1 Electric cars in Oro Valley Pg. 2 Ancient artifacts preserved Pg. 3 Tucson Padres season in full swing Pg. 8 En Español Página 7 Free grátis The Since 1981 ChronicleJune 2011 Journalism Diversity Workshop for Arizona High School Students myhsj.org/thechronicle junio 2011 Ex-prostitute shines light on child sex trade By Corina Gallardo When April 22 arrives each spring, Carolyn Jean Jones celebrates her anniversary. The date does not mark her birthday, a marriage, or the birth of her daughter. Instead, it marks the day she left the grim street corners of Phoenix, leaving the abusive life of prostitution, drug use and despair she had lived since the age of 13. Jones was once one of the thousands of young girls each year who are lured, then trapped within America s hidden illegal sex trade. Jones parents divorced when she was 5 years old, leaving her feeling torn in two. The divorce left her shocked, confused and feeling like she had to act differently around each new family her parents formed. If a problem occurred at one house, she would run to her other parent s house. Every time conflicts came or emotions came, or confusion came, I just ran, she said. At the age of 13 Jones was sexually molested. She felt dirty, ashamed. Here I was already not feeling good about myself, she said. My body had been violated. She began self-medicating with alcohol. Eventually, she turned to marijuana to cover up all the sadness. Jones mother worked long hours, often working two jobs at a time. Her stepfather and brother s frequent violent arguments often led to the drawing of guns. Jones, the middle child, was forced to take on the motherly role in her family, taking care of food and cleaning. Despite her mother s absence, Jones said, My mom did everything she could, so I didn t have to become the girl I eventually became anyway. Her life took another turn at 15, when Jones ran away from all her troubles and traded in her home for the street life of Phoenix. The streets welcomed me, she said. The men were telling me how pretty I looked. She heard the words she wished her father had said. For the first time, she felt special. One day a man told me if I (would) go up to a motel with him, he would give me $100, Jones said. She was still 15 years old at the time. She accepted, and when they arrived at the hotel the man explained exactly what he wanted her to do in order to earn that $100. With no place to stay and nowhere to go, Jones traded her body for the man s money, beginning her life as a prostitute. Jones plight is not uncommon. An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked for sex each year, according to The United Nations Children s Fund. Sex Trafficking /see page 4 More about Streetlight Phoenix Children participate in swim lessons at Catalina Pool, one of the city pools remaining open this summer. Second year of city pool closures By Chandler Longbons Swimmers and pool staff are feeling a ripple effect this summer after budget cuts led to the closing of 17 of the city s 27 pools. The cuts made in January 2010, which reduced the $3 million Parks and Recreation s aquatics budget by half and required 17 pools to close for two consecutive summers, continue to affect swimmers, families and lifeguards. Billy Sassi, the Parks and Recreation Aquatics program manager, says that his department is among the most costly and was one of the first considered for budget cuts. As a result, the number of staff that could be hired was also cut in half, from 350 to 175 employees. The lifeguard staff at pools around the city are feeling the aftermath of the closures. Though cuts have reduced the number of available job positions, Sassi says he has trouble finding young people who want to work as lifeguards. The lack of Photo by Chandler longbons stability in lifeguard jobs is driving some applicants away, Sassi said. I think kids are realizing that the pools, there aren t as many open and so they aren t going to waste their time to go get the lifeguard training, and first aid, and CPR, they are going to go somewhere else where they can go and be sure and get a job, that s what we are seeing, Sassi said. Stephanie Elias has worked at various Tucson city pools for the past six years and is now a lifeguard at Archer Pool, 1665 S. La Cholla Blvd. Getting a job as a lifeguard is much less competitive than in previous years, when those who were hired had five or six years of experience, Elias said. With these veteran lifeguards no longer interested in working for the pools, more first-year lifeguards are being hired. The biggest issue the lifeguards say they deal with, though, is complaints. A lot of people complain to us that a lot of the pools are closed and they have to drive really far just Pools /see page 4 Local students return from amazing S. Korea trip By Demetrius Kent Four students and two teachers from a Tucson middle school returned this month from a twoweek excursion to South Korea as part of an exchange program. They ate Korean cuisine, studied Korean curriculum, and learned the Korean way of life. The group was the first to make the trip as a part of Tucson Unified Photo Courtesy Margaret Pasquet Middle school students at airport after arriving back home from South Korea. School District s Tucson Korea Ambassador Program. An initiative of TUSD s Asian Pacific American Studies Department, this program aims to create memorable cross-cultural experiences for Tucson students. For the past three years, the program has brought Korean students to come and live in America with host families for one month. They eat American food, go to American schools, and see American sights. But, for the first time, members from a local Tucson school were able to go to South Korea. They spent a week in Ulleungdo, and then another week in Seoul. The island, Ulleungdo, was so small that participant Leslie Kenney saw all of it by tour bus in only one hour. The community was so tightly knit, and everybody was so comfortable with one another, that the few police officers stationed there were often relaxed, conversing with the locals, she said. Ulleungdo is a remote island, 75 miles east of the Korean Peninsula. The fact that we re sending kids there from Tucson is unheard of, said Margaret Pasquet, director of the Asian American Studies Department. Rick Stancliffe, whose daughter Hope was on the trip, says that experiences like these don t come often. For this reason, these students parents were eager to have them go. It s the opportunity of a lifetime, Stancliffe said. Kenney s father, who is also named Leslie Kenney, spoke of how willing he was to let his daughter visit a foreign country. He felt that this program would open his daughter s eyes to a culture that she had never seen before. My wife was kind of, you know, Oh my god, she s going across the ocean, and I was like go, he said. Leslie Kenney can describe her time in Ulleungdo in one word: amazing. From learning that Koreans throw their toilet paper away rather than flushing it, to getting used to kneeling and sitting on the floor instead of lounging on couches, she and fellow students were introduced to customs that they had never been before, Kenney said. Deanna Campos, a teacher who accompanied the students to Korea, said that the students immersion into Korean culture gave them a broader understanding of the world around them. The experience will have an everlasting impact. It has changed their lives, she said. Online Extras Mercado San Agustín Video by Martha Gallardo Plus VIDEO: Meet Me Downtown 5K Walk/Run in honor of Gabe Zimmerman STORY: Brain injuries STORY: UA Hillel center expands myhsj.org/thechronicle
