1 Nombre: FRANCO, SEBASTIAN Correo electrónico: String Theory Applications and Particle Physics RYC Subject Area (UNESCO codes): Theoretical Physics - Elementary Particles Theoretical Physics - Other (String Theory) Theoretical Physics - Quantum Field TheoryTITLE OF MAIN RESEARCH LINE: String Theory Applications and Particle PhysicsKEY WORDS: String Theory, Particle Physics, Supersymmetry, AdS/CFT, Beyond the Standard ModelSUMMARY OF MAIN RESEARCH LINEI have pursued various lines of research in String Theory and Quantum Field Theory. My main underlying focus is on D-branes, supersymmetric gauge theories and model building (both in string theory and field theory). As a Ramon y Cajal fellow, I plan to perform research in the following areas:string phenomenology: I will continue developing formal tools for the determination of the low energy gauge theories on D-branes in various backgrounds. For example, I plan to understand the possible superpotential interactions generated by D-brane instantons on singularities in detail. I will also work on applications of these tools, such as the implementation of models (e.g. (extra)ordinary gauge mediation) that so far have resisted embedding in string theory.supersymmetric model building and supersymmetry breaking: I will continue working vigorously on supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking and its mediation mechanisms, both in quantum field theory and string theory. This is a time at which it is important both to investigate new scenarios and to characterize existing ones and their implications in detail. I will put special emphasis in developing purely stringy mechanisms, such as the SUSY breaking mediation by D-brane instantons I introduced. I will also study other aspects of physics beyond the Standard Model, as in my recent works on the interplay between SUSY breaking and flavor physics in composite models. I will explore the use duality and holography for dealing with the strongly coupled gauge theories that sometimes arise in this context.holography and condensed matter: following my resent work, I will study the gauge/gravity correspondence applied to strongly coupled condensed matter systems. I plan to investigate to what extent these systems can be approximated/modeled by gravity duals. I plan work out the map between general gravity models and the physical properties of condensed matter systems (strength of the interactions responsible for binding the condensate, magnitude of its fluctuations, critical exponents, transport properties, etc). I will also study more formal aspects of string theory, such as my recent work on M2-branes. Of course, I will remain open to any important new development in high energy physics. Academic AppointmentsKavli Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraDirector: David Gross (2004 Nobel Prize in Physics)Postdoctoral Research Associate (2008-Present)Princeton UniversityDepartment of PhysicsPostdoctoral Research Associate ( )Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCenter for Theoretical PhysicsPh.D. in Physics ( )Instituto Balseiro, ArgentinaDegree of Licenciado en Física (equivalent to Master in Physics), 1999RESEARCH InterestsString theory, D-branes, supersymmetric gauge theories and model building (both in string theory and field theory). AWARDS AND HONORS University of Texas at Austin Distinguished Visitor ($5,000 honorarium) MIT Buechner Teaching Prize: Awarded annually to a graduate student at MIT for outstanding contributions to the educational program of the Department of Physics MIT Locket Award for the Excellence in Theoretical Physics: Awarded annually to a graduate student at MIT for his contributions to research in Theoretical Physics. The citation reads: For your contributions in understanding Toric Duality and multiplicity symmetry." Graduate School Excellence Fellowship in the Department of Physicsand Astronomy of Rutgers University (declined) Obtained the degree of Licenciado en Fisica" (equivalent to a Master in Physics) from Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina Member of the ``Argentine Association for Excellence", integrated by students of diverse disciplines that have been awarded the National Presidency Prize Member of the ``Interdisciplinary Forum of Excellent Students", National Presidency of Argentina National Presidency Prizefor outstanding academic achievements: best university student in the Southern Region of Argentina. Awarded by the President of Argentina