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2 Research Yearbook Issue 9 Barcelona Madrid

3 contents Coordination & Edition Albert Mesas Knowledge Management Unit Academic Management Francesc Cribillers Knowledge Management Unit Research and Knowledge Vice-Deanship ESADE Research Yearbook 2013/2014 Printed in Barcelona, 2014 Avda. Pedralbes, E Barcelona Tel ESADE Depósito Legal: B ISSN: Design and print Vänster and Lei Ronda Sant Antoni, 51 Pral-1 E Barcelona Tel Institutional presentation 6 The Organisation of Research: Research Groups, Centres, Institutes and Chairs 10 ESADE Research Figures 16 PhD Program 20 Supporting Research 22 directory 113 research output 23 journal articles 24 Articles in journals with impact factor Articles in refereed and peer reviewed journals Articles in other relevant journals BOOKS and book chapters 64 Books Book Chapters Other contributions CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS AND academic congresses 82 WORKING PAPERS 92 CASES 96 BOOK REVIEWS 104 MONOGRAPHS 100 PhD THESES 104 phd programme contributions 108 awards and other acollades 112

4 institutional presentation institutional presentation It is with great pleasure that I present the edition of the ESADE RESEARCH YEARBOOK. It contains a summary of the contribution to research made by the ESADE academic community over the past year, and includes research information, as well as details on knowledge creation and knowledge improvement in the fields of both management and law. Our commitment to intellectual contribution through education and research centres on training, not only competent, but also socially responsible professionals, on creating knowledge relevant to improving organisations and communities, and on contributing to the social debate with the object of a freer, fairer and more prosperous society. At ESADE, research is one of our most important activities. As always, the ESADE RESEARCH YEARBOOK is aimed at the academic, business and legal communities. I trust that you will find it both useful, and stimulating, and on behalf of ESADE, I would like to thank you for consulting our Yearbook. Eugenia Bieto Director General ESADE 6 7

5 DEAN presentation DEAN presentation Research and teaching are the two core activities of academic institutions. New knowledge is generated through research, instilled in the classroom through teaching, and disseminated in the public domain to improve practice. Knowledge often progresses in slow, methodical steps, yet can also leap forward unexpectedly, or even reverse course and contract. Under scrutiny, knowledge is filled with holes, cracks, gaps and fuzzy limits. Scientific boundaries are everything but well-defined, static or certain. It is in this respect that teaching and research are complementary. The most effective educators understand the limitations of their knowledge, the boundaries of their discipline, and the shortcomings of the science. They can simultaneously impart what they know with confidence, and marvel at what is unknown with poise and assurance. This ESADE Research Yearbook is testimony to the hard work of ESADE researchers that explore the frontiers of managerial and legal scholarship and practice. By contributing to the greater social good of knowledge, our research ensure ESADE s continued relevance and impact in these rapidly moving fields. I thank you for your interest in ESADE and invite you to explore the exceptional contributions presented in this Research Yearbook. Jonathan Wareham Dean of Faculty and Research ESADE Business & Law Schools 8 9

6 the organisation of research the organisation of research Research Groups, Centres, Institutes and ChairS ESADE BRAND INSTITUTE ESADE ENTREPRENEURSHIP INSTITUTE EEI INSTITUTE FOR INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IIK OBSERVATORY OF SPANISH MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES OEME CHAIR IN LEADERSHIPS AND DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE FUTURE OF WORK CHAIR Research Group on Brand and Consumption GRECOMAR INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL INNOVATION IIS Entrepreneurship Research Group GRIE INSTITUTE FOR FORENSIC EVIDENCE AND PROVATIVE LAW IPDP Research Group on Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning GRACO INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT IGDP RESEARCH GROUP ON LEGAL GUIDELINES AND SOCIAL CHANGE RESEARCH GROUP ON MEDIATION, ARBITRATION LAW AND FAMILY THE JEAN MONNET CHAIR AT ESADE Research Group on Corporate Social Responsability GRRSE Forensic Evidence and Probative Law Research Group Research Group in Leadership and Innovation in Public Management GLIGP RESEARCH GROUP ON TOURISM MANAGEMENT GRUGET INSTITUTE OF LABOUR STUDIES IEL ESADE CENTER FOR GLOBAL ECONOMY AND GEOPOLITICS ESADEGEO LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTRE GLEAD BUSINESS NETWORK DYNAMICS BuNeD GROUP FOR RESEARCH IN ECONOMICS AND FINANCE GREF RESEARCH GROUP ON KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING GREC 10 11

7 the organisation of research Research Groups CHAIRS CENTRES Business Network Dynamics Research Group (BuNeD) Research Group on Mediation, Arbitration, Law and Family Chair in LeadershipS and Democratic Governance ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics (ESADEgeo) The group s research focuses primarily on the study of how organisations establish, build and manage business networks with their partners and also on the dynamics involved in the development, growth and demise of such networks. The group conducts analysis at different levels (group, company and sector), from a multidisciplinary perspective: operations; supply chain; information systems; marketing; organisational theory. The members of the group use both qualitative and quantitative methods and, in particular, lay emphasis on models and methods developed for social network analysis: multidimensional scaling; cluster analysis; graphic representation techniques; multilevel, redundant analysis. There are on two major research lines inside the group: New family models and their legal implications: reconstituted or step families; marriage, adoption and homosexuality; family protocol as a necessity in light of the new family models, and the young/elderly in current society. Family mediation: An analysis of the current situation regarding family mediation in our country, potential interregional problems and the skills and competencies of family mediators. Teresa Duplá Marín, Coordinator This Chair takes up the challenge of studying and promoting innovative ways of leadership that are appropriate to our complex environments. It also studies leadership as a means of promoting progress, welfare and cohesion in contemporary society through a threefold entrepreneurial, social and political approach aimed at forging links between these three fields, in addition to analysing the respective institutional frameworks. Many ESADE faculty members participate in this Chair, together with researchers and leading figures involved in business, politics and social initiatives. Angel Castiñeira Fernández, Director The ESADEgeo Center aims to become an international benchmark in the study of economic globalisation and global governance The center produces research and practical knowledge, addressed the various social actors: governments, companies and civil society organizations. It also disseminates and creates opportunities for the application of that knowledge; aimed at institutional strengthening and developing the various actors organisational capacities. Fco. Javier Solana Madariaga, President Cristina Gimenez Thompsen, Coordinator Economics and Finance Research Group (GREF) This group promotes research in the fields of finance and economics, which cover a wide range of areas of macroeconomics, international economics, corporate finance, risk management and capital markets. GREF s main objective lies in facilitating the creation and dissemination of highlevel research at ESADE and, at the same time, increasing its visibility and relevance to the academic community in general. Its main areas of research are: market microstructure; accounting research in capital markets; corporate finance; credit risk; differences in productivity; growth and public policies; domestic and international spillovers. Research Group on Legal Guidelines and Social Change The research group is devoted to field studies on social development in an area determined by the law, exploring empirical indices to diagnose the need, improvement or utility of the law in order to optimise individual and social results. Among other group research interests there are: the critical review of the role and value of traditional institutions for the law, the analysis of the different alternatives of the law with respect to social reality, including historical law and comparative law and the study and advice on improving legal regulations and legal institutions in general. The group hosts the Observatory for Quality and Effectiveness of Laws (OCEL) to promote critical and neutral analysis of the legal system s maintenance and renewal. Future of Work Chair The FWC main objective is to translate future trends in the world of work into core research, teaching and executive education activities. Also to help organizations transform their culture to support the new trends at work via the development of tools and methodologies to affect culture transformation. The chair will collaborate towards the development of new ideas for enhancing productivity and wellbeing in the new world of work (via research, debates, Talent Laboratory Forum, and other initiatives), and aims to create a global network/ consortium with global business leaders, academics and political leaders. Simon Dolan, Director Leadership Development Research Centre (GLEAD) The mission of the centre is to create new knowledge and insight that deepens the understanding of outstanding leadership and the competencies that support it and make people engage wholeheartedly at work. The research lines are: Individual Emotional and Social Competencies, Group Emotional and Social Competencies, and Coaching and Development of Emotional and Social Competencies. Joan M. Batista-Foguet, Director Observatory on Spanish Multinational Companies (OEME) Ariadna Dumitrescu, Coordinator Knowledge Engineering Research Group (GREC) This research group includes researchers from ESADE and Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Since its inception, the group s multidisciplinary component has enabled it to work both in basic and applied research. Its main activity focuses on research and the development of techniques in the area of artificial intelligence. The objectives of GREC s research at ESADE revolve around two axes: the development of methodologies related with artificial intelligence in unstructured environments (incomplete, imperfect and/or inaccurate); the application of these methodologies in related fields of decision making, finance and marketing. Núria Agell Jané, Coordinator Sergio Llebaría Samper, Coordinator Research Group on Tourism Management (GRUGET) This research group aims to create knowledge in the field of sustainable management for businesses and tourist destinations, and to promote exchanges between all the agents involved. The group is multidisciplinary and global in scope and, therefore, external collaborations are international. Its research areas include social marketing, innovation, quality management and management indicators. Transversely, its research is oriented towards the use of information systems, the economic impact on society and on the territory/region in question, and the use of innovative research methodologies such as qualitative reasoning. Mar Vila Fernández-Santacruz, Coordinator The Jean Monnet Chair at ESADE The Jean Monnet Chair at ESADE Law School is a project for teaching, research and social debate on European Union (EU) law and European integration. European Commission, co-funds this Chair. The Chair promotes the internationalisation of ESADE Law School by doing research on this these main lines: Reform of the economic and monetary union and design of a political union. Power distribution models between the EU and its member states. EContract law and European Integration. Also organising debates on current topics such as European contract law, European legal architecture, new norms and institutions of economic governance in the wake of the euro crisis, and the relationship between Spain s autonomous communities and the EU. José M. de Areilza Carvajal, Director The OEME studies the opportunities and challenges affecting companies in advanced stages of internationalisation. It also aims to contribute towards identifying and disseminating good practices, working closely with the companies themselves, and is presented as an open platform for the exchange of experiences and knowledge between companies and institutions that promote foreign investment projects. Xavier Mendoza Mayordomo, Director 12 13

