1 Gulf of Fonseca Hydrographic Survey and Nautical Charting!!!! Planning Meeting Antigua, Guatemala Nov The Gulf of Fonseca is bordered by the states of El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Each country has a major port in or near the Gulf; La Union in El Salvador, San Lorenzo in Honduras and Corinto in Nicaragua. The IHO and PAIGH convened the Gulf of Fonseca Hydrographic Survey and Nautical Charting Project meeting at the IHO Meso American Caribbean Hydrographic Commission Meeting in Antigua. Guatemala, 20 November Attending the meeting were the GoF Member States: Honduras, Empresa Portuaria Nacional; El Salvador Instituto Geografico Nacional Centro Nacional de Registros; and Nicaragua, Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Territoriales. The meeting was also attended by United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, United States National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, COCATRAM, Guatemala, International Hydrographic Organization, Pan American Institute of Geography and History, and representatives of Private Industry. Following is a report of the meeting. This kickoff meeting was convened to determine interest in developing a multi national project to address the survey and charting requirements of the Gulf. Attending this meeting were the bordering nations of El Salvador, Honduras, and
2 Nicaragua, PAIGH, International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), and PAIGH and IHO member states willing to participate in survey and charting operations, Central American Committee for Marine Transportation (COCATRAM), National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (US NGA), United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO), Guatemalan Navy, Port Quetzal in Guatemala and Industry Partners CARIS, Kongsberg Marine, QPS, and Esri. (a full list of attendees is attached at the end). Appreciation is extended to the GSDI Association for providing grant funds to support travel of PAIGH, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua Representatives to this meeting. The Importance of this Project: In 2007/2008 the Presidents of El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua declared the Gulf of Fonseca a Peace and Security Zone. In Municipalities of the 3 countries met and declared the Gulf a Zone of Peace, Progress, and Development. Porfirio Lobo (Honduras), Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua) y Mauricio Funes (El Salvador). In December 2012 the Presidents of the three countries visited the Gulf to jointly reaffirm the needs to cooperate in the development in the Gulf. A Joint resolution of the three presidents regarding further development in the Gulf of Fonseca was signed December 2012 and is attached below. El presidente de Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, se reunirá el martes 5 Dic con sus homólogos de Honduras y El Salvador para coordinar planes de desarrollo y buscar resolver controversias por el Golfo de Fonseca, que comparten los tres países en el Océano Pacífico, informó el gobierno. The project will be done under the PAIGH/ IHO MoU. There has not been a multi national effort to address a full survey and charting requirement in the Gulf since the 1980s. Hydrographic surveys have been conducted by each nation over the years with the latest being done La Union, El Salvador with assistance from the US Navy. Honduras and Nicaragua have conducted some surveys during the period since the last full survey operation has been carried out. Nicaragua has conducted surveys and produced paper charts of the Port of Corinto which was reviewed by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office and credited for being very well done. Attendee Reports and Contributions: El Salvador: El Salvador has recently made large scale improvements in the Port of La Union which borders the Gulf of Fonseca. The access channel to La Union is subject to silting and maintenance of the channel is difficult because El Salvador does not have the necessary survey equipment to conduct regular channel maintenance surveys. Within the Centro de Registros Nacional Instituto Geografico
3 Nacional there are Category B surveyors available to collect, process and analyze the hydrographic data. They have no dedicated survey platform. In the last few years the US Navy has supported El Salvador, La Union Port with two survey operations that provided channel depths leading into the port. Those were not complete surveys of the area. Honduras: The Hydrographic section of the National Port Authority (ENP) is an active hydrographic unit and completes surveys that support ENP port operations. The ENP Hydrographic section received the equipment suite from the Gulf of Honduras Project. That equipment suite includes Single Beam echo sounder, side scan sonar, CTD sensor, collection and processing software. ENP lacks a dedicated hydrographic survey platform. The Honduran Port of San Lorenzo is located at the head of a 33 km estuary accessed from the Gulf of Fonseca. The ENP has trained and experienced Hydrographic Technicians capable of conducting full hydrographic surveys. Nicaragua: The hydrographic section of the Instituto Nacional de Estudios Territoriales is very active in its ports surveying and charting. They have surveyed and compiled 3 charts of the ports of Corinto, San Juan del Sur, and Sandino. They have plans for surveys in their Caribbean ports. INETER displayed their chart of Corinto. The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office agreed to provide a quality examination of the chart. The INETER Hydrographic Program displayed at the meeting demonstrated initiative and true desire to address the modern needs of the country and to adhere to the coastal states requirements to support SOLAS 5 as set out by the International Maritime Organization. Congratulations to INETER and Mr Isaias Montoya for developing and excellent program. Guatemala: Guatemala does not border the Gulf of Fonseca. It is Central America s only IHO Member State. Guatemala has several Category A Hydrographers and offered to provide technical assistance, equipment assistance, and use of their survey platform. This was a welcome support statement in that one of our PAIGH capacity building goals in this project is to keep as much Central American influence and support as possible. Comite Centro Americana de Transporte Maritima (COCATRAM): Director General of COCATRAM attended our meeting and pledged to support the project through its influence with Ministries of Transportation and Inter American Development Bank (IADB). COCATRAM met with Vice Ministers of Transportation 22 November and introduced the project at at that meeting. The letter sent from COCATRAM to the Ministries of Transportation is attached. United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO): The UK National Hydrographer attended the meeting and pledged their support for various aspects including charting and capacity building support.