Fellowship of the National Commission for Atomic Energy of Argentina (CNEA) at the Instituto Balseiro in Bariloche, Argentina (awarded after a nationwide selection exam) Integrated the first Argentine team that competed in an International Physics OlympiadXXV International Physics Olympiad - Beijing - China X Argentine Mathematics OlympiadHonorable Mention Ort Interschool Mathematics OlympiadThird Prize - Level C1988, 1989, Best student award, Escuela Tecnica Philips Argentina (high school)1991, 1992, IX Argentine Mathematics OlympiadFinalist Argentine Physics OlympiadFirst Prize - Gold Medal Prize of the Argentine Jewish Foundation for the Education and Health: awarded to the best students of 3rd year of Basic Cycle, from high schools in Buenos Aires, Argentina First Iberoamerican Physics Olympiad (Colombia)Bronze Medal Argentine Physics OlympiadSecond Prize - Silver Medal Ort Interschool Mathematics OlympiadFirst Prize - Level BPUBLICATIONSMy publications have had a high impact in the theoretical physics community. This is evidenced by the fact that, according to SPIRES, my papers have a total of more than 1900 citations. I have two papers with more than 250 citations, four with more than 100 citations and five with more than 50 citat
2 Nombre: PEÑARRUBIA GARRIDO, JORGE MIGUEL Correo electrónico: The Milky Way as a Dark Matter laboratory RYC One of the fundamental questions in Physics (and especially in Cosmology) refers to the composition of Dark Matter (DM), which amounts 24% of the present density of the Universe, and is key to understand the formation of structures (e.g. clusters of galaxies, voids, filaments,..,etc) in an expanding Universe. In the current (and observationally most favoured) cosmogony DM is believed to be "cold" (CDM), i.e. composed of relatively massive particles that move with non-relativistic velocities. At present there are dozens of particle candidates that obey the constraints derived from astronomical sources. The Milky Way and its 25 (known) satellite galaxies provide ideal laboratories to further study the amount and distribution of DM on different spatial and mass scales (which directly depend on the nature of the DM particle(s) ) due to the possibility of measuring the distances, velocities and detailed metal compositions of individual stars. Due to technological limitations this type of data exists only for Local Group galaxies.my studies combine observational data (dynamics/composition of individual stars) and theoretical (N-body) experiments in order to derive the DM content and distribution in Local Group galaxies. I study systems whose gravitational potential appears DM dominated e.g. (i) dwarf spheroidal galaxies, which have the highest DM content (dark-to-luminous mass ratio ~ ) of any known galaxy type in the Universe and (ii) stellar tidal streams, which directly trace the orbits of satellite galaxies undergoing tidal disruption (e.g the Sagittarius stream), thus probing the mass distribution of the Milky Way on a large range of distances and orientations. The results provide a direct test of eminent predictions from the present cosmological paradigm (CDM), as well as a comprehensive picture of the formation and evolution of galaxies in the Universe. This are timely issues given the advent of GAIA (>2012), a core European mission that will map the Milky Way and provide the orbital parameters of billions (!) of stars. After I obtained my PhD in April 2003 at Heidelberg University (Germany), I was offered a postdoctoral Fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA, Germany). After 2 years the MPIA, where I was awarded the Ernst Patzer Prize for young scientists, I spent 2.5 years overseas at the University of Victoria (Canada) as a NSERC Fellow, before returning to Europe in 2008, where I am currently working as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Cambridge (UK). My research interest in general is (Computational) Galaxy Dynamics and Galaxy Formation and Evolution. In each of these distinct yet connected fields I have published a substantial number of peer-reviewed papers over the last eight years, a work that has had some impact in the community (770 citations, h-index=18 to date). I have also contributed as a peer-reviewer in six different journals and for the CFHT (Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope), (co)supervised the PhD thesis of three students, and participated in large research projects, such as SDSS, SEGUE, Pandas and RAVE.
