(GUÍA_DE_ESTUDIO) Recuerda los verbos regulares y stem-changing verbs.

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1 (GUÍA_DE_ESTUDIO) Recuerda los verbos regulares y stem-changing verbs. All the information is here. You don t need to study all the stem-changing verbs, just the ones we have seen. HANGING%20VERBS.pdf Recuerda el presente del verbo IR. Recuerda la diferencia entre los verbos SABER y CONOCER.

2 Recuerda los artículos determinados e indeterminados. In English, the definite article is the word "the" regardless of whether the noun it introduces is singular or plural. the cookie the cookies In Spanish, the definite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. el gato the male cat los gatos the male cats la gata las gatas the female cat the female cats Note: The masculine plural definite and indefinite articles (los, unos) are also used to indicate a group of mixed sex. Thus, "los gatos" could refer to a group of 10 male cats, or it could refer to a group of 9 female cats and one male cat. The 4 forms of the definite article are: El masculine singular Los masculine plural La feminine singular Las feminine plural In English, the indefinite article is the word "a," "an," or "some." a cookie an apple some books

3 In Spanish, the indefinite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. un gato unos gatos una gata unas gatas a male cat some male cats a female cat some female cats Note: Remember, as long as the group of creatures has at least one male member, the masculine plural article is used. Thus, "unos gatos" could refer to a group of 10 male cats, or it could refer to a group of 9 female cats and one male cat. The 4 forms of the indefinite article are: Un Una Unos Unas masculine singular feminine singular masculine plural feminine plural "Un" and "una" can mean "one," "a," or "an." un libro una pluma una manzana one book, a book one pen, a pen one apple, an apple From studyspanish.com Recuerda los comparativos COMPARISONS OF INEQUALITY: In Spanish, inequality is expressed by using one of the following formulae: más (menos) + adjective + que más (menos) + adverb + que más (menos) + noun + que

4 Here are some examples: Tú eres más alto que yo. You are taller than I. Mónica habla más lentamente que Carmen. Monica speaks more slowly than Carmen. Tengo menos libros que Arsenio. I have fewer books than Arsenio. If the comparative is followed by a number, use de rather than que. Hay menos de veinte alumnos en la clase. (There are less than twenty students in the class). Él tiene más de noventa años. (He is more than ninety years old). Note that when the sentence is negative, que is used even with numbers, to convey the meaning "only." Tengo más de cinco dólares. (I have more than five dollars.) but No tengo más que cinco dólares. (I only have five dollars.) Hay más de veinte estudiantes en la clase. (There are more than twenty students in the class.) but No hay más que veinte estudiantes en la clase. (There are only twenty students in the class.) COMPARISONS OF EQUALITY To form the comparisons of equality using adjectives or adverbs, use the following formula: tan + adjective (adverb) + como El libro es tan bueno como la película. El chico es tan alto como la chica. (The book is as good as the movie.) (The boy is as tall as the girl.)

5 To form comparisons of equality with nouns, use the following formula: tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como Juan tiene tanto dinero como María. Él tiene tanta paciencia como ella. Tiene tantos libros como ella. Tiene tantas plumas como ella. (as much money as) (as much patience as) (as many books as) (as many pens as) Choose the form of tanto to agree with the noun it modifies. tanto dinero tanta paciencia tantos libros tantas plumas When actions (not things) are being compared, and there is no adjective, use the following formula: verb + tanto + como Recuerda la expesión HACE+ TIME + QUE + SUBJECT + VERB IN PRESENT Ejemplo: Hace seis meses que toco la guitarra. I have been playing the guitar for six months.

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