4 National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA): NGA attended and agreed to make certain digital data available to the member states in anticipation of the state developing their electronic charting capabilities. International Hydrographic Organization (IHO): The President of the Directing Committee attended this meeting and voiced is strong support of the project. Pan American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH): PAIGH facilitated this meeting with funding support from Geospatial Data Infrastructure Association. PAIGH and IHO will continue to work with Member States to ensure that the project is developed and completed. Geo Spatial Data Infrastructure Association (GSDI Association): Provided funds that partially supported the travel of El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, and PAIGH Representatives to the meeting. Private Industry: Private Industry representatives from CARIS, Kongsberg Marine, Esri, and QPS attended the meeting also. The support pledged by CARIS and Kongsberg was excellent. CARIS offered to provide processing and charting software and Kongsberg offered excellent terms on the provision of modern Multi Beam echo sounding equipment. The decisions taken at this meeting: 1. Decision to continue the project discussions with authorities from the three Member states. The Member states and PAIGH establish a steering committee for further action to be taken on the project. 2. Recognize that the future development of the Gulf of Fonseca can benefit from the works proposed by this project; including hydrography for the safety of navigation, physical oceanography for the protection of the marine environment, and coastal zone management. 3. Decision to keep this project Regional within Central America as much as possible. 4. Recognize the offerings of governmental organizations, private industry, and non governmental organizations. There were significant offers to assist in this project from the attendees. 5. Follow up with IADB in Washington DC and Tegucigalpa, Honduras to develop support funding for the project. We believe that this project will benefit the three GoF Member States and the type of cooperation we are establishing will set a precedent for future projects.
5 An unofficial translation of the Unified Declaration signed by the Presidents of Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Honduras Subject Gulf of Fonseca The presidents of the Republic of El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua met in the Managua 4 december 2012: Agreed: Establish a tri national commission with the objective to maintain the Gulf of Fonseca a zone of peace, sustainable development, and security, the commission has the following tasks: a. Review the progress of the execution of the decision by the International Court of Justice b. Update the implementation of the Naval Force protocol in the Gulf of Fonseca to guarantee the peace in the zone. c. Accelerate the execution of strategic integrated development in the Gulf of Fonseca present a portfolio of projects in the areas of economic development, sustainable environmental development and security with goals on mobilizing the resources to implement those projects. d. The tri national commission representatives will name working groups and present them to the Presidents within 90 days. e. Announce to the international community that all Gulf of Fonseca affairs will be handled by the tri national commission.
6 DECLARACIÓN CONJUNTA DE LOS PRESIDENTES DE NICARAGUA, EL SALVADOR Y HONDURAS Tema: Golfo de Fonseca Los presidentes de la República de El Salvador, Honduras y Nicaragua, reunidos en la ciudad de Managua el 4 de diciembre del 2012 Acuerdan: 1.- Constituir una comisión trinacional con la finalidad de mantener en el Golfo de Fonseca como una zona de paz, desarrollo sostenible y seguridad, esta comisión tendrá las siguientes áreas de trabajo: a).- Revisar el estado de cumplimiento de la ejecución de la sentencia de la Corte Internacional de Justicia de b).- La actualización e implementación del protocolo de actuación de las fuerzas navales en el Golfo de Fonseca para garantizar la tranquilidad y la paz en dicha zona. c).- Acelerar la ejecución de la estrategia de desarrollo integral del Golfo de Fonseca presentando un portafolio de proyectos en las áreas de desarrollo económico, sostenible, medio ambiente y seguridad, con miras a la movilización de los recursos necesarios para la implementación de estos. d).- Dicha comisión trinacional será presidida por las cancillerías de los respectivos países quienes conjuntamente definirán la conformación de los grupos de trabajo y presentarán a los presidentes un primer informe en 90 días. e).- Manifestar ante la comunidad internacional que todos los temas relativos al Golfo de Fonseca serán abordados por la comisión trinacional que se ha sido creada. Firman: Mauricio Funes Cartagena, Presidente de la República El Salvador Porfirio Lobo Sosa, Presidente de la República de Honduras Daniel Ortega Saavedra, Presidente de la República de Nicaragua
7 Gulf of Fonseca Meeting Attendees Attendees Name Company Paul Cooper CARIS USA Inc Antenor Gordillo Leivaquetzal.com Pto Quetzal Carlos Figueroa Centro Nacional de Registros (CNR), EL Salvador Carlos Portillo Chris Hancock Konsberg Marine Gilberto Concepción-Rosario Henry Nicol EMSISA Isaías Montoya Jan Haug Kristensen Nicaragua Konsberg Marine Empresa Nacional Portuaria (ENP), Honduras National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), Guatemala Jeff Bryant Untied Kingdom Hydrographic office (UKHO) Jim Rogers NGA Julio Alberto Conrado Sazo Luis Fernando Urzúa Súchite Mario Rojas Arevalo Nick Lambert UKHO Empresa Portuaria Quetzal Guatemala Empresa Portuaria Quetzal Guatemala Otto Noack Sierra Comite Centro Americana de Ttransportes Maritimas (COCATRAM) Rafael Ponce Urbina ESRI Rob Van Robert Ward International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) QPS Tom Karsten UKHO Alejandro Gerones CARIS
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