3 Nombre: GARCIA NAVARRO, JOSE ENRIQUE Correo electrónico: W physics (SM and beyond SM) and Silicon Detectors RYC During my time as a researcher, I have acquired skills in several areas. I am an expert in silicon detectors, I have worked in the tracker systems of ATLAS SCT and CDF. I have performed searches for new physics (Little Higgs model) and developed b-tagging algorithms. I have analized data in CDF, in particular the cross section of the W boson and study of the associated production of a Higgs with a W boson. Currently, I am developing my work at LHC.After the start in September 2008, LHC restarted operations successfully in November LHC goal through 2010 and 2011 is to achieve an integrated luminosity of 1 fb-1 while keeping instantaneous luminosity at 2 10^32 cm-2 s-1. Since beginning 2009 I am Run Coordinator deputy for the SCT. One of my main duties is, in collaboration with the Project Leader and Run Coordinator, guarantee that the detector was ready for data taking. We are the ultimate responsible that data taken have good quality (high tracking efficiency) and get a stable running with the largest fraction of the detector. My Run Coordinator position will be over in March 2010, but I will continue as a convener of the Monitoring and Calibration group of the SCT through 2010 (I have in charge of the group since March 2008). I am in charge of leading the development and improvement of the tools for the monitoring and data quality checking. A lot of progress has been done but with the arrival of the beam the stability of the tools and will be tested thoroughly.data collected during 2010 and 2011 will allow rediscovering the Standard Model (SM) at 7 TeV center of mass energy. My contribution will be centered on the analysis of the W+jets channel. This channel is an important background for many processes of SM physics but also on new physics. Besides, it will give deep knowledge on detector characteristics and performance (alignment, calibration, etc) needed to make precision physics studies. This analysis will be the first step on the look for new physics in more exotic channels (SUSY, Extra- Dimensions, etc) in decays involving a W and a Higgs boson. I will carry on with these analyses and apply my knowledge in the development of sensors and electronics for the upgrade of the ATLAS tracker. I started my PhD. in July 1999 in the ATLAS - SCT group at IFIC-Valencia group, under the supervision of C. Garcia. I worked on tools and infrastructure for the test of the silicon micro-strip wafers for the Semi-Conductor Tracker at IFIC. I obtained a more extensive knowledge on microstrip silicon modules working at the SCT beam tests. During the beam tests, I took the responsibility of coordinating the SCT beam test data Analysis Group. Also during my PhD, I worked on new physics searches in ATLAS and b-tagging performance studies. I studied the capability of ATLAS to discover new physics arising from Little Higgs models, in particular, for channels involving new gauge bosons decays. Results were published in an article (more than 80 citations). I obtained my PhD in September 2004.As a first post-doc position I joined CDF, the largest experiment with active data taking. On September 2004, I started with INFN-Pisa group. I worked on the W cross section measurement using forward electrons. This analysis provides a new measurement of the W cross section, but one of its goals was actually to provide an input to the parton distribution functions (PDF). The article has been published in Phys.Rev.Lett. and I presented the results in conferences. After this analysis, I studied the WH channel which was a natural continuation of the W measurement.at the end of the post-doc at the INFN-Pisa, Fermilab offered me a position to start leading the silicon group. In November 2006 I became Silicon Project Leader. I took the lead of the silicon group during a year. I was responsible of ensuring that the system would run in the most efficient conditions.in January 2008 I moved to Geneva. I took the position of Maitre-Assistant at the University of Geneva. I worked on the commissioning of the ATLAS SCT, but already in March 2008, I was asked to be convener of the Monitoring and Calibration group for the SCT. The group has to warranty the quality of the data taken by the SCT.At beginning of March 2009 I became SCT Run Coordinator Deputy. This implies to have an active role in taking decision on the organization online (operations) and offline (software and data quality) of the SCT together with the Project Leader and Run Coordinator. We are responsible of ensuring that the system is ready for data taking. I will finish with the SCT Coordination in March but I will continue with the coordination of the SCT Monitoring group for a few months.in parallel, I have been working on the first analysis with electrons in cosmic ray data and the comparison with the Monte- Carlo. This analysis is finished and the note is being submitted, so now I have started to work in the measurement of the cross section of the process W+jets in the electron channel. This is an important measurement that can be performed at the beginning of LHC running.