2 Page 2 Página 2 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle June 2011 junio 2011 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle The Chronicle is a publication of the Journalism Diversity Workshop for Arizona High School Students, a program of the University of Arizona School of Journalism journalism.arizona.edu 2010 Robert P. Knight Multicultural Recruitment Award Winner Director Lisa Button Assistant Director Veronica M. Cruz Mentors Brittine Bahena, Kristina Bui, Andrés Domínguez, Devlin Houser, Matt Lechuga, Shannon Maule, Josh Morgan, Lucy Valencia Editor in Chief Corina Gallardo Assistant Editors Shane Weinstein, Kristy Westgard Reporters Alexis Lopez, Lacey Tewanema Design Chief Adam Carrillo Designers Jessica Gonzalez, Lizzy Sesteaga Multimedia Editor Halli Lomayaktewa Photo Editor Christina Rucker Spanish Editor Martha Gallardo Copy Editors Demetrius Kent, Chandler Longbons Online Editor Jessica Gonzalez Assistant Online Editor Kimberly Linn Distribution Manager Kimberly Linn Special Thanks Stephen Ceasar, Nicole Santa Cruz, Carina Enriquez, Nate Olivarez-Giles, Chelo Grub, Matt Felix, Matt Lewis, Sal Quijada, Casey Sapio The workshop administration and participants thank the Dow Jones News Fund, our primary sponsor, Wick Communications, Concerned Media Professionals, University of Arizona Student Affairs, Hopi Education Endowment Fund and Hopi Foundation for their support. The 2011 Chronicle staff thanks the school for its continued support and sponsorship. The Journalism Diversity Workshop for Arizona High School Students is an annual program and welcomes high school students from all over Arizona to participate in a nine-day, intensive journalism program. For more information, please contact Lisa Button at The Chronicle was printed with funding from Wick Communications. University of Arizona School of Journalism P.O. Box B Tucson, AZ University of Arizona School of Journalism An oil-free Oro Valley, one plug at a time Photo by Kristy Westgard Bookmans new electric charger makes it easy for customers to charge up as they browse the used bookstore. Ecotality uses electric cars to maintain the environment By Kristy Westgard For the two months Jason Trible has owned a fully electric Nissan Leaf, the experience has been smooth riding in nearly every aspect. A major roadblock he and other electric vehicle drivers have come across is the lack of charging stations. With the planned installation of more than 200 charging stations in Oro Valley, electric vehicle owners like Trible will no longer come across this all too common issue. I definitely am looking forward to having more stations because I have a little bit of concern about distance, Trible said. In an attempt to increase sustainability in Oro Valley, four electric vehicle charging stations will be installed in the Town Hall parking lot for electric vehicle owners to park and plug-in for free. These four charging stations are coming at no charge to Oro Valley via the Electric Vehicle (EV) Project, a program of Ecotality, a San Francisco company originally based in Tempe. Ecotality received $230 million in grants from the U.S. Department of Energy and private investors. Fire danger stops girls from scouting By Jessica Gonzalez Girl Scouts won t build campfires on Mt. Lemmon this summer or at least not any time soon. Officials closed the Coronado National Forest June 9 because of fire danger, forcing the Girl Scouts of Southern Arizona to cancel their anticipated Mt. Lemmon camping trip. At first it seemed very sad and disappointing, but the girls safety is the top priority, said Courtney Shelton, 15. Shelton has been in Girl Scouts for 11 years and was going to be a helper at the camp. About 490 girls, ages 7 to 17, will have to find different summer plans after the cancellation of crafts, backpacking, archery, theater, dance, engineering, science and sports at Whispering Pines. The EV Project s goal is to pave the way and build up the right infrastructure plan for the next wave of electric vehicles that are going to be coming out in the next couple years, said Marc Sobelman, EV Project area manager of Arizona, referring to the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt. Trible made the switch to electric after previously driving a Mazda Miata. He says he enjoys the Nissan Leaf he s driven for two months. It doesn t idle or shake, it just sits there. In a regular car you ve got the noise of the engine revving and you ve got the shifting. In an electric car it s just there, it feels like it s effortless to accelerate, he said. Another goal of the EV Project is to determine the behavioral aspects of electric vehicle locations. When the installed charging stations are used, data concerning the vehicle and the charger are collected and sent to University of California-Davis for analysis. From here, certain questions such as: Why did this location work better than that one? can be answered, Sobelman said. Oro Valley is just one of several host cities chosen by Ecotality who considered Arizona a good choice for adopting the electric vehicle. The University of Arizona also offers stations in a few parking garages. We ve got a few requests from people who wonder, if they needed to plug in, where they could do that, said David Heineking, the school s Parking and Transportation Services director. Heineking said he realizes that the demand for electric vehicles is not great enough to require more stations. Typical buyers of electric cars are people who are really environmentally conscious or are predicting an even higher cost of gas, he said. Heineking said the purchase of more stations would be considered as the need arises. Interest in electric vehicles on the UA campus is evident through the UA car-sharing program whose fleet of rentable campus vehicles now includes an electric Nissan Leaf. Bookmans, a used bookstore on 1930 E. Grant Road, houses one of the sleek new charging stations and offers the service for free. People that don t even have electric cars come in and ask about it, said facility manager Michael Olivares. It s bringing awareness that there s a growing (electric vehicle) community in Tucson The EV Project In Numbers Pre-Project $115 million Grant from the U.S. Department of Energy $115 million Investment from private partners During Project 14,000 Blink charging stations installed 8,300 Electric vehicles released 7 Host states 18 Major cities involved 12/2012 End of the EV Project Post- Project 240 Electric vehicle charging stations planned for installment in Oro Valley. 5 million Electric vehicles on the market small, but growing. Bookmans previously had an older version of the electric charger that Olivares said proved very complicated. But nearly two years ago, it was revamped and the newer, more user-friendly Blink charger took its place. Olivares said the new charger attracts more electric vehicle drivers, and attributes this growth partially to an increase in the community s awareness of the vehicles. With the new EV charger, there was a lot of hype about it, which was valid because it is very easy to use and it s free, he said. But there still aren t many in the Tucson area. I hate to mention it, Trible said, but inherent to any electric car, you have, of course, the limited range and, at this point, the limited places to fill up. When the EV Project ends in December 2012, Sobelman said Ecotality will hand over the charging stations to the host cities for free. Then the cities will decide whether to keep the stations or remove them. If Oro Valley decides to keep these stations, Oro Valley Town Hall s four free stations will likely begin charging money, that is. The Girl Scout camps at Mt. Lemmon were to begin on June 13 and continue through the end of July. Summer camp is something that the girls look forward to and plan on, year round. Girls are able to sell Girl Scout cookies to earn money for camp, so many girls have been planning on this since last year, said Kristi Pallack, Mission to Market coordinator for Girl Scouts of Southern Arizona- Sahuaro. Emma Fickett, an 8-year-old Brownie, said that her troop went to a practice camp to prepare. We went hiking, and made bracelets and stuff, Emma said. Girl Scouts is a way for girls to learn and experience things people wouldn t normally learn, Shelton said. It really opens a new world of opportunities that people usually don t get to see. The cancellation of the camps has not dampened the spirits of the Girl Scouts, Shelton said. The Girl Scouts hope to reschedule the camps for July, Pallack said. Although Reesa Fickett, Emma s mother, said her daughter was disappointed not to go to camp now, they have made family plans to make up for it. She was very disappointed. She didn t cry, but she was very bummed, Fickett said. We go camping as a family every summer and that s what we re doing instead of (Girl Scout) camp. The Girl Scouts motto is to help girls discover the fun, friendship, and power of girls together, according to the organization s website. Girls typically meet once a week during the school year and participate in leadership activities, character building exercises, and having fun with arts and crafts. Each group works together to obtain badges, which stand for different skill-building accomplishments. After obtaining a set amount of patches, members can move up to higher rankings. Scouts begin in Daisies and can be promoted to Brownies, Juniors, and eventually become a Cadet Girl Scout. The scouts are staying positive and hoping for rain, so that the forest service can re-open Mt. Lemmon, Pallack said. The girls that I have spoken with are very sad, but they all seem to understand why it must be done, she added.