8 the organisation of research INSTITUTES ESADE Brand Institute Institute for Innovation and Knowledge Management (IIK) Institute of Public Governance and Management (IGDP) The purpose of the Brand Institute works on relevant issues and facilitates decision-making processes that affect brands. Doing that, with the use of solid research and analysis tools to provide practical and effective solutions. The Institute also focuses on creating new knowledge on brands and their management, and on disseminating this knowledge among the business sector and academia. The centre s research covers two main areas: a more generalist approach to management and brand strategies, on the one hand, and thematic research into their specific application, on the other. Oriol Iglesias Bedós, Director ESADE Entrepreneurship Institute (EEI) The purpose of this institute is to understand the creation of knowledge and innovation. A crossdisciplinary team dedicated to understanding the sources, mechanisms and consequences of innovation: where it comes from; how it is diffused and adopted; and how it affects individual, social, and economic structures when in use. The main research topics include open innovation, scientific discovery and technology transfer, platform and ecosystem design, sustainable technologies and systems of use, open government and democratizing technologies, as well as a variety of trends within serious games, policy simulation, quasi-experimentation and sociotechnical ethnography.linked to IIK, Learning, Knowledge and Organization Research Group (GRACO) is doing research on knowledge creation in the areas of research and innovation management; knowledge transfer; knowledge in organisations; research into inter-organisational relationships and networks. The Institute focuses its activity on government and public sector organisations. The Institute s lines of activity include public management training, research and social debate on different areas of management, and public administration. This institute s mission is based on a marked commitment to innovation in the public sector in terms of modernising and improving public administrations. The Research Group in Leadership and Innovation in Public Management (GLIGP), linked to IGDP, conducts research in the theoretical framework of governance, based on two major themes: public, democratic leadership to enhance institutional development; and the analysis of networks, transversality, collaborations and partnerships in innovation in governance. Albert Serra Matín, Director This institute promotes relevant and rigorous research in entrepreneurship. IIE focuses on eight areas of research, which are: entrepreneurship; female entrepreneurs; corporate entrepreneurship; corporate intrapreneurship; creativity; growth and internationalisation; entrepreneurial finance; family businesses. Linked to IIE, the Research Group in Entrepreneurship (GRIE) aims to contribute to producing knowledge on entrepreneurship in the hope of promoting the creation of sustainable and innovative businesses. Luisa Alemany Gil, Director Jonathan Wareham, Director Institute of Labour Studies (IEL) This research unit focuses its activity on creating scientific and technical knowledge for work environments that facilitate the creation of added value based on individuals knowledge. IEL is working on the strategic line of how to produce a shift towards a knowledge society, using an employment model based on professional qualifications, quality of life, respect for the dignity of work and a sustainable growth environment. Institute of Forensic Evidence and Probative Law (IPDP) Carlos Obeso Abalde, Director The IPDP s aims are to analyze the theoretical and practical aspects of forensic evidence and probative law; to train professionals related with the Administration of Justice in forensic evidence and probative law; to provide informed opinion and propose criteria; to encourage research in this area. The three main research lines are the following: one dedicated to the civil proceedings; a second line on new technologies used in probative law; and, most recently, the third one involved with criminal proceedings. The IPDP publishes a quarterly magazine, Cuadernos de Probática y Derecho Probatorio. Xavier Abel Lluch, Director Institute for Social Innovation (IIS) The Institute for Social Innovation encourages and supports research aimed at promoting management skills in the third sector. Its various programmes focus on the study of three main lines: the integration of CSR into business strategy and the relationship with stakeholders; leadership and management of NGOs; social entrepreneurships. The Research Group on Corporate Social Responsibility (GRRSE), linked to IIS, investigates the processes involved in strategically redefining the relations between company and stakeholders as the linchpin for the debate on corporate responsibility in society. Ignasi Carreras Fisas, Director 14 15

9 the organisation of research ESADE RESEARCH FIGURES 16 17

10 esade research figures ESADE RESEARCH FIGURES DISTRIBUTION OF RESEARCH PROJECTS academic output 19 research units 13 Units recognised as a Catalan Research Group (SGR AGAUR - Generalitat de Catalunya) 7 Institutes 6 Research Groups 19 Projects PUBLICATION / YEAR Centres 3 Chairs Articles in Refereed Journals Articles in other Relevant Journals research units participants Books Type of Funding Competitive Non competitive 44 PROJECTS Books Chapters Congress Contributions and Conference Proceedings Conferences and Invited Lectures Working Papers Researcher 39 Research Assistant 107 Professor / Researcher 21 Research Technicians and Managers Cases and Technical Notes PROJECTS 18 PROJECTS 43 PROJECTS Book Reviews Monographs PhD Theses funding External funding In-house funding Source of Funding Public Private Public & Private Articles in Refereed Journals % 64% ,632,000 37% 36% 63% ,367,000 64% ,125,000 41% 29% 59% 71% ,735, ,153, PROJECTS 21 PROJECTS 34 PROJECTS YEAR Articles with IF Phd THESES Phd PROGRAM CONTRIBUTIONS Scope National European International % Articles with IF 33% 57% 44% 55% 67% 66% Average IF

11 Phd program PhD PROGRAM ESADE research-oriented programmes: MRes and PhD in Management Sciences MRes and PhD programmes directly involved in ESADE research ESADE Business School offers two research-oriented programmes: The Master of Research and the PhD in Management Sciences. Student who wish to read for a PhD are initially registered as MRes. The MRes is the foundational coursework for the PhD. There is a specific admission process for students who have already completed the taught part of a PhD (MRes or equivalent). These two degrees are open to graduates from various disciplines (Management, Economics, Engineering, Psychology, Sociology and other disciplines related to Management) who are highly motivated, enthusiastic about the creation of new knowledge, and interested in pursuing an international career in research. Master of Research in Management Sciences (MRes). Full-time one-year programme (60 ECTS credits). Academic objectives of the research oriented programmes: 1 To acquire a solid base in quantitative and qualitative research techniques. 2 To attain in-depth knowledge and a critical and creative overview of a specific management sciences research field. 3 To effectively and clearly communicate orally and in writing in research environments. 4 To be trained to manage research projects, groups and research-oriented institutions. ESADE is aware that the quality of a business school s PhD programme directly influences its reputation. The PhD in Management Sciences has positioned itself as one of Spain s leading doctoral programmes on management. The Spanish Ministry of Education has awarded ESADE its Towards Excellence distinction, which recognises doctoral degree courses at Spanish universities for their scientific, technical and educational excellence. The important points considered to award this distinction are: the efficiency of thesis management, the number and quality of publications derived from theses, the level of internationalisation of the research conducted including the placement of doctoral students at foreign universities and the participation of visiting lecturers. Since the academic year, ESADE has been assigning all its MRes and PhD candidates to one of its research units for their research period. This ensures that doctoral theses follow ESADE research lines, and this has a direct effect on thesis quality. Every year, each unit s research seminar includes close monitoring of the progress of all PhD and MRes candidates research projects. The following chart shows the distribution of current PhD candidates in research units and the thesis defended during the academic year Doctorate candidates participation in research groups and their collaboration in research projects have significantly increased their contribution to ESADE s scientific production. This has meant a considerable increase in the visibility of our PhD programme in terms of publication of its research results both at congresses and in international journals. PhD in Management Sciences. Full-time 3 year programme. Our PhD candidates has spent research periods in the following research institutions: University California Berkeley, USC University of South California, Georgia State University, HEC Lausanne, Case Weatherhead School of Management, Wharton- University of Pennsylvania, Carey Business School at Arizona State University and Haas Business School, Berkeley. Our PhD alumni work in top universities, business schools and research institutions around the world. Some of the recent placements have been in Copenhagen Business School (Denmark), Instituto de Empresa (Spain), University College London (UK), University of Victoria (Canada) and Vrije University (The Netherlands). This year 9 candidates have been graduated from the MRes programme and 5 PhD candidates graduated from the PhD programme. Candidates on these research programmes are noted for their international and/or multicultural profiles, as can be seen in the following chart: Breakdown of MRes and PhD candidates graduated within academic year ( ) 5 To be equipped to take on intellectually demanding positions in the main academic and research institutions in industry, consultancy and public services. 15 % Latin America 7 % 7 % 7 % 7 % USA 21 % Europe Spain Italy Germany 7 % Africa 50 % Asia PUBLICATION / YEAR Thesis defended 1 st year 2 nd year 3 rd year +3 rd year BuNeD ESADEGEO 2 GLEAD GREC 1 1 GRECOMAR GREF 1 2 FWC IGDP 1 1 IIE IIK IIS OEME Breakdown of current PhD candidates by research unit and defended theses within academic year 20 21