4 Nombre: DURDURAN, TURGUT Correo electrónico: Novel Diffuse Optical Technologies for Clinical Diagnosis and Therapy Monitoring RYC Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and spectroscopy (DOS) investigates tissue physiology millimeters to centimeters below the tissue surface . Light is scattered very strongly in tissue, however, and traditional optical spectroscopies cannot be used for this purpose. Fortunately, a spectral window exists in the near-infrared (NIR, nm), wherein photon transport in tissues is dominated by scattering rather than absorption. Recently, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has emerged as a technique for noninvasive measurement of microvascular oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin concentrations and their changes .From these measurements, blood oxygen saturation (StO2), total hemoglobin concentration (THC), blood volume (CBV) are derived and reported. Furthermore, a key scientific contribution of my previous laboratory in USA was the introduction of 'diffuse correlation spectroscopy' (DCS) which utilizes laser speckle fluctuations to measure blood flow in deep tissues. I have pioneered the introduction of hybrid DCS and NIRS into clinical studies on humans. Since then, I have moved to Spain in February 2009 and established the Medical Optics group at ICFO (ICFO-MEDOPT). My research, broadly, focuses on research linesthat involve applications in (1) oncology for diagnostic imaging and therapy monitoring of cancers such as breast cancers, and (2) for bed-side monitors for neuro-intensive care units. We develop novel new physical models, reconstruction algorithms and instrumentation and work closely with clinicians to deploy them in the clinics. These state-of-the-art technologies are the products of challenging research of improved physical understanding of the propagation of photons in tissues, latest in laser and detector technologies and continuous strong collaborations with clinical researchers to identify key potential contributions to important clinical problems. We will continue to push the limits in technology with a clear goal in mind to translate them from the bench-top to the bed-side. A. Yodh & B. Chance. Physics Today 48(3), (1995). A. G. Yodh & D. A. Boas. Biomedical Photonics, chapter Functional Imaging with Diffusing Light, 21/1 45. CRC Press (2003). OVERVIEW OF PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE: I have had a multi-disciplinary career at University of Pennsylvania, USA (UPENN) in one of the top groups in biomedical optics, Dr Arjun Yodh's laboratory. I worked on theoretical, experimental, pre-clinical and clinical aspects of diffuse optics for ~13 years as an integral part of UPENN biomedical optics research. My last post was a junior research faculty with joint appointments in Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Radiology. My study (Durduran, Opt Expr 2009) demonstratingthe potential of NIRS- DCS hybrid instrumentation in acute stroke monitoring received world-wide attention and was distributed by various newswires. My work on pediatrics was reported in the Spanish Media (El Pais, 19/05/09). Another study (PMB, 2002) received citation awards. At UPENN, I led various projects in pediatric populations (funded by Thrasher Foundation) and others studying the adult brain (funded by NIH). RETURN TO EUROPE: Since February 2009, I am a 'junior group leader' at ICFO, Spain, leading 'Medical Optics' (ICFO-MEDOPT) group with five postdoctoral fellows, one Ph.D. student, one engineer and two interns. We have designed and constructed several diffuse optical monitoring devices which are now being deployed in our collaborating institutions at Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, IDIBAPS, IDIBELL and Sant Joan de Déu. We are funded by the European Commission, Instituto de Salud Carlos III and a private foundation (Fundació Cellex, Barcelona). I am the 'Southern Europe, Node- Leader' for 'Biophotonics for Life Worldwide Consortium' (BP4L).PUBLICATION RECORD: As of February, 2010, I have (co-)authored forty-one peer-reviewed articles in top optics journals and others. I have (co-)authored more than 200 conference abstracts/presentations and have given 18 invited talks worldwide. According to ISI Web of Science (23/02/10) my h-index is 18 and received 1015 citations.overview: Our group is still young and is growing rapidly. If this proposal is successful, it would provide me the necessary funding and prestige to ensure the continuation of its growth. I believe that diffuse optical technologies offer great deal of promise in diseases such as breast cancer and stroke. My training in a highly competitive, world-class institution (UPENN, USA) provides a strong basis to succeed in this area which would help bring Spain to the forefront of clinical biomedical optics.