3 June 2011 junio 2011 Journalism Diversity Workshop for arizona high school students Page 3 Página 3 ArizonA HistoricAl society/tucson AHs 2911 Residents of 1885 Tucson walk along Congress Street, one of many areas in which the Best Fest will take place. The celebration is being planned by the Arizona Centennial Commission. Arizona prepares to celebrate its centennial By Shane Weinstein Arizonans rejoiced in the streets, firing their revolvers into the air and spooking horses. The moment was one to celebrate. It was Feb. 14, 1912, and President William Taft had just given Arizona its statehood, making it the 48th state to join the nation. Now, nearly a century later, Arizonans are again celebrating that momentous day this time, with eight months worth of festivals, parades, rodeos and raffles. The Arizona Centennial Commission is sponsoring more than a dozen activities in the next eight months. Embrace it and celebrate it because it will surely be a unique experience, said Maryfrances Krumwiede, projects manager for the Centennial Commission. We want people to rejoice and make a big deal over this special day. One of the largest upcoming events is the Best Fest. It is a celebration of the best of the state in every genre, Krumwiede said. The Best Fest will take place in Tucson from Nov. 11 to 13. The festival will be the largest of any kind to be held in the history of the state. Each festival will be held in the hosting city s downtown area and they will all be unique to the city they are being held in, Krumwiede said. Tucson s festival will have a lot of Southwestern themes and flavors incorporated. As part of the Centennial Penny Drive, 50 elementary schools from all over the state collected pennies in February to clean and shine the dome on the capitol building in Phoenix. According to Krumwiede, the dome has not been washed in over 20 years. Estes Elementary in Marana won the competition after gathering over 130,000 pennies. Charles Jones, former chief justice of the Arizona Supreme Court and honorary cochair for the commission, is excited about the raffling of the Copper Chopper, a motorcycle made of copper. The Copper Chopper is truly exquisite, said Jones. Absolutely do not miss it. The bike features many fine details, including the centennial celebration s logo. The bike will be touring the state, including a stop in Sept. 30 in Willcox, before finally being raffled in February at a celebration in Phoenix. Other events, while not planned by the commission, have their seal of approval, Krumwiede said. Other events range from the 2012 Tucson Rodeo Parade and the La Fiesta De Los Vaqueros to the Silver Spike Festival in March, a celebration and re-enactment of when the railroad came to Tucson, and Wings Over Willcox, a January bird watching and nature festival in Willcox. Planners expect the centennial celebration to spread a message of state pride across the Grand Canyon State. The state s 100th birthday is a big deal, Jones said. It is one that should be celebrated loud and proud and really show that Arizonans care about their state. Cultural finds land at Arizona State Museum By Halli Lomayaktewa In the 1970s laws and attitudes started changing about archaeological artifacts found at construction sites. In 1979, the Archaeological Resource Protection Act was passed. According to the law, developers who pick a site that could have artifacts must go through a special process. When developers are doing a ground disturbance, the company or the contractor must hire an archaeologist to do the excavations. And they have to arrange for a repository to store the material they find so that it is available for future research, said Arthur Vokes, curator of the archaeological repository collection at the Arizona State Museum. Whether it s developers putting up houses or archeologists removing their finds, materials are destroyed, but at least we are trying to record it, Vokes said. The museum, located on the University of Arizona campus in Tucson, is the default repository for the state and is the largest nonfederal repository in the country. There are state and federal guidelines on what materials qualify. Desert Archaeology, Inc. is one of the companies that brings collections to the museum. Desert Archaeology surveys land for developers, said Desert Archaeology Laboratory Director Lisa Eppley. When Arizona State Museum houses finds from urban excavation sites. companies like Desert Archaeology find artifacts, they tell the museum. If we can t find anything, we give the OK for the company to go ahead and do the construction site. But if we do find something, we recommend to them things on what can be done, Eppley said. The Arizona State Museum stores salvaged artifacts including arrowheads and pottery sherds from construction sites in Tucson. There are 25,000 boxes of artifacts in the archaeological repository at the museum, according to Theah Erickson, an assistant curator. Recently, the museum was given a garnet gem from the 1800s that was found in downtown Tucson, Erickson said. The National Association Grave Protection Reparation Act is a federal law that went into effect in the 1990s. It governs human remains and associated artifacts. That material never comes here automatically. Instead, they go to the tribes that have already been selected to get it, Vokes said. The museum sometimes gets items from projects started as far back as a decade ago, Erickson said. Mike Jacobs is the curator of the archaeological collection at the museum. His main job is cataloging and researching information about the artifacts. Jacobs said if developers are caught skipping the excavation process, they face legal consequences. The law is enforcing that the developers have to go through the process of archeology, Jacobs said. Fines for violations can reach up to thousands of dollars, he said. PHoto by christina rucker Other repositories in Arizona include the Museum of Northern Arizona, Sharlot Hall Museum and Arizona State University. It s your cultural heritage that you re talking about, Vokes said. Once you excavate, it s gone. There is no way to get it back.
4 Page 4 Página 4 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle June 2011 junio 2011 SEX TRAFFICKING Continued from page 1 Oftentimes, children as young as 5 are brought into the sex industry and forced to perform sexual acts against their will. The average age of a child prostitute is 13, according to the Department of Justice. About 450,000 children in the United States run away from home each year, one third of whom are lured into sex slavery within 48 hours of leaving home, according to a study by the Department of Justice. At the age of 16, Jones learned she was pregnant by her emotionally and physically abusive boyfriend. After losing custody of her child, Jones progressed to using crack cocaine to numb the pain while continuing with her use of marijuana and alcohol. She continued to prostitute herself and began selling drugs to support her crack cocaine addiction. She was arrested for selling drugs 11 years later and sentenced to 18 months at a drug rehabilitation center. I told (the judge) I didn t have a problem selling drugs. My problem was I used drugs, Jones said. If he could help me and send me to rehab, I could get myself together. After the program, Jones stayed clean for 10 years. She got married and her daughter was returned to her. Jones even purchased a house. But before long, her life began to unravel. The marriage had fallen apart and the long hours she worked at local churches began taking their toll. Feeling overwhelmed, she returned to her life on the street. POOLS Continued from page 1 to get here, says Ashley Doyle, a lifeguard for three years at Archer Pool. Elias also notices the complaints of parents, specifically when dealing with swim lessons. Like with the staff numbers and the budget, spots for swim lessons have been halved from 8,000 to 4,000 since the first cut. A lot of parents are kind of upset because they have to pay $15 up front and then even then you don t get a for-sure spot (at your pool of choice), Elias says about the Parks and Recreations lottery system that decides where children are enrolled in lessons. This process has parents select their top three choices of pools to take their kids to lessons. Parks and Recreation selects the pool based on the abilities and skill level of the children. Not being able to go to their pool of choice creates a problem for some parents who want their children to learn pool safety. Maha al-khateev has had difficulties enrolling her two children. If they have a space, I can t come because it is too far, said al-khateev, who had to apply to three other pools before finding a spot at Catalina Pool, 2004 N. Dodge Blvd, which is near her home. Wendy Weeks, another mother whose two young children take lessons at Catalina Pool, says she has not gone through the same hassle of finding an opening at Catalina Pool. At some of the other pools I think it is harder, and when you do I became a failure all over again, Jones said. Soon after, her sister was killed during a rash of prostitute killings in Garfield, a historic district of Phoenix. Corey Morris, then 24, was convicted of several murders in the area. Morris lured prostitutes to his home with drugs and alcohol. There, he would kill them, and then dump the bodies in the Garfield area behind his uncle s property. Four of the women who were found dead were Jones close friends. Investigating sex trafficking crimes presents a uniquely emotional task for law enforcement. The