12 supporting research SUPPORTING RESEARCH One of the main strategic uses of private contributions is research in the fields of law and management. Promoting the creation of knowledge means contributing to intellectual debate, one of the hallmarks of an academic institution of international excellence. Thanks to all the individuals, companies and organisations which, through their economic support, help to make our research and educational projects possible: assembly of TRUSTEES ABERTIS ACCENTURE AGROLIMEN ALFA CONSULTING ALLIANZ ARAMARK BUDGET BANCO SABADELL BBVA CÁMARA OFICIAL DE COMERCIO, INDUSTRIA Y NAVEGACIÓN DE BARCELONA CAPRABO CEMENTOS MOLINS COCA COLA IBERIAN PARTNERS CAIXABANK DESIGUAL DANONE DELOITTE ELECNOR ESADE ALUMNI ESTEVE EVERIS EY FLUIDRA FREIXENET FUJITSU FUNDACIÓN BANCO SABADELL FUNDACIÓN CAJA DE INGENIEROS FUNDACIÓN DAMM FUNDACIÓN JESÚS SERRA / GRUPO CATALANA OCCIDENTE FUNDACIÓN PUIG FUNDACIÓN PWC FUNDACIÓN REPSOL FUNDACIÓN RAMÓN ARECES GAS NATURAL FENOSA GRUPO MAHOU SAN MIGUEL IBERPOTASH IBM ISS FACILITY SERVICES KPMG METALOGENIA MIGUEL TORRES NESTLÉ ESPAÑA OBRA SOCIAL LA CAIXA PENTEO ICT ANALYST REIG PATRIMONIA ROCA CORPORACIÓN EMPRESARIAL SANTANDER SEAT TOUS WERFEN GROUP RESEARCH OUTPUT Companies and foundations that contribute to research projects and to the foundational purpose Senior Partners AGROLIMEN BBVA ESADE ALUMNI FUNDACIÓN PWC FUNDACIÓN REPSOL OBRA SOCIAL LA CAIXA SANTANDER Partners ABB ABERTIS BANCO SABADELL BID DANONE ECOSYSTÈME EVERIS FUNDACIÓ BARCELONA CULTURA FUNDACIÓ LLUIS CARULLA PROMARCA WISE collaborators ACCIÓ AEBRAND BCG BCN ACTIVA CAIXABANK CUATRECASAS GONÇALVES PEREIRA DELOITTE DKV FUJITSU FUNDACIÓN RAFAEL DEL PINO GOOGLE INVEST IN SPAIN KIC INNOENERGY KPMG LEE HECHT HARRISON MERCER MICROBANK RANDSTAD UCH ZURICH INSURANCE GROUP Other collaborators ANTAI TRADING, APPLUS, CGI, ACRA, AJUNTAMENT DE BARCELONA, ARVATO, COSCO IBERIA, DEPARTAMENT DE BENESTAR SOCIAL I FAMÍLIA, DEPAR- TAMENT D EMPRESA I OCUPACIÓ, DEPARTAMENT DE SALUT, DEPARTAMENT DE TERRITORI I SOSTENIBILITAT DG TRANSPORT I MOBILITAT, DIPUTACIÓ DE BARCELONA, INDRA, GLOBAL ASIA, HAIER EUROPE TRADING, HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES ESPAÑA, HUAYI COMPRESSOR BARCELONA, ICBC EUROPE, INFORMÁTICA EL CORTE INGLÉS, KEEWAY MOTOR ESPAÑA, KING & WOOD MALLESONS SJ BERWIN, LENOVO SPAIN, KERRY LOGISTICS, MEDTRONIC, MINMETALS ESPAÑA, NET CRAMAN ABOGADOS & ASESORES FISCALES, PACTE REGIONAL, PORT DE BARCELONA, SAINZ RAVENTÓS ABOGADOS Y ECONOMISTAS, SUARA COOPERATIVA, FUNDACIÓ CATALANA PER A LA RECERCA I LA INNOVACIÓ, ZTE SPAINA. Companies and foundations that contribute to the scholarship Programme partners ALLIANZ BUDGET DELOITTE FUNDACIÓN BANCO SABADELL FUNDACIÓN CAJA DE INGENIEROS FUNDACIÓN JESÚS SERRA / GRUPO CATALANA OCCIDENTE REIG PATRIMONIA ROCA CORPORACIÓN EMPRESARIAL collaborators ALFA CONSULTING, ANUDAL, APAX FOUNDATION, DEUTSCHE BANK, GRUPO ZURICH EN ESPAÑA, IBERDAC, JP MORGAN, LUCTA, METALOGENIA, RESA, RESIDENCIA SARRIA, RWE INNOGY AERSA, TOYOTA MATERIAL HANDLING, DESPACHOS MIEMBROS DEL CONSEJO PROFESIONAL DE LA FACULTAD DE DERECHO For more information: Corporate Relations & Fundraising T

13 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Aguilera Vaqués, Ruth Corporate governance and investors perceptions of foreign IPO value: An institutional perspective Bell, R.G.; Filatotchev, I.; Aguilera Vaqués, R. Academy of Management Journal (2013 IF=4.974; Q1 Bus.; Q1 Manag.; BW20; FT45) Academy of Management (AOM) Vol. 57, no. 1, 02/2014, p This paper investigates stock market responses to the different constellations of firm-level corporate governance mechanisms by focusing on foreign IPOs in the U.S. We build on sociology-grounded research on financial market behavior and suggest a nested legitimacy framework to explore U.S. investor perceptions of foreign IPO value. Using a fuzzy-set theoretic methodology, we demonstrate how different combinations of monitoring and incentive-based corporate governance mechanisms lead to the same level of investor valuations of firms. Moreover, institutional factors related to the minority shareholder protection strength in the foreign IPO s home country represent a boundary condition that affects the number of governance mechanisms required to achieve U.S. investors high value perceptions. Our findings contribute to the sociological perspective on comparative corporate governance and the inter-dependencies between organizations and institutions. Almirall Mezquita, Esteve Lee, Melissa Jo Majchrzak, Ann Open innovation requires integrated competition - community ecosystems: Lessons learned from civic open innovation Business Horizons (2013 IF=1.284; Q3 Bus.) Elsevier Vol. 57, no. 3, 05/2014, p Open innovation has received substantial business attention as a means of providing firms in hyper-competitive environments with the ability to create a stream of new products and services. For open in- 24 JOURNAL articles Articles in journals with impact factor novation, organizing external sources correctly is a critical capability; current literature suggests that external sources should be organized either as collaborative communities or as competitive markets. While firms have generally been slow to adopt open innovation, many cities in the U.S. and Europe have been quick to embrace it-providing needed field-based experience on how to organize external sources. Based on our examination of six cities opening their data for innovation, we found that while cities often started with one or the other approach to organizing their external sources, each approach was inadequate in ways that could potentially be addressed by the addition of the other approach. Thus, we conclude with an integrated approach in which the needs of the entire ecosystem of sources and supporters of innovation are organized to address both competitive and community needs. Almirall Mezquita, Esteve Public open sensor data: Revolutionizing smart cities Domingo, A.; Bellalta, B.; Palacín, M.; Oliver, M.; Almirall, E. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine (2013 IF=0.490; Q4 Eng, Electr & Electron.) IEEE Society on Social Implications on Technology Vol. 32, no. 4, 12/2013, p Local governments have decided to take advantage of the presence of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in their cities to efficiently manage several applications in their daily responsibilities. The enormous amount of information collected by sensor devices allows the automation of several realtime services to improve city management by using intelligent trafficlight patterns during rush hour, reducing water consumption in parks, or efficiently routing garbage collection trucks throughout the city [1]. The sensor information required by these examples is mostly self-consumed by city-designed applications and managers. Alsina, Victoria Gascó, Mila Policing opportunities and threats in Europe van den Born, A.; van Witteloostuijn, A.; Barlage, M.; Alsina, V.; Gascó, M.; et,al. Journal of Organizational Change Management (2013 IF=0.744; Q3 Manag.) Emerald Vol. 26, no. 5, 09/2013, p This paper aims to take stock and to increase understanding of the opportunities and threats for policing in ten European countries in the Political, Economic, Social, Technological and Legal (PESTL) environment. This study is part of the large EU-funded COMPOSITE project into organisational change. A PESTL analysis was executed to produce the environmental scan that will serve as a platform for further research into change management within the police. The findings are based on structured interviews with police officers of 17 different police forces and knowledgeable externals in ten European countries. The sampling strategy was optimized for representativeness under the binding capacity constraints defined by the COMPOSITE research budget. European police forces face a long list of environmental changes that can be grouped in the five PESTL clusters with a common denominator. There is also quite some overlap as to both the importance and nature of the key PESTL trends across the ten countries, suggesting convergence in Europe. A study of this magnitude has not been seen before in Europe, which brings new insights to the target population of police forces across Europe. Moreover, policing is an interesting field to study from the perspective of organisational change, featuring a high incidence of change in combination with a wide variety of change challenges, such as those related to identity and leadership. Batista Foguet, Joan M. Substance use across adolescence: Do gender and age matters? Simoes, C.; Gaspar de Matos, M.; Batista Foguet, J.M.; Simons Morton, B. Psicologia: Reflexão & Crítica/Psychology (2013 IF=0.158; Q4 Psychol., Multidiscip.) Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) Vol. 27, no. 1, 01/2014, p This paper aims to take stock and to increase understanding of the opportunities and threats for policing in ten European countries in the Political, Economic, Social, Technological and Legal (PESTL) environment. This study is part of the large EU-funded COMPOSITE project into organisational change. A PESTL analysis was executed to produce the environmental scan that will serve as a platform for further research into change management within the police. The findings are based on structured interviews with police officers of 17 different police forces and knowledgeable externals in ten European countries. The sampling strategy was optimized for representativeness under the binding capacity constraints defined by the COMPOSITE research budget. European police forces face a long list of environmental changes that can be grouped in the five PESTL clusters with a common denominator. There is also quite some overlap as to both the importance and nature of the key PESTL trends across the ten countries, suggesting convergence in Europe. A study of this magnitude has not been seen before in Europe, which brings new insights to the target population of police forces across Europe. Moreover, policing is an interesting field to study from the perspective of organisational change, featuring a high incidence of change in combination with a wide variety of change challenges, such as those related to identity and leadership. Batista Foguet, Joan M. Flow dimensions on daily activities with the Spanish version of the Flow Scale (DFS) Rufi, S.; Javaloy, F.; Batista Foguet, J.M.; Solanas, A.; Páez, D. The Spanish Journal of Psychology (2013 IF=0.706; Q3 Psychol., Multidiscip.) Cambridge University Press Vol. 17, no. 1, 01/2014, p A sample of 250 students of psychology with an average age of years, answered the Flow Q questionnaire indicating their favorite flow activity, and the Spanish version of the Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS). A confirmatory factor analysis assessed the DFS construct validity of the flow model on daily activities. Both a hierarchical model of eight first order factors reflecting a second order global flow factor, and a model with eight formative first order flow dimensions, showed good fit and discriminant power. Most optimal activities were found to be individual and structured, such as studying, reading and certain forms of individual sports. Leisure activities turned out to be more rewarding than studying. Sports displayed more flow, clear goals, merging of action and awareness, and autotelic experience. Reading also showed more flow, balance of challenge and skills, feedback, merging of action and awareness, and loss of self-consciousness. On the other hand, studying displayed less flow, merging of action and awareness, and autotelic experience. 25