5 Nombre: GOMEZ GARDEÑES, JESUS Correo electrónico: Tackling complexity in adaptive, biological and social systems RYC El tema central de mi actividad investigadora es la mecánica estadística de sistemas complejos y el estudio de redes complejas. Los objetivos principales de mi proyecto son, por una parte, comprender las propiedades colectivas emergentes en sistemas complejos adaptativos y sus fenómenos críticos asociados y, por la otra, la aplicación de herramientas teóricas para el análisis de las propiedades dinámicas de sistemas sociales y biológicos. En el primer caso se pretende extender el conocimiento sobre fenómenos críticos en redes con topología fija añadiendo la dependencia temporal de las interacciones acopladas a dinámicas de difusión de información, procesos de sincronización y dinámica de juegos evolutiva. Para ello, modelaremos la plasticidad de las interacciones usando reglas evolutivas a nivel local. Asimismo, partiendo de la formulación "annealed" para familias de redes complejas, se pretende construir un formalismo unificado para el estudio de la dinámica en redes con topología fija y adaptativa. En relación a los sistemas biológicos, abordaremos algunos problemas donde las herramientas mecánico-estadísticas juegan un papel relevante. En primer lugar, estudiaremos la dinámica de redes de uniones córtico-corticales en el cerebro de mamíferos con especial interés en la descripción de la dinámica a nivel mesoscópico y su papel en la integración de los procesos entre diferentes módulos funcionales de la corteza cerebral. En este contexto, prestaremos especial atención a las meso-estruturas jerárquicas, módulos de hubs corticales, y su implicación en los procesos de sincronización. En segundo lugar, se analizará la dinámica de péptidos y su relación con el paisaje de Energía Libre. Para ello usaremos la herramienta de Redes Conformacionales Markovianas y el análisis de Componentes Principales con el fin de obtener una descripción cualitativa de péptidos con un número elevado de monómeros. Analizaremos los posibles confórmeros y su dinámica de transiciones de manera que sea posible inferir datos termodinámicos a partir de trayectorias procedentes de dinámica molecular. Finalmente, abordaremos el estudio de sistemas complejos sociales desde el punto de vista de la teoría de juegos evolutiva. En este sentido, continuaremos los estudios sobre los mecanismos que favorecen la emergencia de cooperación entre individuos y su relación con el patrón de interacciones. Asimismo, modelaremos dinámicas sociales donde la teoría de juegos juega un papel relevante acoplándose con otros tipos de dinámica social. En este sentido modelizaremos la dinámica de vacunación en periodos epidémicos como un ejemplo donde los individuos evalúan sus estrategias evolutivas en función del estado del sistema. Finalmente, ampliaremos el estudio de juegos entre dos jugadores a situaciones donde el juego se desarrolla en grupos de N jugadores. Para ello, haremos uso de la teoría de hipergrafos de manera que podamos interpolar con las situaciones correspondientes a N=2 estudiadas anteriormente. Obtuve el doctorado por la Universidad de Zaragoza en 2006 con la calificación de "Sobresaliente Cum Laudae" y "Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado". Asimismo soy "Premio Investigador Novel 2006" de la Real Sociedad Española de Física como mejor investigador en Física Teórica menor de 35 años. En mi primera etapa postdoctoral fui Assegnista di Ricerca en el Laboratorio di Sistemi Complessi de la Scuola Superiore di Catania (Universita di Catania) donde trabajé en el grupo del profesor Vito Latora. A continuación fui investigador Juan de la Cierva en la Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona) en el grupo del profesor Alex Arenas. Actualmente soy profesor ayudante doctor en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el Departamento de Matemática Aplicada. Durante mi etapa doctoral y postdoctoral he trabajado prioritariamente sobre la dinámica y fenómenos críticos de sistemas complejos y las aplicaciones interdisciplinares de la mecánica estadística a problemas biológicos, tecnológicos y sociales. Mis contribuciones más importantes se refieren a: (i) el transporte de información y el problema de la congestión en redes de comunicación (un total de 131 citas desde 2004), (ii) la descripción microscópica de la transición de sincronización en redes complejas de osciladores de Kuramoto (un total de 76 citas desde 2007) y (iii) la dinámica de juegos evolutiva y la emergencia de cooperación en sistemas sociales (un total de 148 citas desde 2007). Durante estos años he realizado tareas de formación en investigación dirigiendo 3 Tesis de Licenciatura (Tesi di Laurea) durante mi periodo postdoctoral en la Scuola Superiore di Catania y he sido invitado a impartir cursos de doctorado en las Universidades de Catania y Roma III. Asimismo, en la actualidad soy codirector de 2 Tesis Doctorales. Respecto a mi labor en la divulgación científica he sido invitado a impartir seminarios en 8 universidades internacionales destacando el Kings College y la Queen Mary University de Londres, el Weizzman Institute of Science y la Universidad de Tel Aviv en Israel, y la Universidad de Cambridge. Asimismo, he sido "invited speaker" en 6 conferencias internacionales y he sido organizador de 4 conferencias internacionales. Finalmente, respecto a mis datos bibliométricos, tengo un total de 38 publicaciones: 34 artículos con revisión por pares en revistas incluidas en el Journal Citation Reports (JCR), 3 capítulos de libro y un 1 libro completo. A estas publicaciones hay que añadir 3 artículos actualmente en proceso de revisión sumando en total 41 trabajos de investigación originales. Entre mis publicaciones más relevantes destacan 3 Physical Review Letters, 1 Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (USA), 1 PloS Computational Biology, 11 Physical Review E (2 como Rapid Communication), 2 Europhysics Letters y 2 New Journal of Physics. Los artículos publicados han obtenido 480 citas (según ISI web of Science) con más de 200 citas durante 2009 y tengo un índice H de 13.