biggest campaign is education, and then working aggressively when it is suspected that trafficking has occurred, said Immigration and Customs Enforcement Deputy Special Agent Rick Crocker. He recalled a case in Memphis, where a prostitution ring trafficking young Latino females was identified. A 14-year-old girl was rescued from this ring, after being smuggled into the U.S. It was a very emotional experience, and there was not a dry eye in the room, Crocker said. Jones reached her tipping point at a Phoenix bus stop. The feeling she had nothing left to live for consumed her, she said. I cried out to God and said, Please get me out of this, I don t want to live like this. Give me a chance to live again, a chance to get my life back I ll do whatever you say, Jones said. Her resurgence into life away from the streets may have come when she was bit by a poisonous spider. Jones was taken to a hospital the lottery you don t know what pool you re going to get, said Weeks. All children who are registered are guaranteed a spot at one of the open pools, Sassi said. Distance is another factor for parents when deciding not to make the trip to another pool, and so is the loss of community that was established at their neighborhood pools. What I know happened is a lot of people just opted out completely, said Michelle Kinnison. Her two daughters, ages 10 and 12, were enrolled in a swim team at Himmel Pool, 1000 N. Tucson Blvd, before it closed. So of course there are places with spots available because they know a lot of people went to the private sector, she said. Waking up every morning and swimming was part of the Budget cuts leave Himmel Pool in central Tucson empty. for treatment. The bite forced her to stay in an extended care rest home for a month to recover. Once she left, she knew she could not return to the streets again. Instead of going home, she returned to a rehabilitation center for three months before working at a separate center where she eventually became a manager. She worked in that position for eight years before joining a program in Phoenix called Streetlight. The faith-based nonprofit organization, is funded solely by donations. The organization recently opened a chapter in Tucson. Its 2009 income was $1.13 million, according to tax documents. The program s focus, along with awareness and prevention, is to bring relief and direct services to girls between ages 11 and 17, who have been prostituted or trafficked. Melody Bosna, a residential director at Streetlight, deals with the direct care and management of the girls, who average around the age of 15. The girls come to Streetlight either through FBI and law enforcement, or on their own. I think one of the things that just stands out to me with working with this population is how amazingly resilient these children are, Bosna said. People tend to think these girls are simply deviant girls. Today, Jones focuses on shining light upon the dark street corners, where young girls continue to sell their bodies. She speaks at schools, churches or anywhere else she can stop someone to trumpet her cause. And to the young, invisible victims of sex trafficking, her message is simple. It is not about how they start, but how they finish, Jones said. Never give up hope. Kinnison childrens daily routine each summer. But since the closing of Himmel Pool, Kinnison s children have not joined another team because of the distance they would have to travel each morning for practice. We met a lot of people through swim team, she said. Her 5-yearold daughter, Rosemary, has recently joined swim lessons at the University of Arizona. Now that the neighborhood pools are closed, some people are changing their habits by choosing not to swim or to make a longer drive. Kinnison said she hopes the community pools will reopen in the near future, even if it means increasing the admission fee. We used that pool. We really, really loved having that pool open, she said. Photo by ChANdler longbons Photo Courtesy of NAsA/GsfC/the university of ArizoNA OSIRIS-REx provides University of Arizona students with unique opportunities. UA faculty, students to take part in $800M NASA asteroid project By Kimberly Linn The University of Arizona recently began preparations for an $800 million space program sponsored by NASA. OSIRIS-REx, short for Origins- Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer, an unmanned spacecraft, is expected to depart in September 2016 from Kennedy Space center and approach an Earth-hazardous asteroid to take a sample of its surface. One hundred UA undergraduate students will assist with the program. The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is expected to reach the asteroid in October The spacecraft will return at the Utah Test Range north and west of Salt Lake City at 8 a.m. Sept. 23, 2023, said Michael Drake, head of the UA department of Planetary Sciences. We have identified the OSIRIS-Rex project as the most exciting and compelling and necessary next project in planetary science, said Paul Hertz, chief scientist for NASA s Science Mission Directorate. Throughout the entire mission, the UA will allow undergraduate students to help work the mission. These students will earn a decent salary, Drake said. Drake will not be particular when assigning students to work on the mission. Students simply have to show an interest and offer We feel very strongly that there is not a distinction between research and teaching. something useful. Students who show interest in continuing to lend their services to this program after graduation could conceivably be put on staff as full-time employees, according to Drake. They can build a career while simultaneously getting an education. We feel very strongly that there is not a distinction between research and teaching, they are kind of seamlessly integrated," Drake said. Along with giving students a unique opportunity, the project will give scientists a better understanding of one of Earth s biggest threats. The asteroid it will study, is the most accessible carbonaceous asteroid and the most potentially Earth-hazardous asteroid known, according to NASA. For more information, visit: dia_id= Learn about Spacefest, the largest gathering of space enthusiasts, and see an interview with Apollo 9 astronaut Rusty Schweickart online.
5 June 2011 junio 2011 Journalism Diversity Workshop for arizona high school students Page 5 Página 5 Students talk about Japan s triple disaster By Kristy Westgard Initial media coverage in Japan following the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis left the impression that much of the country was completely destroyed. Cameras rarely ventured beyond the destroyed coastline to the areas that survived. The Chronicle interviewed two foreign students attending the Sendai Language School (SLS) of Sendai, Japan, and the school s director about the triple disaster that struck Japan on March 11. SLS is a school centered in Sendai s downtown district, about 10 miles from the coast where major destruction occurred. Iranian Reza Jahaneakhsha, 27, went by (his) own charge to study Japanese at SLS. At his former job at Nissan, he worked with many Japanese co-workers. During the earthquake, Jahaneakhsha was instructed to crawl underneath a desk to avoid falling objects. Nestor Isaza, from Bogota, Colombia, has been in Japan for six months working toward his master s degree in architecture. He attends SLS to learn the culture through the language. At the time of the earthquake, Isaza and his roommate were in their apartment. As the building shook harder the electricity went out for about seven minutes, Isaza said. Miyuki Shiratori, SLS director and a Japanese native, also shared her personal experience. When the earthquake struck, Shiratori was meeting with a Russian exchange student at the time of the earthquake. The two went under a desk when the foreign exchange student realized the earthquake was going to be bigger than normal. Q: What did it sound like during the earthquake? Isaza: The sound is pretty different. It s hard to describe because it s just a black sound. When you turn on the TV and you have no signal, that s black sound. It sounds like someone is beating a drum. Q: How did the younger students take the earthquake? Shiratori: All of them were very shocked but some students seemed to be a little bit I don t know, enjoying it because it s shaking, but after the earthquake finished and they noticed the electricity power was off and the water stopped, they realized that the situation was really bad. Q: What did you feel when you heard about the tsunami? Isaza: Well, I was really surprised because the downtown of the city was perfect, well not perfect but was OK. But I was really shocked to know that the beach area of the city was over (destroyed) and the airport as well. I saw the news, and my family (in Colombia) saw the news. The news said that Sendai was erased from Japan so my family was very worried. But the reality you see on the news and the reality you see here is very, very different. They only show the really damaged part of the city but the west side of the city is not like that, it s OK. Q: Did you ever visit the epicenter of the earthquake? Isaza: Last week I went to do some volunteer work at Ishinomaki. It s about one hour from here, but the city was really damaged. We did a very good job cleaning the streets and pulling away the garbage, but you can still see the boats on the street and the cars damaged, that kind of thing. You can see houses, how they went out, fell down, and the smell