14 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Baur, Dorothea Rahel Arenas Vives, Daniel The value of unregulated business-ngo interaction: A deliberative perspective Business & Society (2013 IF=1.804; Q2 Bus.) Sage Vol. 53, no. 2, 03/2014, p Political theories in general and deliberative democracy in particular have become quite popular in business ethics over the past few years. However, the model of deliberative democracy as generally referred to in business ethics is only appropriate for conceptualizing interaction between business and society that occurs within a context that is more or less institutionalized. It cannot account for unregulated interaction between business and civil society. We argue that we need to resort to the so called critical strand of deliberative democracy if we want to conceptualize interaction that happens without the involvement of decision-making institutions as political action in a deliberative sense. By adopting this approach we argue that deliberative principles are meaningful for judging unregulated interaction between business and civil society and that there are cases in which unregulated interaction is preferable over institutionalization. Bell, Roger Can business schools make students culturally competent? Effects of Cross-Cultural Management courses on cultural intelligence Eisenberg, J.; Lee, H.J.; Brueck, F.; Brenner, B.; Claes, M.T.; Bell, R.; et. al. Academy of Management Learning & Education (2013 IF=2.121; Q1 Educ. & Educ. Res.; Q1 Manag.) Academy of Management (AOM) Vol. 12, no. 4, 12/2013, p The rapid increase in courses dealing with cross-cultural management (CCM), brought about by economies globalization and increased workforce mobility motivated us to examine the impact of cross-cultural management courses on cultural intelligence. Cultural intelligence (CQ) refers to individual s abilities and skills to effectively manage interactions in cross-cultural situations. It includes four dimensions: metacognitive, cognitive, motivational and behavioral. In two multinational longitudinal studies using matched samples and pre-postintervention measures, we assessed the effects of academic CCM courses on students CQ. We found that after the courses, students overall CQ was significantly higher than at Time 1. No effects on CQ were detected in the control group, where students worked in multicultural settings but did not take a CCM course. Cross-cultural management courses 26 had stronger effects on metacognitive and cognitive CQ than on motivational and behavioral CQ. We found an interesting pattern regarding students international experience: While international experience in Time 1 positively related to students CQ, at Time 2, this relationship became nonsignificant (Study 1). These findings contribute to understanding the antecedents of cultural intelligence and how educational interventions affect it, with practical implications for designing and developing international management education and training programs. Bertini, Marco Price promotion for emotional impact Aydinli, A.; Bertini, A.; Lambercht, A. Journal of Marketing (2013 IF=3.819; Q1 Bus.; BW20; FT45) Amrican Marketing Association (AMA) Vol. 78, no. 4, 07/2014, p Managers and academics often think of price promotions merely as incentives that entice consumers to accept offers they might not have considered otherwise. Yet the prospect of paying a lower price for a product of given quality can also discourage deliberation, in a sense dumbing down the purchase encounter by making it less consequential. The authors examine this possibility in a dual-system theory of consumer behavior. Specifically, they argue that price promotion lowers a consumer s motivation to exert mental effort, in which case purchase decisions are guided less by extensive information processing and more by a quicker, easier, strong conditioner of preference: affect. Field data from a large daily deal company and four controlled experiments support this idea and document its implication primarily for product choice, in turn providing insight into the form and cause of brand switching that manufacturers and retailers can leverage to improve the allocation of promotional budgets and category management. Bertini, Marco When customers help set prices Bertini, M.; Koenigsberg, O. MIT Sloan Management Review (2013 IF=1.803; Q2 Bus.; Q2 Manag.; FT45) MIT Sloan School of Management Vol. 55, no. 4, 06/2014, p This article is directed at managers who seek to profit from differentiation. If you sense that your company is leaving good money on the table and struggling to convert product differentiation into revenue and profits, then you should consider enlisting the help of unlikely partners: your customers. To be sure, the thought of working with customers on a critical business activity such as pricing can be unnerving for managers. However, in the same spirit that companies today are recruiting customers to improve product design and marketing communications, managers need to recognize that it s those who purchase a company s products or services who ultimately determine what they are worth. While customers need not have sole discretion over these activities, they can certainly provide important input. It s critical to recognize that outsourcing pricing to customers isn t an all-or-nothing proposition: Managers can select pricing models ranging from complete oversight to complete delegation. The trick is to choose an approach that is suited to the characteristics of the market you re in and that limits the costs, real and potential, that may arise. Bonache Pérez, Jaime Alfonso Exploring expatriate outcomes Brewster, C.; Bonache Pérez, J.; Cerdin, J.L.; Suutari, V. International Journal of Human Resource Management (2013 IF=0.928; Q3 Manag.) Taylor & Francis Vol. 25, no. 14, 08/2014, p This editorial article introduces this special issue of the International Journal of Human Resource Management devoted to the outcomes of expatriate assignments. We set the topic in context. We start by summarizing the traditional view on expatriate outcomes. We then argue that recent developments in the field suggest the need to build a more sophisticated and complex analysis on the topic that incorporates different perspectives (e.g. the organization, the expatriate, their co-workers and their families) and additional types of international experiences and organizations. We then present some difficulties in developing such an analysis. Specifically, using a new typology of complementary relationships among outcomes (i.e. temporal, Institute for Social Innovation Research Proposal: Perceptions and Atributions: Complex Foundations of Emmployee Reactions to CSR Amer Awan, PhD Candidate Pep Mària, Supervisor among-group and among-outcome consistencies), we point out some complications to achieve those relationships. We conclude by introducing the papers in the special edition that all in some way aim to contribute to our understanding of expatriate outcomes. Bonache Pérez, Jaime Alfonso Noethen, Daniela The impact of individual performance on organizational success and its implications for the management of expatriates International Journal of Human Resource Management (2013 IF=0.928; Q3 Manag.) Taylor & Francis Vol. 25, no. 14, 01/2014, p In this paper, we present a new but simple typology of international assignments that can help guide the management of expatriates. Applying a well-known job typology by Jacobs, D. (1981, Toward a Theory of Mobility and Behavior in Organizations: An Inquiry into the Consequences of Some Relationships Between Individual Performance and Organizational Success, American Journal of Sociology, 87, ) and Baron, J.N., and Kreps, D.M. (1999, Strategic Human Resources: Frameworks for General Managers, New York: Wiley) to the international arena, we distinguish between star and guardian assignments. The essence of this distinction lies in a difference regarding a crucial relationship: the link between expatriate performance and organizational success. Drawing on two well-known case studies, we analyze the essential characteristics of and differences between star and guardian assignments, and deduct concrete consequences for the employment of specific human resource management policies along the expatriate cycle. The paper concludes with a discussion of theoretical and practical implications. 27