6 Nombre: GARCIA SUAREZ, VICTOR MANUEL Correo electrónico: Quantum transport in nanoscale systems from first principles RYC The main research line is based on theoretical studies and simulations of electronic transport on molecules up to 10 nanometers long and other nanometric systems. The objectives include advancing towards the design of electronic elements on the nanoscale. In order to attain such objectives it is necessary to understand how the transport properties are affected by the different components on which molecular electronics systems are based. I will therefore focus on the study of different elements that affect the conductance, among which can be highlighted the central part of the molecule, the side atoms, the coupling atoms and the electrodes. I will also carry out systematic studies of molecular wires that show negative differential resistance (NDR) and rectification, which are very important for instance in the design of analog-to-digital converters and logic gates, respectively, and I will try to optimize in various types of molecules the parameters on which such properties depend. Similarly, I will study the effect of point charges on the conductance of molecular wires, something that will have for instance application in the development of high precision sensors. In parallel with these calculations I will also focus on the development and implementation of new theoretical techniques aimed at increasing the number of phenomena described by first principles quantum transport calculations. Among these techniques has a relevant place multiscale modelling and simulation, which will allow me to simulate much bigger systems and increase dramatically the range of study. I will also work on the implementation of multi-terminal transport, which is essential to describe nanoscale circuits. Other techniques will be based on the inclusion of gate voltages in the extended molecule and corrections to the energies of the molecular orbitals with self-energies which take into account the screening produced by the electrodes, which will allow me to simulate transistors and calculate more precisely the transport properties, respectively. Finally, I will also exploit newly implemented techniques such as the spin-orbit interaction and the thermoelectric effect, with which I will be able to carry out studies on magnetic anisotropy and thermal effects. I obtained my B.Sc. in Physics with Honours in July 2000 from the University of Oviedo. That year I started my Ph. D. in Physics in the group of Jaime Ferrer at the same university. In February 2001 I was awarded a FPU fellowship from the Spanish Government. I finished my Ph. D. in 2005 with the highest qualification and a European Doctorate mention. One year before, in 2004, I started working at Lancaster University as an Early Stage Researcher funded by the European Union (Marie Curie grant). After three years I became Research Assistant. In 2009 I joined the Physics Department of University of Oviedo as a Juan de la Cierva (JdC) Researcher. I was ranked first in the Physics and Space Sciences area of the JdC fellowship. I have published 35 articles in international journals with 504 cites (H-index = 9), which include 1 Nature Materials, 3 Physical Review Letters, 1 Journal of the American Chemical Society and 15 Physical Review B. Two of these papers (Nature Materials 4, 335 and Physical Review B 73, ) are highly cited and one of them (PRB) has also been considered Hot Paper. I have taken part in 8 research projects, contributed to 23 congresses, including 5 invited talks, and given more than 15 seminars in various international research centres. I have participated in the direction of two Ph. D. theses and organized various research activities, including the school Theoretical Modelling of Transport in Nanostructures (CECAM) in I started my research activity in the topics of magnetism and materials science from first principles. As part of this research I implemented in the ab-initio code SIESTA the possibility of simulating spin spirals and spin waves. Close to the end of my Ph. D. I moved to the topic of quantum transport. I contributed to the creation and development of the quantum transport code SMEAGOL, which is used today by more than 90 groups in the world. I studied with SMEAGOL and SIESTA a large number of systems, which include structures on the nanoscale (metallic and insulating molecules between magnetic and non-magnetic leads, carbon nanotubes with encapsulated molecules, nanowires, atomic chains and atomic constrictions) and bulk solids (metals and oxide semiconductors). I have also implemented in SMEAGOL a series of new techniques and properties, which include non-collinear magnetism, k-points, the thermoelectric effect and the spin-orbit interaction.