is really strong, like a fishy smell. Q: How do you think that this disaster has reshaped Japan? Jahaneakhsha: It was a unique experience that I had in Japan. I didn t see anyone pass a red light in the street. People here really respect the law and they respect each other even in the worst situations. It was really amazing. When I came back to my country I explained to almost everyone what I saw here. People treat each other the Miyuki Shiratori, at Sendai Language School in Japan, Skypes with Chronicle staff in Tucson during the Journalism Diversity Workshop. Left: The LA Times front page the day after the tsunami and earthquake hit Japan. Courtesy Newseum.org. same way; you think that nothing really happened here, and it was really amazing. Q: What would you like the U.S. and other countries to know about your area in Japan? Isaza: Well, there are a lot of people helping. The government has done a wonderful job cleaning, and helping people. There s a lot of help coming from everywhere in the world and the Japanese people are working and studying, doing their thing, and they re not giving up. So that s a good thing to show instead of buildings destroyed. I know newspapers have to put things out, but not that way. A survivor among us: When politics get personal By Lacey Tewanema As she walked in the room to speak with The Chronicle staff, 6-foot-4-inch Abigail Hungwe commanded the attention of the room. She spoke slowly and deliberately, with a wide smile on her face. Surrounded by political unrest, Hungwe fled her home country for the United States in February Born and raised in Zvishavane, Zimbabwe, Hungwe left her family to travel on a student visa to pursue a degree in building management at Pima Community College in Tucson. There is a lot of instability in Zimbabwe, Hungwe said. And there is a so-called democracy, but you don t have a say. The politics caused quite a bit of panic and a lot of violence. Hungwe said she emigrated because of the changes Zimbabwe was going through and the dangers that she faced living there. In Zimbabwe, a lot of things happen. A lot of people disappear because of their views or the ideology that they abide to. Being a young, active person in Zimbabwe at the time was not OK, Hungwe said. When asked what might have happened if she had not left her home country, she paused and said, I might be dead. When she moved to the U.S. at the age of 22, Hungwe s immigration lawyer, Rachel Wilson, introduced her to The Owl and Panther Project, which is sponsored by The Hopi Foundation. The Owl and Panther Project provides activities for families who have been through traumatic experiences. The project helps find a refuge within a refuge, according to the organization s website. Owl and Panther was first organized in 1995 when refugee parents wanted their children to have special support like tutoring and summer school. Marge Pellegrino, program coordinator for The Owl and Panther Project, has known Hungwe since she started participating in When Abby first started with us, she didn t think she could write a poem, didn t think she d like to photograph, and she has Where on Earth is Zimbabwe? done both well, Pellegrino said. Abby is now a faithful volunteer who helps drive families and helps with the workshops, and offers her gentle encouragement to our families and to me. Hungwe applied to colleges in the U.S. and Pima Community College was the first to reply. To finance the move, Hungwe s mother, Chipo Mampokolo, had to make quite a few sacrifices, Hungwe said. Mampokolo sold cows to raise the money to send Hungwe to the U.S. In Zimbabwe, cows hold great cultural significance. Hungwe said she has since paid her mother back. The biggest struggle for Hungwe in adapting to life in America was living on her own, she said. In Zimbabwe, she was used to having family around her all the time. Hungwe earned a degree in building management, and now wants to go to Northern Arizona University for her bachelor of science degree. I ve always been fascinated with buildings, she said. Hungwe said the U.S. offers many more resources that give her the opportunity to reach her goals. Zimbabwe doesn t have the computer access and Internet resources that U.S. schools offer. My academic goals have been easier to meet here than they were in Zimbabwe, she said. Hungwe said that in the future, she wants to continue her education. Five years from now, I will be still having fun and I ll have met my education goals, she said. Hungwe said another positive aspect of U.S. living is the numerous activities she and her friends can do in their free time. Hungwe said she enjoys going on hikes, visiting museums and going out to clubs. She traveled to Northern Arizona to the Hopi Reservation through the Owl and Panther Project. Hungwe spent the night at the Hopi Reservation and said it was a Photo by halli lomayaktewa remarkable experience. The Hopi culture is similar to ours in Zimbabwe, she said. Hopi culture and Hungwe s culture are similar through use of the totem, Hungwe said. A totem is a title that is passed from parent to child at birth. The Zimbabwean totem follows the father s clan. The Hopi totem follows the mother s clan. She toured the different mesas, villages, ruins and other historical areas. She said she enjoyed her time there and that if she were invited to the reservation again, she would like to go back. Hungwe continues to be involved with Owl and Panther as a volunteer, working with other refugees. When I was in Zimbabwe, the thought of having a major impact in a stranger s life never occurred to me, Hungwe said. There is nothing like watching how grateful somebody is that you spent time teaching them how to write a sentence in English or showing them how to draw.
6 Page 6 Página 6 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle June 2011 junio 2011 Looking out for box turtles Arizona Game and Fish tracks turtles with public s help By Lizzy Sesteaga Turtles need your help. The Ornate Box Turtle population is declining in Arizona, and the Arizona Game and Fish Department is asking the public for assistance. In September 2009, Project Biologist Audrey Owens and Project Coordinator Cristina Jones of the Game and Fish Department established the Ornate Box Turtle Watch. The project was created to locate turtles, to learn more about their habits and behaviors and help sustain the population. Owens and Jones are trying to collect information to understand what area the turtles generally live in. By locating an area where many turtles live, biologists can study the natural habitats and learn more from watching the turtles in their environment. The project coordinators don t know exactly how many of these turtles live in Arizona, but people have not spotted them as often as before. Although Owens and Jones are stationed near Phoenix, the project was created to reach out to people who spend time in southeastern Arizona, where native Ornate Box Turtles occur, Jones said. Little information is needed when someone comes across a turtle. The individual fills out a simple form describing the location, surrounding environment and the turtle. We hope that it will give us a good database on factual locations throughout the range of southeastern Arizona, Owens said. Owens and Jones have limited data about the characteristics of the turtles. According to the Game and Fish Department website, box turtles are secretive and difficult to find. The department is collecting material to further understand why turtles hide. Jones said she thinks the program has been effective. In the past two years she and Owens have received just over 80 reports. In most cases the turtles have been spotted after a monsoon. Jones said she has no expectations for this long-term project, but she does hope to alert people about the lack of understanding about the turtles. The whole reason this Box Turtle Watch Project exists is because they re hard to see, said Cecil Schwalbe, assistant professor at the University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. I think it s an excellent way to try and bring citizens into the scientific process. Schwalbe actually has a box turtle of his own. Someone got tired of keeping it and they gave it to me. Tilly the turtle, he s great. Tucsonans can register to learn more about this project at a presentation on June 25 at Brandi Fenton Memorial Park. The presentation will be given by Owens and offered through the Pima County Parks and Recreation Department. Visit w_c/boxturtlewatch.shtml to participate in the program. Photo By t.r. Jones, courtesy of arizona Game and fish department the Game and fish department asks "citizen scientists" to document box turtle sightings, like this male found in southeastern arizona. Photo courtesy chrystal carpenter Items were placed on the UMC lawn for recovering Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and in honor of the other victims of the Jan. 8 shootings. Memory keeper tasked with Jan. 8 tributes By Adam Carrillo It was a sunny Saturday morning on Jan. 8 when a young man wearing a hoodie arrived via taxi at a Safeway grocery store in Tucson where Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was hosting a community event. Shortly after, she and 12 others were wounded and six were killed. Jared Lee Loughner, 22, was arrested at the scene after being tackled by bystanders. For the next few weeks, the lawn at University Medical Center where Giffords was being treated served as a refuge for grieving and healing. People left cards, posters, balloons, stuffed