15 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Brinckmann, Jan Beyond environmental scarcity: Human and social capital as driving forces of bootstrapping activities Canhilal, Sukriye Kubra Exploring the values in the Italian public sector using the tri-axial model Canhilal, S.K.; Borgonovi, E.; Vera, E. the tri-axial cultural profile of the two EU clusters. The results show differences in value orientation between the two groups of countries: the public sector in the OEU member states appears to be more ethically and less pragmatically oriented than in the NEU member poor citizens depend on government support. The paper discusses both the research and practical implications of this study. Grichnik, D.; Brinckmann, J.; Singh, L.; Manigart, S. Journal of Business Venturing (2013 IF=3.265; Q1 Bus.; FT45) Elsevier Vol. 29, no. 2, 03/2014, p Although entrepreneurship scholars highlight bootstrapping as a key Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal (2013 IF=0.855; Q3 Manag.) Emerald Vol. 20, no. 4, 10/2013, p The purpose of the paper is to explore the values in the public sector states. Findings show that in the new member states, value congruence is very high across demographic groups, in contrast to the situation encountered in the OEU member states. Further research should include more countries before generalising the conclusions of this study to the rest of the OEU and NEU countries. Furthermore, although collecting data from a homogeneous unit (e.g. public sector) suggests more valid comparison, in the future, research should strive Collet, François Vives, Luis From preeminence to prominence: The fall of US business schools and the rise of European and Asian business schools in the Financial Times Global MBA rankings resource acquisition approach to respond to the inherent resource in Italy using the tri-axial model and explore the reasons why these to also examine additional units, for example private companies. The Academy of Management Learning & Education constraints that nascent ventures face, little is known about what values are important for the Italian public sector. An online questionnaire conclusions derived from this exploratory cultural mapping provide (2013 IF=2.121; Q1 Educ. & Educ. Res.; Q1 Manag.) causes nascent ventures to engage in bootstrapping. Theory high- was prepared in Italian and sent to the public sector employees all useful knowledge for improving international collaboration across Academy of Management (AOM) lights the environment as an important determinant of bootstrapping over Italy. The findings demonstrate that Italian public sector is 100 public sector organizations. This study is the first study that maps the Vol. 12, no. 4, 12/2013, p activity. Analyzing bootstrapping behavior of 298 nascent ventures, percent economic-pragmatic according to the tri-axial model. One of values in the public sector using the tri-axial model. we find that beyond perceived environmental factors, individual charac- the reasons of this result is the reforms made in the public sector Rankings have grown in number and influence in the business educa- teristics of the nascent entrepreneurs and factors relating to the em- which have stressed the importance of values like efficiency and pro- tion field over the past decades. Studies show that US Business School beddedness of the entrepreneurs in the environment determine their venture s bootstrapping behavior. In a more fine-grained analysis we gain insights into how these antecedents shape the use of particular bootstrapping strategies. Findings contribute to our understanding of fac- fessionalism. The main limitation of the study is the sample size. Further research should focus on increasing the number of the sample as well as compare the regions in Italy. The conclusions derived from this research suggest that Italian public sector employees perceive Capell, Ben Public sector values: Between the real and the ideal rankings are stable over time. However, we empirically examine the Financial Times Global MBA rankings and find that significant shifts have occurred at the international level: US schools have declined, to the advantage of European and Asian schools. This shift corresponds to an tors driving resource management approaches in nascent ventures. themselves as economic-pragmatic. This study is the first study that Gabel-Shemueli, R.; Capell, B. erosion in the salary difference of MBA graduates between the regions. maps the values in the public sector in Italy using tri-axial model. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal We examine macro factors that may have played a role in this process: (2013 IF=0.855; Q3 Manag.) aggregate economic demand, overall supply of MBA graduates, student Emerald migrations, and shifts in visa policies. We observe that, over time, Eu- Brunswicker, Sabine Chesbrough, Henry A fad or a phenomenon? The adoption of open innovation practices in large firms Research-Technology Management (RTM) Capell, Ben Canhilal, Sukriye Kubra Mapping values in old vs new members of the European Union: A comparative analysis of public sector cultures Vol. 20, no. 4, 10/2013, p The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze the core values of the Peruvian public sector in the particular context of recent public management reforms. After distinguishing between traditional private and public sector values, the paper compared the presence of each of these ropean MBAs have experienced a sustained rise in graduate salaries despite low aggregate economic demand and a rising supply of graduates. We conclude the article with a discussion on the implications of our findings for Deans, business school administrators and prospective MBA students, and highlight future research avenues. (2013 IF=0.745; Q3 Eng., Ind.; Q3 Manag.; Q3 Bus.) Capell, B.; Canhilal, S.K.; Alas, R.; Sommer, L.; types of values in two very different sources of data: input from employees Industrial Research Institute (IRI) Vol. 57, no. 2, 03/2014, p We surveyed 125 large firms in Europe and the United States with annual sales in excess of $250 million to examine the extent to which large firms are now practicing open innovation. Our results showed that open Ossenkop, C. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal (2013 IF=0.855; Q3 Manag.) Emerald Vol. 20, no. 4, 10/2013, p values survey and formal values statements of Peruvian public sector organizations. The analysis includes both a comparison of the presence of traditional public and private sector values in the two sources of data and the identification of the cultural profile of the public sector of Peru using the tri-axial model. The findings indicate a large gap between values at the theoretical level and values at the practical level. While values statements Collet, François From hot cakes to cold feet: A contingent perspective on the relationship between market uncertainty and status homophily in the formation of alliances innovation is not a passing fad: 78 percent of the firms report practicing The purpose of the paper is twofold. The first purpose is to provide a of public organizations in Peru clearly reflect traditional public sector values, Collet, F.; Philippe, D. open innovation, none have abandoned it, and 82 percent of those synthesis of the dominant cross-cultural models and to present the in practice, public sector employees appear to follow a mixture of public Journal of Management Studies practicing open innovation report that it is practiced more intensively more recent tri-axial model as a promising alternative that responds and private sector values. Strengthening this conclusion is the finding that (2013 IF=3.277; Q1 Bus.; Q1 Manag.; FT45) today than three years ago. We also asked about specific practices for well to the limitation of prevailing models. Consequently, the second the cultural tri-axial profile of the sector is purely economic-pragmatic, Wiley outside-in and inside-out open innovation. We found that customer purpose is to employ the model to explore key differences in the cul- which suggests that ethical and emotional values are positioned lower on Vol. 51, no. 3, 05/2014, p co-creation, informal networking, and university grants were the three ture and values of public service organisations in old and new EU the values hierarchy. This paper provides the first evidence of two impor- leading inbound practices in 2011; crowdsourcing and open innovation member states. The paper surveyed public sector employees in four tant cultural phenomena in the Peruvian public sector: a broad adoption of In this study, we reconsider the classical positive association between the intermediary services were rated lowest in importance. Joint ventures, different countries, two old EU (OEU) states (Germany, The Netherlands) private sector values and a gap between the values that are proposed as level of market uncertainty and an organization s propensity to form ties selling market-ready products, and standardization were the three leading and two new EU (NEU) states (Estonia, Lithuania). The employees were ethical guidelines (ideal) and the values that are followed in practice (real). with organizations of similar status. Although prior research argues that outbound practices; donations to commons and spinoffs were least fre- asked to classify 60 values on the three axes of the tri-axial model The combination of these two phenomena suggests a potential risk to the the greater the uncertainty, the higher the level of status homophily, we quently used. We also found that large firms are more likely to receive and to select the five most important values in their organization. The ethical functioning of the public administration. This risk is espe- suggest that this relationship is contingent upon framing that affects posi- freely revealed information than they are to provide such information. survey replies were analyzed and mapped to facilitate comparison of cially significant in a developing country like Peru, where many of its tive or negative valence towards uncertainty. In an up market, organiza

16 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor tions tend to frame uncertainty as upside risk, and thus will subsequently favour explorative uncertainty-mitigation devices; whereas, in a down market, organizations primarily frame uncertainty as downward risk, and thus will rely on more conservative uncertainty-mitigation mechanisms. We therefore predict that a greater number of status-heterophilous ties will be formed in an up market than in a down market. We discuss the implications of our results for status theory and more broadly for research on strategic decision making under uncertainty. Esteve Laporta, Marc Assessing public sector values trough the tri-axial model: Empirical evidence from Spain pragmatic and ethical axes. This study was tested with relatively a large sample size (more than 3,000 observations), thus adding significant and original value to the empirical test of the tri-axial model. Esteve Laporta, Marc Sierra Olivera, Vicenta Ysa Figueras, Tamyko Organizational collaboration in the public sector: Do chief executives make a difference? Esteve Laporta, M.; Boyne, G.; Sierra Olivera, V.; Ysa Figueras, T. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (2013 IF=2.875; Q1 Publ. Adm.) Gascó Hernández, Mila The role of macro context for the link between technological and organizational change Bayerl, P.S.; Jacobs, G.; Denef, S.; van den Berg, R.; Gascó, M.; et,al. Journal of Organizational Change Management (2013 IF=0.744; Q3 Manag.) Emerald Vol. 26, no. 5, 09/2013, p Technology is an important driver of organizational change and often strategically used to facilitate adaptations in organizational processes and cultures. While the link between technological and organizational change is widely recognized, the role of macro-context for this link re- Gascó Hernández, Mila Ysa Figueras, Tamyko Fernández Ple, Charlotte Key variables in the strategic management of an interoperability model: Political decision or technological co-optation? Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia (2013 IF=0.070; Q4 Public. Admin.; Q4 Polit. Sci.) Centro Latinoamericano de Administración para el Desarrollo (CLAD) No. 57, 10/2013, p Although the concept of interoperability is not completely new in the public sector, lately, it has become more important. More and more, the classic organizational structure of public administrations has proved to be unable to respond to the emergence of new citizen demands that cannot be ad- Esteve Laporta, M.; Grau, M.; Cabrera Valle, R. Oxford University Press mains undervalued. Based on data from technology implementations dressed by only one organization. As a result, growingly, public administra- Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal Vol. 23, no. 4, 10/2013, p in European police forces the paper aims to illustrate the importance tions are considering the need to work transversely and cooperatively with (2013 IF=0.855; Q3 Manag.) of integrating analyses of the macro-context to understand the complexity other public institutions, but also with other agents, with regard to common Emerald The purpose of this study is to examine values among public sector em- of technology driven organizational change. The authors conducted goals that will improve both political and administrative processes and re- Vol. 20, no. 4, 10/2013, p ployees. Furthermore, this study will identify differences according to several 56 interviews and five focus groups with police officers from 13 coun- sults. However, despite its important benefits and advantages, technologi- demographical variables with relevant policy making implications. Once tries on two of the major technology trends in European police forces: cal cooperation is not easy. Often, interoperability initiatives have to address The purpose of this study is to examine values among public sector em- the literature review on public sector values and the description of the automatic number plate recognition systems (ANPR) systems and so- important challenges which are technological but also organizational, legal, ployees. Furthermore, this study will identify differences according to several tri-axial model is presented, analysis based on a survey of 3,018 public cial media. They further conducted site visits to police forces in The or cultural. Given this context, this work aims at presenting the first results of demographical variables with relevant policy making implications. Once sectors will be undertaken. The sample consists of employees working Netherlands and the United Kingdom to observe technology usage first the research Managing e-government interoperability in the Catalan public the literature review on public sector values and the description of the in the Government of Andalusia, Spain. Results reveal the domination hand. Comparing accounts across countries they analyzed how macro- administrations, funded by the Catalan School of Public Administration. The tri-axial model is presented, analysis based on a survey of 3,018 public of pragmatic values, as well as values connected to the ethical axis. The context impacted adoption decisions and implementation processes. general goal of this study is to identify and analyze those key variables in the sectors will be undertaken. The sample consists of employees working study also shows how these values vary according to several demographic In this analysis they concentrated on the five macro-contextual factors implementation of interoperability projects within Catalan public adminis- in the Government of Andalusia, Spain. Results reveal the domination characteristics of the respondents, especially when considering their in the PESTL framework, i.e. political, economic, social, technological trations in order to contribute to the development of the conceptual and of pragmatic values, as well as values connected to the ethical axis. The level of education and their respective tenure. When managing employees and legal factors. In analyses of ANPR systems and social media the theoretical field of egovernment, on one hand, and to identify good practices study also shows how these values vary according to several demographic from public organizations, emphasis should be given to the develop- paper details how the macro-context of police organizations impacted that could be useful to decision makers, on the other. This article addresses characteristics of the respondents, especially when considering their ment of an organizational culture that represents a configuration of both decisions to adopt a technology as well as the intra-organizational two issues: 1) the literature review conducted, which puts emphasis on the level of education and their respective tenure. When managing employees pragmatic and ethical axes. This study was tested with relatively a large alignments of processes and structures. Organizational decision makers meaning of interoperability but, also, on the different approaches that have from public organizations, emphasis should be given to the develop- sample size (more than 3,000 observations), thus adding significant and and implementers need to be aware not only of the strong agency of been used to study it, and 2) the holistic model proposed by the research ment of an organizational culture that represents a configuration of both original value to the empirical test of the tri-axial model. technology for organizations structure and processes, but also of the team, one that has been built under the public management. relevance of the organizational macro-context for the process and impact of technology implementations on the organizational as well as individual level. The paper illustrates the impact of the macro-context Business Network Dynamics (BuNeD) of organizations in shaping the link between technological change and organizational change. Research Proposal: The role of internal integration in the SCI - performance relationship Melania Duarte, PhD Candidate Cristina Giménez, Supervisor 30 31