7 Nombre: FALKOWSKI, ADAM Correo electrónico: Search for new physics at the Large Hadron Collider RYC The field of high-energy particle physics will soon experience a tremendous experimental progress thanks to the LHC experiment at CERN, Geneva. The LHC will finally elucidate the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking which is responsible for giving masses to fundamental particles of the Standard Model. In this exciting era, the main task for theoretical particle physics will be to understand the LHC data and fit it into a consistent theoretical framework. Distinguishing between various interpretations of the data will require an interdisciplinary approach that combines the results from high-energy colliders with the input from low-energy precision measurements, dark matter detection experiments, high-energy astrophysics, cosmology, etc. Meanwhile, much remains to be done to prepare for the wealth of experimental data, and there is a lot of room for improving our strategies to search for new physics. In particular, novel experimental observables can be devised and investigated in order to extract the signals from the overwhelming background. A recent example of such an observable is so-called jet substructure, that has already been shown to greatly increase sensitivity to new physics. Furthermore, many new physics scenarios predict experimental signatures which are not covered by existing search strategies. These gaps in our sensitivity have to be fixed in order to make sure that new physics will not be missed. The common denominator for new physics searches at the LHC is often Higgs physics, that is searching for and measuring the microscopical properties of the Higgs boson. The reason is that the dynamics of the Higgs sector is typically influenced by all heavy particles, including the new particles we hope to find at the LHC. Thus, measuring the Higgs interactions will provide important pieces of information about the fundamental interactions. Signatures of the Standard Model Higgs have been extensively investigated in the past. However, many models predict non-standard signatures of the Higgs boson that, moreover, may be difficult for hadron colliders such as the LHC and would be missed by the conventional Higgs searches. In this research program I describe several concrete proposal to increase sensitivity to various Higgs scenarios beyond the Standard Model. After receiving PhD from Warsaw University in 2003, I took up the position of an assistant professor at Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw University, which I held until During this time (while on leave of absence) I served short-term contracts at research centers abroad: a 1-year Humboldt Fellowship at DESY, Hamburg, Germany and a 3-years fellowship at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Currently, I am serving the 2nd year of a 3-years postdoc contract at Rutgers University, Piscataway NJ, USA. In the course of my career I have published more than 30 papers in leading peer-reviewed journals of my field. I have given numerous invited seminars in research centers and universities all over the world, and several plenary talks at prestigious conferences in my field. While at Warsaw University, I have supervised 1 bachelor thesis. Many of my papers are coauthored by young PhD students for whom I've effectively acted as a guide and a tutor.my main research domain can be defined as theoretical particle physics beyond the standard model. In the course of my scientific career so far I have been exploring different aspects of that field. The list of topics I have tackled includes Higgs physics, flavor physics, supersymmetry, supergravity, string theory, extra dimensions, little Higgs, compositeness, unparticles and hidden valleys. I am also interested in dark matter model building and detection, which connects my field to cosmology and astrophysics. I have studied quite formal aspects of the above mentioned theories as well their phenomenological consequences. In the recent years the weight has shifted toward collider phenomenology which brings together the fields of theoretical and experimental particle physics. Most of my current and planned research is directly related to interpreting results from collider experiments such as LEP, Tevatron, and the LHC. I am particularly interested in signatures of the Higgs boson at colliders, with the emphasis on non-standard scenarios that are difficult or impossible to notice with conventional Higgs search strategies.
8 Nombre: PALANCO LÓPEZ, SANTIAGO Correo electrónico: RYC TAILORED GENERATION OF NANOPARTICLES BY LASER IRRADIATION OF A MICRO-DROPLET STREAM The main research line proposes a completely novel method for high-yield nanoparticle (NP) production with high precision and accuracy both in size and composition through laser irradiation of a micro-target jet. Laser ablation is an important technique for nano-sized material fabrication. The two main methods currently in use differ on whether the ablation environment is a liquid (LAL) or a low pressure gas (LAG). Though each one is specially indicated for a range of applications, both share the many control difficulties related to the energy-coupling uncertainty intrinsic of the laser-matter interaction in bulk samples. The method hereby proposed avoids the mentioned fluctuations and uncertainties as the injection of microtargets smaller than the laser beam waist at its focal point, results in a full and repetitive conversion of the laser energy. In turn, a substantially higher yield is expected from the full energy conversion when compared to bulk laser ablation.the influence of the irradiation regime on the composition of the ablated matter such as liquid ejection, solid shrapnels, vapor and ions will be investigated for laser fluences ranging from the melting threshold (1 J/cm2 for Au) to the region beyond the ablation threshold (10 J/cm2) where the expanding matter is essentially a plasma. Additionally, the femtosecond regime will be succinctly studied as the laser energy release time is considerably shorter than the hydrodynamic time scale, and the expansion process is almost adiabatic, so the shrapnel and debris