animals, candles, flowers, drawings and gifts to support and honor the victims. The site of the shooting and the congresswoman s office also had memorial sites. Once Giffords was relocated to a different hospital and victims conditions improved enough for them to return home, the media and the public s visits to the memorial became less frequent. It was at this time that Chrystal Carpenter, an archivist at the University of Arizona library, was chosen to pick up the pieces from the memorial sites. We would like the public to know we are honored to have (the memorial) and we re taking good care of it until the community decides what they would like to be done with it, said UMC spokeswoman Katie Riley. According to Carpenter, a committee will decide on the final location where the archived items will be stored. Carpenter, who graduated from the UA with a master s degree in Library Science, said she was humbled when chosen for the job. It was kind of by chance that Giffords office found me, but I feel honored to be able to do this, she said. One boy set out his lunch money on UMC s lawn in hopes of aiding the recovering congresswoman. It was so heartwarming to see what people had set out, but at the same time it was very tragic, Carpenter said. I have to zone out. Otherwise it is very emotional and difficult to complete what I am doing. Carpenter worked alongside 20 to 30 people to collect and pack up the items from the three sites. They began by drying off and wrapping some of the items. It is too early in the archiving process to estimate when the job will be completed, Carpenter said. For now, everything has been boxed and stored at UMC for her to archive. Remembering Sgt. Nance, one of the best By Halli Lomayaketewa On Sept. 19, 2010, I lost one of the best teachers I have ever had. His name was Sergeant Kevin Lee Nance, also known to the cadets as Sergeant. I was one of his cadets in the Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps. I knew Sgt. Nance for two years. He died in a car accident. Because I didn t have a dad, Sgt. Nance was like a father I got to see every day. What I remember the most is him smiling at everyone no matter what kind of mood he was in. On the day of Sgt. Nance s death, I was in journalism class. The intercom came on and the principal asked for all the Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps cadets to report to the classroom. I remember walking over and the room was so full that some of the cadets had to sit on the floor. I was past devastated. I didn't know what to think. I knew it was true but at the same time I didn't want to believe it. Halli Lomayaktewa When we were all there, our other instructor, Major Phillip S. Taylor, came out. After him was Sgt. Nance s wife, Patricia. Maj. Taylor announced to the cadets that Sgt. Nance had passed on. When the cadets heard this, they were all devastated. I was past devastated. I didn't know what to think. I knew it was true but at the same time I didn't want to believe it. Then Sgt. Nance s wife started to cry and I knew it was true. I started to cry; so did everyone else. When I saw Mrs. Nance crying, I got up and went to her and hugged her. I cried with her. I didn't want to leave the classroom, but Maj. Taylor told me to go to class and that it would be all right. By then it was already fifth hour. So I went to class, and then we went home. All day, I couldn t stop thinking about Sgt. Nance. The one person who knew me the most and helped me in my time of need was gone. On Sept. 22 at Hopi Junior Senior High School a memorial service was held. I went to honor Sgt. Nance. During the ceremony I tried to say some words to honor him but when I got to the podium I couldn't say a word. All that I could say was that he was like a father to me, and a tear rolled down my face. The tears showed that I loved him like he was really my own father. I couldn't say any more so I ran off the stage in tears. I cried until I got outside. When I tried to get air, it seemed like I couldn't. I was actually in the fetal position, crying. I got so lightheaded that I had to hold someone. I just couldn't stop crying. My three friends tried to calm me, I just didn t want to stop till my boyfriend came to me and held me so tight that I relaxed and stopped my crying. I left early because I couldn't handle it anymore. Sgt. Nance was born on Dec. 6, 1953, and was only 57 years old when he died. The Tanner Chapel AME Church held his funeral service Sept. 27. He was the sixth child in his family. He had two children of his own, a boy named Karlton Lavelle and a girl named Kalei Ana. He once lived in Chester, Pa., and was a member of the National Guard. He worked as the physical director at the YMCA in downtown Phoenix. He also got his bachelor of arts from Excelsior College in New York. He was given the National Defense Medal, the Army Meritorious Volunteer Service Award, the H.B. Daniels Community Service Award and the U.S. Army Good Conduct Medal. He was an army instructor for seven years at my high school. Sgt. Nance was there for me every day when my actual dad wasn t. He was the best instructor because he would talk to me when I was down, and ask what was going on at my house. Kevin L. Nance will never be forgotten in my and his wife s heart. We will always miss him and his smiles, his courageous words, his hugs, his weird jokes and, most importantly, him. No matter what, he will be with me in mind, body and soul.
7 Page 7 Página 7 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle June 2011 junio 2011 Ex-prostituta alza el velo que cubre el tráfico de prostitutas juveniles en EU Por Corina Gallardo Traducido por Lauren McElroy Herrera Cada año cuando llega el día 22 de abril, Carolyn Jean Jones celebra su aniversario. Esta fecha no marca su cumpleaños, ni un casamiento, ni el nacimiento de su hija. No. En cambio, marca el día en que ella dejó las esquinas siniestras de las calles de Phoenix, dejando atrás la vida de abuso que había vivido desde los 13 años, una vida de prostitución, uso de drogas y desespero. Jones una vez fue una de las miles de muchachas jóvenes que cada año son engañadas y luego atrapadas dentro del sistema oculto del tráfico ilegal de sexo en los Estados Unidos. Los padres de Jones se divorciaron cuando ella tenía 5 años, lo que la dejo sientiéndose como si hubiera sido partida en dos. El divorcio la dejó en estado de choque, confundida, y con la sensación de tener que actuar de una manera diferente en cada una de las nueva familias formadas por sus padres. Si ocurría un problema en la casa de su madre, se iba corriendo a la de su padre, y vice versa. Cada vez que había un conflicto o yo empezaba a sentir alguna emoción o a sentir confusión, simplemente me echaba a correr, dijo. A la edad de 13 años fue molestada sexualmente. Se sentía sucia, avergonzada. Ya tenía bastante baja la autoestima dijo. Mi cuerpo había sido violado. Empezó a automedicarse con el acohol. Eventualmente, empezó a usar la marijuana para cubrir toda la tristeza. La madre de Jones trabajaba muchas horas al día, y con frecuencia mantenía dos trabajos. Los argumentos frecuentes y violentos entre su padrastro y su hermano muchas veces terminaban con pistolas sacadas. Jones, la hija del medio, se vio forzada a tomar el papel de madre en su familia, encargada de la preparación de la comida y la limpieza. A pesar de la ausencia de su madre, Jones dijo, My mamá hizo todo lo posible para que yo no me convirtiera en la muchacha que de todas formas eventualmente llegué a ser. Su vida cambió de dirección otra vez a los quince años cuando quiso huir de todos sus problemas, cambiando la vida del hogar por la de las calles de Phoenix. Lavida de la calle me recibió con los brazos abiertos, dijo. Los hombres me comentaban lo bonita que me veía. Oyó las palabras que hubiera querido escuchar de los labios de su padre. Por primera vez se sintió como si fuera alguien especial. Un día me dijo un hombre que si yo me fuera con él a un hotel me daría $100, dijo Jones. Todavía tenía sólo 15 años. Aceptó, y cuando llegaron al hotel el hombre le Clamé a Dios, diciendo, Por favor sácame de esto. No quiero vivir así. Por favor, dame la oportunidad de vivir de nuevo, de recuperar mi vida explicó exactamente lo que quería que ella hiciera para ganarse los $100. Sin tener dónde dormir ni a dónde ir, Jones cambió el uso de su cuerpo por el dinero de aquel hombre, empezando así su vida de prostituta. El aprieto de Jones no se trata de una situación fuera de lo común. Se estima que 1,2 millones de niños son traficados cada año para ser explotados sexualmente, según la organización United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF). Con frecuencia niños con tan sólo 5 años de edad son incorporados a la industria del sexo para cometer actos sexuales contra su voluntad. La edad mediana de una prostituta infantil es de 13 años, según el Departamento de la Justicia. En los Estados Unidos más o menos niños se escapan de casa cada año. Antes de que hayan pasado 48 horas desde haber dejado sus hogares, la tercera parte de entre ellos ha sido engañada para incorporarse a la esclavitud sexual, según el Departamento de la Justicia. A la edad de 16 años, Jones aprendió que estaba embarazada y que el padre de su bebé era su novio quien la abusaba emocional y fisicamente. Después de haber perdido la tutela de su hija, Jones progresó al uso del crack para ya no sentir más el dolor mientras continuaba el uso de la marijuana y el alcohol. Continuaba a prostituirse y empezó a vender drogas para mantener su adicción al