17 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Honey Roses, Jordi Arenas Vives, Daniel Enriching intergenerational decision-making with guided visualization exercises one s self-worth, leisure-time, family, and work. Having controlled for age and gender, results showed that satisfaction with one s financial situation was the dominant predictor of overall life satisfaction of workers, with a weight of.36. Satisfaction with family, work, and Majchrzak, Ann Towards an information systems perspective and research agenda on crowdsourcing for innovation Manolov, Rumen Single case experimental designs: Introduction to a special issue of neuropsychological rehabilitation Honey Roses, J.; Le Menestrel, M.; Arenas Vives, D.; health had effects of.25,.14, and.14, respectively. Interestingly, Majchrzak, A.; Malhorta, A. Evans, J.J; Gast, D.; Perdices, M.; Manolov,R. Rauschmayer, F.; Rode, J. satisfaction with one s self-worth, leisure-time, and social relation- Journal of Strategic Information Systems Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Journal of Business Ethics ships did not have statistically significant effects on life satisfaction, (2013 IF=2.571; Q1 Comput. Sci., Inform. Syst.) (2013 IF=2.068; Q3 Neuroscience.; Q2 Psychol.) (2013 IF=1.552; Q1 Eth.; Q2 Bus.; BW20; FT45) although the first two showed t values near the critical value. Elsevier Taylor & Francis Springer Vol. 22, no. 4, 12/2013, p Vol. 24, no. 3-4, 06/2014, p Vol. 122, no. 4, 07/2014, p Seriously engaging with the needs, hardships, and aspirations of future generations is an emotional experience as much as an intellectual endeavor. In this essay we describe a guided visualization exercise Longo Martínez, Francisco Towards a more professional public employment in Central America Recent years have seen an increasing emphasis on open innovation by firms to keep pace with the growing intricacy of products and services and the ever changing needs of the markets. Much has been written about open innovation and its manifestation in the form of The use of social media creates the opportunity to turn organizationwide knowledge sharing in the workplace from an intermittent, centralized knowledge management process to a continuous online knowledge conversation of strangers, unexpected interpretations and re-uses, used to overcome the emotional barriers that often prevent us from Longo, F.; Iacoviello, M. crowdsourcing. Unfortunately, most management research has taken and dynamic emergence. We theorize four affordances of social media dealing effectively with intergenerational decisions. The meditation Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia the information system (IS) as a given. In this essay we contend that representing different ways to engage in this publicly visible knowledge and dreaming technique was applied to a diverse group of researchers (2013 IF=0.070; Q4 Polit. Sci.; Q4 Public. Adm.) IS is not just an enabler but rather can be a shaper that optimizes conversations: metavoicing, triggered attending, network-informed as- who engaged in a visualized encounter with future generations. Following Centro Latinoamericano de Administración open innovation in general and crowdsourcing in particular. This es- sociating, and generative role-taking. We further theorize mechanisms the exercise, we concluded that a serious analysis of intergenerational para el Desarrollo (CLAD) say is intended to frame crowdsourcing for innovation in a manner that affect how people engage in the knowledge conversation, finding conflict requires us to confront our own mortality. Also, somewhat No. 56, 06/2013, p that makes more apparent the issues that require research from an that some mechanisms, when activated, will have positive effects on surprisingly to workshop participants, our desire to become stewards IS perspective. In doing so, we delineate the contributions that the IS moving the knowledge conversation forward, but others will have ad- of the planet was driven by our fear of death as well as our egoist In this paper, based on the results obtained from a recent regional field can make to the field of crowdsourcing. verse consequences not intended by the organization. These emergent yearning for immortality. We posit that imagining the unknown with vi- study on civil service professionalization in Central America and tensions become the basis for the implications we draw. sioning practices might increase our emotional resilience, and hence the Dominican Republic, and from two other evaluations conducted improve our ability to confront the burdens of intergenerational responsibility. Loewe, Nicolas Bagherzadeh Niri, Mehdi Araya Castillo, Luis Andrés Batista Foguet, Joan M. Life domain satisfactions as predictors of overall life satisfaction among workers: Evidence from Chile previously by the very same task force, it is presented the situation of civil services in this region. The contents are organized in the following way. Firstly, it is exposed the conceptual framework and analytical methodology designed for the study. Secondly, it is developed its main results grouped according to five indexes (efficiency, merit, structural consistency, functional capacity and integration capacity) that constitute the main quality measures for an institutional system of public employment, according to the conceptual framework. Thirdly, it is offered a complementary view of the results, this time organized in terms of seven human resource management subsystems, which allow for a more instrumental approach and, therefore, for a more precise diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses of policies and Majchrzak, Ann The contradictory influence of social media affordances on online communal knowledge sharing Majchrzak, A.; Faraj, S.; Kane, G.C.; Azad, B. Journal of Computer-Mediated Comunication (2013 IF=2.019; Q1 Commun.; Q1 Inform. Sci. & Libr. Sci.) Wiley Vol. 19, no. 1, 10/2013, p Manolov, Rumen Single-case experimental designs: Reflections on conduct and analysis Manolov,R.; Gast, D.; Perdices, M.; Evans, J.J Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2013 IF=2.068; Q3 Neuroscience.; Q2 Psychol.) Taylor & Francis Vol. 24, no. 3-4, 06/2014, p In this editorial discussion we reflect on the issues addressed by, Loewe, N.; Bagherzadeh, M.; Araya Castillo, L.; practices in each country. From these results, the main conclusion The use of social media creates the opportunity to turn organiza- and arising from, the papers in this special issue on Single-Case Ex- Thieme, C.; Batista Foguet, J.M. is that there have been slight advances in human resource planning tion-wide knowledge sharing in the workplace from an intermittent, perimental Design (SCED) study methodology. We identify areas of Social Indicators Research and meritocratic incorporation of public officers in several countries centralized knowledge management process to a continuous online consensus and disagreement regarding the conduct and analysis (2013 IF=1.452; Q1 Soc. Sci., Interdiscip.; Q1 Sociol.) in the region. Nevertheless, there are still big challenges in terms of knowledge conversation of strangers, unexpected interpretations and of SCED studies. Despite the long history of application of SCEDs in Springer performance appraisals, compensation and development manage- re-uses, and dynamic emergence. We theorize four affordances of studies of interventions in clinical and educational settings, the field Vol. 118, no. 1, 08/2014, p ment, which make it very difficult to establish effective incentive social media representing different ways to engage in this publicly is still developing. There is an emerging consensus on methodological structures for public employees. The document closes with a series visible knowledge conversations: metavoicing, triggered attending, quality criteria for many aspects of SCEDs, but disagreement on what This article examines the subjective antecedents of life satisfaction of of suggestions of critical issues to consider in order to professionalize network-informed associating, and generative role-taking. We further are the most appropriate methods of SCED data analysis. Our aim is workers. Adopting a bottom-up perspective, we assessed the unique civil services in Central American countries. theorize mechanisms that affect how people engage in the knowledge to stimulate this ongoing debate and highlight issues requiring further influence that satisfaction with multiple life domains have on evalua- conversation, finding that some mechanisms, when activated, will attention from applied researchers and methodologists. In addition tive judgments of overall life satisfaction. Based on a nationwide sam- have positive effects on moving the knowledge conversation forward, we offer tentative criteria to support decision-making in relation to the ple of 530 Chilean workers, we simultaneously tested the effects of but others will have adverse consequences not intended by the or- selection of analytical techniques in SCED studies. Finally, we stress seven life domain satisfactions that have been consistently included ganization. These emergent tensions become the basis for the impli- that large-scale interdisciplinary collaborations, such as the current in extant models of life satisfaction and subjective well-being. These cations we draw. Special Issue, are necessary if SCEDs are going to play a significant were satisfaction with health, financial situation, social relationships, role in the development of the evidence base for clinical practice

