para el país. De concederse una amnistía a los ilegales, esta cifra aumentaría a $29 billones. Rubén Flores Calderón, un mexicano de 27 años, oriundo de Veracruz, y quien llegó ilegalmente a California hace tres años, dijo que arriesgar la vida de uno para esto no vale la pena. Añadió que, cada año, paga los impuestos debidos y que nunca ha recibido un servicio del Estado. La reforma propuesta impone una multa de $5,000 a las personas indocumentadas que buscan legalizarse, requiere que los trabajadores regresen a sus países y permanezcan un año por cada dos años que hayan trabajado en Estados Unidos. El National Immigration Forum estima que llegan a Estados Unidos 300,000 a 500,000 indocumentados por año. Comodidad versus elegancia Por Melissa Zayas Moreno UNOS vinieron de playeros. Otros a lo Quinta Avenida. La 25 edición de la convención NAHJ atrajo todo un desfile de modas que van desde lo cómodo y lo práctico hasto lo más ejecutivo. continúa en la página 3. FOTO / MELISSA ZAYAS Laramie Triveño, luce galas de puro color al estilo típico de su país. Otros temas para la Convención de hoy PERIODISMO CIBERNÉTICO/ San José Convention Center, Salón B3, de 2:00-3:30 p.m. TRABAJO EN EQUIPO: REPORTERO-FOTÓGRAFO San José Convention Center, Salón B2 / de 3:45-5:15 p.m. BUSCA EL HUMOR DE LA CONVENCIÓN: DISFRUTE DE MÁS NOTICIAS EN ESPAÑOL

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