crack. Once años más tarde fue detenida por la policia por vender drogas, y recibió una pena de 18 meses en un centro de rehabilitación de drogas. Le dije al juez que mi problema no era el que vendiera las drogas, sino que las tomaba, Jones dijo. Y que si él me ayudara, mandándome a un centro de rehabilitación, yo me podría recomponer la vida. Después de terminar el programa de rehabilitación, Jones permaneció 10 años sin consumir drogas. Se casó y su hija le fue devuelta. Hasta compró una casa. Pero antes de pasar mucho tiempo, su vida empezó a deshacerse. Su matrimonio ya se había desecho y las largas horas que trabajaba en las iglesias locales empezaron a hacer estragos en ella. Sintiéndose abrumada, volvió de nuevo a la vida en la calle. Volví a ser un fracaso, una vez más, dijo Jones. Poco después, su hermana fue asesinada durante un brote de asesinatos de prostitutas en Garfield, un distrito histórico de Phoenix. Corey Morris, de 24 años, fue hallado culpable de varios asesinatos en la zona. Morris engañaba a las prostitutas, prometiéndolas drogas y alcohol para que vinieran a su casa. Una vez en la casa las mataba y botaba sus cuerpos en la zona de Garfield, detrás de la propiedad de su tío. Cuatro de las mujeres cuyos cuerpos fueron encontrados habían sido amigas íntimas de Jones. La investigación de los crímenes relacionados al tráfico de sexo representa una labor excepcionalmente conmovedora para la policia. La parte más importante de la campaña es la educación, seguido por el trabajo agresivo cuando se sopecha que se trata de tráfico de sexo, dijo Rick Crocker, un agente diputado especial de la agencia gubernamental Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Recordó un caso en Memphis, donde se identificó una banda de prostitución que traficaba jóvenes muchachas latinas. Una niña de 14 años fue rescatada después de haber sido traída clandestinamente a los Estados Unidos por esta organización criminal. Fue una experiencia muy conmovedora. Todos teníamos lágrimas en los ojos, dijo Crocker. Para Jones todo se desequilibró en una parada de autobus en Phoenix. Se sintió consumida por el sentimiento de que ya no le quedaba nada más en la vida, que no valía la pena seguir viviendo, dijo. Clamé a Dios, diciendo, Por favor sácame de esto. No quiero vivir así. Por favor, dame la oportunidad de vivir de nuevo, de recuperar mi vida Haré cualquier cosa que me digas, dijo Jones. Tal vez haya sido la picadura de una araña venenosa lo que le provocó su renacimiento en una vida que no fuera la de la calle. La llevaron al hospital para recibir tratamiento. Debido a la picadura tuvo que quedarse en una institución de cuidado extendido durante un mes para recuperarse. Una vez dada de alta, sabía que no podía volver de nuevo a la calle. En vez de hacer así, volvió a un centro de rehabilitación durante tres meses. Luego empezó a trabajar en otro centro, donde eventualmente obtuvo el puesto de gerente. Trabajó en ese puesto durante ocho años antes de unirse a un programa en Phoenix llamado Streetlight. Streetlight es una organización religiosa sin fines de lucro cuyos fondos consisten de donaciones. En el año 2009 tuvo ingresos de $1,13 millones, según su declaración de impuestos. La organización recientemente abrió una división en Tucson. El enfoque del programa, además de la concientización y la prevención, es de traer ayuda y servicios directos a las niñas de entre 11 y 17 años de edad quienes han sido prostituidas o traficadas. Melody Bosna, una directora residencial de Streetlight, se encarga del cuidado de las niñas, cuya edad mediana es de 15 años. Vienen a Streetlight por medio de la FBI y la policia, o por su propia cuenta. Una de las cosas que más me llama la atención al trabajar con estas niñas es su capacidad asombrosa de recuperarse de sus experiencias tan difíciles, dijo Bosna. La gente tiende a pensar que estas niñas no son nada más que niñas pervertidas. Hoy en día Jones se enfoca en traer la luz a las esquinas oscuras donde niñas jóvenes continúan a vender sus cuerpos. Da pláticas en las escuelas, las iglesias y cualquier otro lugar donde le permiten promulgar su causa. Y a las víctimas jóvenes e invisibles del tráfico sexual, su mensaje es sencillo. No es cuestión de como empezaron, sino de como terminan, dijo Jones. Nunca pierdas la esperanza. Recortes presupuestarios cierran piscinas By Chandler Longbons Traducido por Nohemi Ramirez Nadadores y trabajadores de piscinas están sintiendo el efecto de ola este verano después de que los recortes presupuestarios de la ciudad han resultado en el cierre de 17 de las 27 piscinas de la ciudad. Los recortes hechos en enero de 2010, los cuales redujeron los $3 millones del presupuesto de los deportes acuáticos de Parques y Recreación por la mitad y pidieron que 17 piscinas se cerraran por dos veranos consecutivos, continua afectando a nadadores, familias y salvavidas. Billy Sassi, gerente del programa de deportes acuáticos de Parques y Recreación, dice que su departamento es uno de los más costosos y fue uno de los primeros elegidos para los recortes de presupuesto. Como resultado, el número de empleados que podrían ser contratados también se ha cortado por la mitad, de 350 a 175 empleados. El número de salvavidas en piscinas de la ciudad están sintiendo el resultado de las clausuras. Aunque los recortes han reducido el número de trabajo disponible, Sassi dice que a él le cuesta trabajo encontrar a gente joven que quiera trabajar como salvavidas. La falta de estabilidad en los trabajos de salvavidas ha ahuyentado a los solicitantes, dijo Sassi. Yo pienso que los jóvenes se están dando cuenta de que las piscinas, no hay tantas abiertas así que no van a perder su tiempo en hacer el entrenamiento de salvavidas y primeros auxilios, y RCP, ellos van a ir a otro lugar donde estén seguros de poder conseguir un trabajo, eso es lo que están viendo, Sassi dijo. Stephanie Elias ha trabajado en varias piscinas de la ciudad de Tucsón por los últimos seis años y ahora es salvavidas de Archer Pool, 1665 S. La Cholla Blvd. Conseguir un trabajo como salvavidas es menos competitivo de lo que era en años pasados cuando esos que eran contratados tenían cinco o seis años de experiencia, dijo Elias. Con estos salvavidas veteranos que ya no están interesados en trabajar para piscinas, más salvavidas de primer año son contratados. Pero el problema más grande al que los salvavidas dicen que se enfrentan es a las quejas. Mucha gente se queja con nosotros porque muchas piscinas están cerradas y tienen que conducir muy lejos para llegar hasta acá, dijo Ashley Doyle, una salvavidas que ha trabajado tres años en Archer Pool. Elias también nota quejas de padres, especialmente cuando se trata de clases de natación. Así como los números de trabajadores y de presupuesto, los lugares para clases de natación se han reducido a la mitad, de 8,000 a 4,000 desde el primer recorte. Muchos padres están algo enojados porque tienen que pagar $15 por adelantado y no están seguros de tener un lugar en la piscina preferida, Elias dice sobre el sistema de sorteo de Parques y Recreación que decide donde serán inscritos los niños en las clases. Este proceso, también llamado lotería, hace que padres de familia elijan tres piscinas de su preferencia para llevar a sus hijos a clases. Parques y Recreación elige la piscina basada en la habilidad y experiencia de los niños. Al no poder ir a la piscina que quieran crea un problema para algunos padres que quieren que sus hijos aprendan sobre seguridad en la piscina. Maha al-khateev ha tenido dificultades inscribiendo a sus dos hijos. Si tienen un espacio, no puedo venir porque esta muy lejos, dijo al-khateev, quien tuvo que aplicar a otras tres piscinas antes de encontrar un lugar en Catalina Pool, 2004 N. Dodge Blvd, la cual esta cerca de casa. Wendy Weeks, otra madre cuyos dos hijos han tomado clases en la Catalina Pool, dice que ella no ha pasado por el mismo problema de encontrar un espacio en Catalina Pool. En algunas de las otras piscinas yo creo que es más difícil, y cuando haces la lotería uno no sabe que piscina le va a tocar, dijo Weeks. De acuerdo con Sassi, todos los niños que son inscritos tienen garantizado un lugar en alguna de las piscinas abiertas. La distancia es otro factor para los padres cuando deciden no hacer un viaje a otra piscina, y también es la perdida de comunidad que se ha establecido en piscinas de sus barrios. Lo que yo se que paso es que mucha gente solo opto por completo, dijo Michelle Kinnison cuyas dos hijas, de 10 y 12, fueron inscritas en un equipo de natación en Himmel Pool, 1000 N. Tucson Blvd, antes que se cerrara. Entonces por su puesto que hay lugares con espacios disponibles porque ellos saben que mucha gente se fue al sector privado. Despertarse todas las mañanas y nadar era parte de la rutina diaria de los niños de Kinnison cada verano. Pero desde que se cerro Himmel Pool, los niños de Kinnison no se han unido a otro equipo por la distancia que tendrían que transcurrir cada mañana para ir a practicar. Conocimos a mucha gente por el equipo de natación, ella dijo. Su hija de cinco años, Rosemary, recientemente se inscribió a clases de natación en la UA. Ahora que las piscinas comunitarias están cerradas, la gente está cambiando sus costumbres al elegir no nadar o no conducir tan lejos. Los padres como Kinnison esperan que las piscinas comunitarias se abran de nuevo en un futuro cercano, aunque esto quiera decir que aumente el costo de admisión. Nosotros usamos esa piscina. Nosotros realmente, realmente amábamos tener esa piscina abierta, ella dijo.