18 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Martí Ripoll, Margarita Desarrollo y validación de una versión española del Team Climate Inventory: un análisis de invariancia factorial Antino, M.; Gil-Rodríguez, F.; Martí Ripoll, M.; Barrasa, A.; Borzillo, S. Anales de Psicología (2013 IF=0.549; Q3 Psychol., Multidiscip.) Universidad de Murcia (UM) Vol. 30, no. 2, 05/2014, p El presente estudio analiza las propiedades psicométricas y la validez de una versión española del Team Climate Inventory (TCI). El TCI es un instrumento para la medición del clima de los equipos de trabajo, que se desarrolla a partir de una teoría de cuatro factores aplicada a la innovación de equipo (West, 1990). El estudio muestra una fiabilidad satisfactoria del instrumento, estimada con índices Alpha de Cronbach y Omega. El análisis factorial exploratorio retuvo cuatro factores más un quinto, tal como se encontró en otras validaciones del TCI. El análisis factorial confirmatorio permitió averiguar que el mejor ajuste a los datos se obtuvo con el modelo de cinco factores. En el estudio, además, se compararon dos muestras (una de equipos de trabajo sanitarios españoles y otra de equipos de trabajo latinoamericanos pertenecientes a una empresa de desarrollo informático) con un total de 1099 participantes, cuya comparación muestra evidencias de invarianza factorial. Finalmente, se aportan evidencias de validez basadas en la predicción del rendimiento de equipo y de la satisfacción de los miembros. Martí Ripoll, Margarita Task routineness and team performance in nursing teams: The mediating role of team learning Ortega, A.; Martí, M.; Gil, F.; Antino, M.; Martínez, M.T. Revista Mexicana de Psicología (2013 IF=0.436; Q4 Psychol. Multidiscip.) Sociedad Mexicana de Psicología Vol. 31, no. 1, 01/2014, p The aim of this study is to examine the influence of the task routineness on team learning and team performance in nursing teams, also the mediating role of team learning on the relationship between task routineness and team performance. A cross-sectional and quantitative design was employed. Sample comprises 1,110 healthcare professionals working in 229 nursing teams at different public hospitals throughout Spain. Members of nursing teams participated voluntarily by completing a confidential individual questionnaire. The results show a mediating effect of team learning on the relationship between task routineness and team performance. The findings suggest the importance of considering the type of task performed by nursing teams as a key factor for team learning processes and team performance. 34 Murphy, Matthew Vives, Jordi Perceptions of justice and human right protect, respect, and remedy framework Journal of Business Ethics (2013 IF=1.552; Q2 Bus. Q1 Eth.; BW20; FT45) Springer Vol. 116, no. 4, 09/2013, p Human rights declarations are instruments used to introduce universal standards of ethics. The UN s Protect, Respect, and Remedy Framework (Ruggie, Protect, respect, and remedy: A Framework for business and human rights. UN Doc A/HRC/8/5, 2008; Guiding principles on business and human rights: Implementing the United Nations Protect, Respect, and Remedy framework. UN Doc A/ HRC/17/31, 2011) intends to provide guidance for corporate behavior in regard to human rights. This article applies concepts from the field of organizational justice to the arena of business and human rights for the purpose of operationalizing the UN Framework. This approach facilitates the recognition of gaps between perceptions of justice held by stakeholders versus businesses and/or the State. Such recognition raises the potential for addressing issues that lead to divergent perceptions of justice, thus potentially improving the human rights performance of businesses. The research also shows the potential for complicity of businesses in human rights abuses and exposes a fundamental weakness in the UN Framework, which attempts to draw a sharp distinction between duties of States versus responsibilities of business. We illustrate this approach through analysis of the case of Goldcorp s Marlin Mine in Guatemala; an extractive industry project that affects indigenous communities. Pless, Nicola Global governance: CSR and the role of the UN Global Compact Voegtlin, C.; Pless, N. Journal of Business Ethics (2013 IF=1.552; Q1 Eth.; Q2 Bus.; BW20; FT45) Springer Vol. 122, no. 2, 06/2014, p The article discusses the role of the UN Global Compact (UNGC) in the emerging global corporate social responsibility infrastructure. It evaluates the debate around the effectiveness and legitimacy of the UNGC alongside the arguments of its supporters and critics and thereby introduces the Thematic Symposium contributions. The article further identifies three theoretical perspectives that are used by scholars to discuss the performance of the UNGC: economic, socio-historical, and normative. It proposes that these perspectives can serve as generic distinctions with direct relevance for the evaluation of the UNGC. Once the perspective is chosen, it drives towards a certain purpose which implies assumptions and design features with regard to the UNGC. Finally, the article offers a future research agenda, emphasising the research needed on the UNGC in four areas: the identification of processes and influence mechanisms; legitimacy and effectiveness; local networks and regional development; and the interface of the UNGC and responsible leadership. Prats Duaygues, Francesc Roselló Saurí, Llorenç Sánchez Soler, Mònica Agell Jané, Núria Using L-Fuzzy sets to introduce information theory into qualitative reasoning Fuzzy Sets and Systems (2013 IF=1.880; Q1 Comput Sci, Theor & Meth. Q1 Math, Appl. Q1 Stat & Probab.) Elsevier Vol. 236, no. 1, 02/2014, p We formally construct the extended set of qualitative labels L over a well-ordered set. The qualitative descriptions of a given set are defined as L-fuzzy sets. In the case where the well-ordered set is finite, a distance between L-fuzzy sets is introduced based on the properties of the lattice L. The concept of the information contained in a qualitative label is introduced, leading to a formal definition of the entropy of an L-fuzzy set as a Lebesgue integral. In the discrete case, this integral becomes a weighted average of the information of the labels, corresponding to the Shannon entropy in information theory. Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics (ESADEgeo) Research Proposal: International Governmental Organizations: A Strategic Management Approach Ryan Federo, PhD Candidate Ángel Saz, Supervisor Ragozzino, Roberto When theory doesn t meet practice: Do firms really stage their investments? Ragozzino, R.; Moschieri, C. Academy of Management Perspective (2013 IF=2.826; Q1 Bus.; Q1 Manag.; FT45) Academy of Management (AOM) Vol. 28, no. 1, 02/2014, p Theory has often discussed the benefits of adopting a staged investment strategy in mergers and acquisitions when investments hold uncertain prospects. Specifically, firms should enter into a cooperative agreement, such as a strategic alliance, before they eventually decide to buy out a partner. In this paper, we first review the theoretical arguments supporting such an approach and then provide evidence showing that staged investments in mergers and acquisitions are far less frequent than theory predicts. We analyze a sample of 24,495 global transactions that occurred between 1995 and 2010 and find that firms stage mergers and acquisitions in only 1.26% of all deals. This figure changes little after we control for transaction- and environmental-level considerations. We propose several explanations of why staged investments are seldom used in practice, despite their theoretical properties. 35

19 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Ragozzino, Roberto Signals and international alliance formation: The roles of affiliations and international activities Reuer, J.; Ragozzino, R. Journal of International Business Studies (2013 IF=3.594; Q1 Bus.; Q1 Manag.; FT45) Palgrave Vol. 45, no. 3, 02/2014, p Romero Velasco, Margarida Usart Rodríguez, Mireia Supporting Human Capital development with Serious Games: An analysis of three experiences Earp, J.; Ott, M.; Popescu, M.; Romero, M; Usart, M. Computers in Human Behavior (2013 IF=2.273; Q2 Psychol., Exp.; Q1 Psychol., Multidiscip.) Roselló Saurí, Llorenç Sánchez Soler, Mònica Agell Jané, Núria Prats Duaygues, Francesc Mazaira Font, Ferran-Antonio Using consensus and distances between generalized multi-attribute linguistic assessments for group decision-making Saló Mayolas, Albert Vila Fernández-Santacruz, Mar Fluvià Font, Modest Do implicit prices for hotels and second homes show differences in tourists valuation for public attributes for each type of accommodation facility? Saló Mayolas, A.; Garriga, A.; Rigall Torrent, R.; Vila Fernández-Santacruz, Elsevier Information Fusion M.; Fluvià Font, M. This paper extends signaling theory to the study of firms international alli- Vol. 30, 01/2014, p (2013 IF=3.472; Q1 Comput Sci, Artif Intell. Q1 International Journal of Hospitality Management (2013 IF=1,837; Q1 Hosp., ances. Signals can be valuable in facilitating these collaborations because Comput Sci, Theor & Meth.) Leis., Sport. & Tour.) they reduce the risk of adverse selection surrounding cross-border partner- Serious Games (SGs) are increasingly being used in formal educa- Elsevier Elsevier ships. We specifically investigate whether firms affiliations with prominent tional settings and it is almost universally acknowledged that they Vol. 17, no. 1, 05/2014, p No. 36, 01/2014, p financial intermediaries enable the formation of international collaborative have strong potential for bringing innovation to education and for agreements. We also argue and find that the signaling benefits of these enhancing learning, this way also contributing to the development This paper proposes a mathematical framework and methodology Tourism accommodation comprises a bundle of private attributes affiliations diminish with the firm s engagement in international activities, of Human Capital. This paper proposes some reflections on the use- for groupdecision-making under multi-granular and multi-attribute- (e.g. star rating, swimming pool or sports facilities) located in a spe- which can function as alternative signals by which firms convey the quality fulness and effectiveness of SGs when used in formal learning con- linguistic assessments. It is based on distances between linguistic cific physical environment (municipality, in this paper). The literature of their resources and prospects. Examining firms cross-border activities texts. The considerations are derived from a set of SG-based edu- assessments and a degree of consensus. Distances in the space of has argued that the price of accommodation takes into account this helps to identify new and important signals that are unique to the inter- cational experiences carried out in three European countries: Italy, qualitative assessments are defined from the geodesic distance in bundle. Because tourist profiles are likely to be different for different national setting. Moreover, this also helps contextualize prior theory and Spain and Romania. The paper briefly summarizes the key aspects graph theory and the Minkowski distance. The degree of consensus types of accommodation, tourists could value differently the relevant findings that exist in the domestic setting on the effects of affiliations with of the three research experiences and, by referring to the main les- is defined through the concept of entropy of a qualitatively-described and common public attributes that surrounds them. Using a database financial intermediaries such as venture capitalists and investment banks. sons learnt, it also draws some general conclusions as to the poten- system. Optimal assessments in terms of both proximity to all the constructed from brochures of hotels and second homes for 2004 We conclude that signaling theory offers a promising addition to existing tial of SGs to support the development of Human Capital both from expert opinions in the group and the degree of consensus are used (with prices and private characteristics) in the Costa Brava (Spain), theories of international alliances and other cross-border activities. We the cognitive and from the affective/behavioural standpoint. to compare opinions and define a methodology to rank multi-attribute this paper uses hedonic regressions to clarify the role of both private contrast some of the main arguments and predications of signaling theory alternatives. a location-related attributes for two types of tourism accommodation: with other theories used in international business, and we emphasize the hotels and second homes. We find that the effects on price of some research opportunities that exist for employing this perspective in international business studies in the future. Ramírez-Alujas, Álvaro Characterizing citizen participation within open government Prieto-Martín, P.; Ramírez-Alujas, R. Roselló Saurí, Llorenç Allowing agents to be imprecise: A proposal using multiple linguistic terms Falco, E.; García-Lapresta, J.L.; Roselló, L. Information Sciences (2013 IF=3.893; Q1 Comp. Sci., Syst.) Elsevier Vol. 258, 02/2014, p Ruíz VegaS, Francisco Javier Agell Jané, Núria Gait identification by means of box approximation geometry of reconstructed attractors in latent space Sama, A.; Ruiz, F.J.; Agell Jané, N.; Pérez-López, C.; characteristics related to location differ for hotels and second homes. This finding has important implications for private managers and public policy makers I the hospitality industry. Solana, Javier Juan Rojo: The surface science and science politics maker in Spain Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia Català, A.; Cabestany, J. Mascaraque, A.; Rodríguez de la Funete, O.; (2013 IF=0.070; Q4 Public. Admin.; Q4 Polit. Sci.) In this paper we propose a decision-making procedure where the Neurocomputing González-Barrio, M.A.; Solana, J.; Oro, L.; Crespo, A. Centro Latinoamericano de agents judge the alternatives through linguistic terms such as very (2013 IF=2.005; Q1 Comput. Sci., Artif. Intell.) Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter Administración para el Desarrollo (CLAD) good, good, acceptable, etc. If the agents are not confident about Elsevier (2013 IF=2.223; Q2 Phys., Condens. Mat.) No. 58, 02/2014, p their opinions, they can use a linguistic expression formed by sev- Vol. 121, 12/2013, p IOP Publishing eral consecutive linguistic terms. To obtain a ranking on the set of Vol. 25, no. 48, 12/2013, p. 1-4 The paper delves into the concept of Open Government, analysing alternatives, the method consists of three different stages. The first This paper presents a novel gait recognition method which uses the and characterising its participatory dimension. It proposes firstly a stage looks for the alternatives in which the overall opinion is closer signals measured by a single inertial sensor located on the waist. This This special section in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedi- typology of participatory actions that illustrates the strengthening ef- to the ideal assessment. The overall opinion is developed by a dis- method considers human gait as a dynamical system and employs a cated to Professor Juan Rojo (Sevilla, 1943) on the occasion of his fect that ICT have on the different participation forms. Secondly, it tance-based process among the individual assessments. The next few singular values obtained by means of Singular Spectrum Analysis 70th birthday. Disciples, friends, collaborators, and close co-workers presents the Participation Schemas, a conceptual tool that facili- two stages form a tie-breaking process. Firstly by using a dispersion applied to scalar measurements from the inertial sensor. Singular values have been happy to contribute to this special section. The contents tates the analysis and standardized representation of the most im- index based on the Gini coefficient, and secondly by taking into ac- can be interpreted as the approximate edge length of the bounding accurately reflect the wide scope of his scientific career and the sin- portant dimensions of participation. Participation Schemas provide count the number of best-assessments. The main characteristics of box wrapping the attractor in the latent space. Effects of different cere affection of his many colleagues who are honoured by his friend- both a categorization model that deepens our critical understanding the proposed decision-making procedure are analyzed. parameters on the gait recognition performance using patterns from ship. We believe that this special section is a fitting, though modest, of participation and a powerful and flexible tool for the evaluation, de- 20 different subjects are analysed. tribute on behalf of the Spanish physicochemistry community to a sign and communication of diverse kinds of participatory initiatives. scientist we greatly admire and to whom we all are indebted

20 journal articles articles in journals with impact factor Spender, John Christopher Intangibles: Theory, categories, and the Kozminski matrix Spender, J.C.; Bednarz-Luczewska,P.; Bordianu, A.; Rohaert, S. Trullén Fernández, Jordi Bonache Pérez, Jaime Alfonso Factors helping the HR function gain greater acceptance for its proposals and innovations: Evidence from Spain Van Cranenburgh, Katinka Arenas Vives, Daniel Strategic and moral dilemmas of corporate philanthropy in developing countries: Heineken in Sub-Saharan Africa economic arguments and how those are mediated through functions and relationships in the company and beyond. The paper shows how critical managers understanding of the motivations of activists behind the campaign is in shaping their actions. It reveals the paradoxical outcomes that can result from social activism at the level of the firm, the industry, and the field. Knowledge Management Research & Practice International Journal of Human Resource Journal of Business Ethics (2013 IF=0.683; Q1 Inform. Sci. & Libr. Sci.; Management (2013 IF=1.552; Q1 Eth.; Q2 Bus.; BW20; FT45) Q4 Manag.) Palgrave Vol. 11, no. 2, 05/2013, p (2013 IF=0.928; Q3 Manag.) Taylor & Francis Vol. 24, no. 20, 10/2013, p Springer Vol. 122, no. 3, 07/2014, p This case study illustrates the dilemmas facing multinational companies Vanhaverbeke, Wim Patterns of R&D internationalisation in developing countries: China as a case Analyzing the strategic significance of a firm s intellectual capital On the basis of the sense-making and sense-giving literature, this in meeting social challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa (especially health- Jin, J.; Wang, Y.; Vanhaverbeke, W. separates tangible assets from intangible assets, and demands close study addresses factors helping the HR function gain greater acceptance related ones). It also discusses the purpose, responsibilities and limita- International Journal of Technology Management attention to how the latter are valued. Conventional methods based by employees for its proposals and innovations. Using an original tions of business involvement in social development. From a business (2013 IF=0.492; Q4 Oper. Res. & Manag. Sci.; Q3 on cost or market value are of little relevance. Ultimately, the analysis sample of 298 employees from nine firms in Spain, we find that HR standpoint, social challenges in developing countries differ greatly from Eng., Multidiscip.; Q4 Manag.) turns on who makes the estimate and to what end. We argue for a department credibility is only one of the factors that influence em- those in nations where governments or markets effectively provide for Inderscience Enterprises third source of estimates, the same managers whose application of ployees acceptance. Other essential elements are top management the population s health needs. The case illustrates what led a multina- Vol. 64, no. 2, 02/2014, p strategic assets sets the value-adding processes of the firm in mo- and supervisor support. We also investigate the consequences that tional to set up a corporate foundation and focuses on three strategic tion. This is a constructivist approach that raises important theoreti- differential levels of support from supervisors and top managers can and operational dilemmas it ran up against. The case discussion shows Some developing countries are emerging as nexuses in the globalisation cal and methodological questions about the nature of the firm and its have for the acceptance of HR innovations, and we find that supervi- that the ethical issues intertwined with these dilemmas are best under- of innovation activities, serving as the location for crucial R&D activities value-creating capabilities. Objective measures cannot grasp these sor support carries more weight than that of top managers. Finally, stood using a variety of ethical approaches. We also show that Ethics of from developed multinational firms (DMFs), which are headquartered in capabilities, and current efforts to establish such metrics are deeply we explore variations in the importance of the HR function credibility Care are just as relevant to analysing corporate social responsibility and developed countries, and spawning emerging multinational firms (EMFs), counter-productive. We propose the business model as the firm-spe- as an acceptance enabler under different organizational innovation corporate philanthropy as the Deontological and Utilitarianism theories which are headquartered in developing countries and conduct some of cific natural language within which the future value of the intangible climates. The results suggest that HR credibility plays an essential commonly used in business ethics. their R&D in developed countries. This paper proposes a framework and assets can be estimated. role independently of climate. a methodology to identify international patterns of innovation at the firmlevel as well as at the national level. According to a reconstruction of the R&D owner-inventor structure, we develop the analytical framework as a Thiel, Jana Protecting growth options in dynamic markets: The role of strategic disclosure in integrated intellectual property strategies Valls Giménez, Josep F. Sureda Pascual, Joan Attractiveness analysis of European tourist cities Valls Giménez, J.; Sureda Pascual, J.; Valls Tuñon, G. Van Cranenburgh, Katinka Management responses to social activism in an era of corporate responsibility: A case study Van Carnenburgh, K.; Liket, K.; Roome, N. Journal of Business Ethics 3 x 3 matrix and identify three different patterns for both EMFs and DMFs in the organisation of their R&D internationalisation activities. We derive from this matrix three patterns at the national level to describe the ways how a developing country can reach the global innovation stage. We use China as a case to verify this framework. Peters, T.; Thiel, J; Tucci, C. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing (2013 IF=1.552; Q2 Bus. Q1 Eth.; BW20; FT45) California Management Review (2013 IF=1.944; Q2 Bus.; Q2 Manag.; FT45) Berkeley University of California Vol. 55, no. 4, 07/2013, p (2013 IF=0.695; Q3 Hosp., Leis., Sport. & Tour.) Routledge Vol. 31, no. 2, 02/2014, p Springer Vol. 118, no. 3, 12/2013, p Social activism against companies has evolved in the 50 years since Rachel Vanhaverbeke, Wim Chesbrough, Henry Open innovation: The next decade Starting from the field work in seven European countries, the paper Carson first put the US chemical industry under pressure to halt the indis- West, J.; Salter, A.; Vanhaverbeke, W.; Chesbrough, H. Given recent developments in information technology and intellectual identify Europeans attitudes towards and preferences for European criminate use of the chemical DDT. Many more companies have come under Research Policy property (IP) legislation, technology firms may benefit from an inte- cities. The purpose here is to show whether a city s tourist attraction the spotlight of activist attention as the agenda social activists address has (2013 IF=2.598; Q1 Manag; Q1 Plan. & Dev.) grated IP strategy that combines patenting with strategic disclosure. is linked solely with a given holiday format (city-break; 1-2 night stay; expanded, provoked in part by the internationalization of business. During Elsevier This article presents a series of cases that introduce various aspects short holiday; 3-4 night stay; long holiday; 8-night stay or longer) or the past fifteen years, companies have begun to formulate corporate re- Vol. 43, no. 5, 06/2014, p of strategic disclosure and provide a framework for how and when not. The results helped in the interpretation of contemporary urban sponsibility (CR) policies and appointed management teams dedicated to such practices may be merited as part of an integrated IP strategy. tourism flows in Europe, offering a broader vision of such flows and CR, resulting in a change in the way companies interact with social activists. We review the contribution and evolution of open innovation since To help CEOs decide on the economics and efficiency of the practice, furnishing useful data for city strategic planning to boost competi- This paper presents findings from a longitudinal case study of managerial the publication of Chesbrough s 2003 Open Innovation book, and practical guidelines are provided for when it might be a useful com- tiveness. responses to social activism targeted at a company with relatively well-ad- suggest likely directions going forward. We link the articles of this plement to the firm s other IP management practices. vanced CR practices and reputation. The case describes the unfolding of special issue to three key trends in open innovation research: better the internal processes over an 8-year period, including the role played by measurement, resolving the role of appropriability and linking that different managers and the tensions in the decision-making processes. The research to the management and economics literature. From this, we findings emphasize how values and beliefs in the company interact with identify other trends and suggest opportunities for future research

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