8 Page 8 Página 8 THE CHRONICLE myhsj.org/thechronicle June 2011 Junio 2011 Indoor soccer s a kick Owner shares lifelong love of soccer with adopted country By Christina Rucker a player for the las Vegas 51s has no luck at bat as the tucson Padres shut out the 51s 6-0. see the Chronicle s website, myhsj.org/thechronicle, for a replay of live blogging of the game. the Padres schedule is available online at By Alexis Lopez Early this year, students and others came together to protect ethnic studies courses in Tucson Unified School District. The group, called the United Non-Discriminatory Individuals Demanding Our Studies (UNIDOS), believes that ethnic studies courses are an essential part of education and should not be converted to electives, which the TUSD board has proposed. Our main focus is to help the youth protect their education, said Elisa Meza, a UNIDOS member and University of Arizona student. The courses focus on the history and literature of Mexican American, African American and Native American communities and discuss the contributions to history each culture has made. They are currently counted as traditional history or literature class credits. The group formed after Gov. Jan Brewer signed House Bill 2281 into law last year. The law prohibits a school from including in its program of instruction any course or classes that are designed primarily for pupils of a particular ethnicity or promotes resentment towards a race or class of people. The bill does not acknowledge the roles that Hispanics have played in history, said Daniel Montoya, an 18-year-old Rincon High School graduate and member of UNIDOS. It was like a slap to the face when people say these ethnic studies classes should be electives. Meza said there are about 15 members, including students, alumni, and concerned members of the community. Mark Stegeman, the Tucson Unified School District Board President, described how the courses have inspired students to BMX superstar signs autographs Manzanita BMX Raceway in Tucson has races twice a week but the race on June 4 was special. Corben Sharrah, one of the most talented BMX riders in the country, came to ride with some of Tucson s local kids. While most toddlers were still learning to walk, Sharrah was pedaling away on his first bike. At the age of 5, he began BMX (Bicycle Motocross) racing. He says the thrill of riding led him to turn a hobby into a career. Fourteen years later, he won the Supercross World Cup for BMX racing. Sharrah s career has led him to South Africa, Japan, Canada, Australia, Denmark and Holland. Saturday s event drew dozens of BMX fans. By signing autographs and speaking with the locals, Sharrah hopes that he can inspire younger riders. Sharrah says in five years he sees himself still riding bikes and working toward a degree from Pima Community College. Photo and text by Lacey Tewanema score highly in Arizona s high school exit exam. The group s purpose is to protect student education, Meza said. The students who are involved in the group organize non-violent protests thanks to the help they receive from adult organizers. Ethnic studies helps educate the community, said UNIDOS member Erin Cain-Hodge, a University of Arizona student who took Mexican American history and literature classes while at Tucson High School. Cain-Hodge said the group is fighting to protect the ethnic studies programs because the classes offer more opportunities. UNIDOS has protested at several TUSD board meetings this past year. On April 26, nine people chained themselves to the governing board members chairs to disrupt the meeting. I was surprised at their actions and I feel they went beyond what Photo by Christina rucker Summer sports in the Old Pueblo Catch The Chronicle s interview with UA baseball player Vincent Littleman Youth activists unite to fight for ethnic studies was appropriate, Stegeman said. Stegeman released a proposal in January stating TUSD s position on the ethnic studies program and how it wishes to improve the courses. The main idea is to get the ethnic studies course involved with the entire history courses offered at the schools, Stegeman said. Most of the courses in the district have room for improvements, so the purpose of the proposal was to make the program stronger. The group and TUSD have spoken with one another about the matter, but little common ground has been found. Stegeman said he has tried to meet with UNIDOS, but legal issues have kept the group from meeting with the entire board at one time. UNIDOS has become the new face of what activists are, as these students come together to protect their cultures in the system of education, Montoya said. Mladin Kozak s grandfather put a soccer ball in front of the toddler as soon as he started walking. By the time Kozak was 4 years old, he was already playing soccer with his grandfather, a player on the national soccer team of Yugoslavia, and his father, who also played professionally. My family has played Mladin KozaK soccer for generations. My brother played professionally in Switzerland. All my cousins and everyone I know, all the males they ve played soccer, Kozak said. He came to Tucson when he was 13 because his country was going through political turmoil. When the war started in Yugoslavia in the early 90s, we went to Croatia and then Switzerland. We lived there as refugees for five and a half years, Kozak said. At the end of 1998 Kozak and his family moved to Tucson as part of a refugee program. He said he had family in the U.S., making it easier to settle. Now 34 years old, Kozak and his brother run an indoor soccer field called Maracana at 555 E. 18th St. near downtown Tucson. On most nights, there are between 50 to 200 people in the building. Upon walking in you can smell the plastic artificial grass and sweat of players working hard to win. The sound of kids yelling, parents calling to the ref on the sidelines, and the piercing sound of whistles creates an exciting atmosphere that attracts players. When the complex first opened last August, 16 teams participated in leagues there, but now there are more than 80 teams. There are also ultimate Frisbee and lacrosse leagues. The field is open every weeknight from 5 p.m. to midnight. Krystal Richards, 19, who plays in a league at Maracana, enjoys playing there because Kozak is flexible with scheduling and always treats his players kindly. Minh Vu, 20, enjoys playing on the artificial turf at Maracana because it is safer to play on than the tile floors at another indoor soccer complex in town. Outdoor soccer is more serious and competitive, he said. Kozak plans to add another field and a snack bar. Any kind of sport makes you fit, and have more energy, Kozak said. If you go Maracana soccer 555 E. 18th St