production is easier to investigate.at the last stage of the project, several of the many possibilities of the method will be explored including tailoring the composition of the precursor droplets, or using an optional infrared laser coaxially aligned with the droplet stream to evaporate the carrier liquid or producing a solid micro-target. Santiago Palanco López, 41, graduated both from the University of Greenwich (UK) where he was awarded a BSc with Honour degree in Applied Chemistry in 1992, and from the University of Pais Vasco (Spain) where he became Licenciado en Ciencias Químicas in From 1994 to 1998 he worked on laser processing of materials at the University of Málaga (UMA) and gradually grew an interest on laser-induced plasmas. He received an MSc in Laser Engineering from TU Wien (Austria) under the framework of the EU Leonardo Program in Then he moved to the Bremen Institute of Applied Laser Science (BIAS, Germany) to investigate the correlation between the plasma emission and the keyhole phenomena during cw-laser welding of aluminum alloys, a work for which he received the award of the 1st International Conference on Laser-Induced Plasma (LIP) Spectroscopy and Applications in 2000.In 2001, he received a PhD in Science from UMA for his research on the physics and spectrochemistry of LIP and their industrial applications under the supervision of Prof. Javier Laserna. In 2003, he and other group members were awarded with the Leandro Martinez Award of the 10th JAI conference to the best contribution to scientific instrumentation development basing of emission spectroscopy" for part of his PhD thesis research. He remained at UMA during his early post-doc stage working on the uses of LIP for remote sensing and nanocharacterization.in 2004, a collaboration with the Army Research Laboratory (ARL, US Department of Defense, DoD) for the first time demonstrated the feasibility of LIP for stand-off detection of energetic materials in a field test. This achievement marked Santiago s career and the research on IED detection both in the US and Europe. In the next years and within the Laser Laboratory of UMA, he developed two stand-off LIP instruments in conjunction with Indra Sistemas and the Spanish Ministerio de Defensa, and started a collaboration with ARL, OOI (US) and APL (UK) involving five more instruments. In 2006, he moved to the University of Central Florida (UCF, US) to become a Senior Scientist at CREOL. Along with Prof. Martin Richardson he co-led a DoD-funded MURI program on femtosecond laser propagation and interaction and was key to the establishment of the Laser Ignition Facility of UCF, but on top of all, he took this unique chance to deeply broaden his knowledge in the fields of optics and plasma physics and chemistry.santiago is the co-author of 38 scientific works, including 6 book chapters, 4 patents and 28 papers published in peer-reviewed journals rated among the top 5 of their respective fields. He is the co-director of 1 PhD thesis, with 3 more on the way (he has a weaker link since he left UCF). His participation on conferences amounts to 62 papers (44 int. confs.) with 43 oral presentations. He has worked in 24 research projects/contracts co-directing 2 of them and has been a member of the international committees of several conferences worldwide.at present, while he keeps collaborating with UCF, he is back at UMA provisionally working as a laboratory technician for the Unidad de Nanotecnologia, a start up facility under the responsibility of Prof. José Ramos-Barrado (Dept. of Applied Physics). The Facility involves several UMA research groups working in Nanofabrication and Nanocharacterization (UPS-XPS, SNMS and FIB-SEM).
9 Nombre: SICILIA AGUILAR, MARIA AURORA Correo electrónico: RYC A dynamical picture of protoplanetary disk evolution: The influence of mass, environment, and initial conditions in the formation of extra-solar Systems Protoplanetary disks around solar-type stars are the precursors of our own Solar System. During their few-million years lifetimes, the disks suffer evolution characterized by gas accretion, dust coagulation and growth from micron-sized grains to planetesimals, dust settling, and photoevaporation. Disks lose material, acquire inner holes and gaps, flatten out, and finally disperse. Disk lifetimes set strong constrains to the time available for the formation of (giant) planets, and determine when and whether planet formation is possible. Although time evolution is evident when comparing disks and disk fractions in clusters with different ages, the large individual differences reveal that age is not the only factor in disk dissipation. The interplay of the different physical processes affecting the dust and gas in the disks and the effect of disk/stellar mass, initial conditions and external influence of nearby stars on planet formation are complex. I propose a multiwavelength approach to study the physics of protoplanetary disk dispersal in various cluster environments (including massive star forming regions and compact, low-mass clusters) at different evolutionary stages. Using the telescope facilities available to Spain and the European Union (ground-based as well as space-borne), I will investigate the effects of stellar properties (especially, disk and stellar mass), initial conditions, and environment in disk evolution to construct a coherent picture of the scenario where planets are formed, and the physical processes involved. Optical and ultraviolet data reveal stellar properties, activity, accretion, and the effects of photoevaporation in the innermost disk. Infrared observations show the presence of warm dust and gas at different distances from the star, as well as the mineralogy and solid state of the dust material, which are indirect traces of turbulence and transport in disks as well as of the processes governing grain growth/settling and chemistry. Gas lines related to photoevaporation/x-ray excitation are also detectable in the infrared. Finally, far-infrared, millimeter and submillimeter observations constrain the disk masses and trace prestellar and protostellar cores, exposing the formation initial conditions. Recent space-borne missions, like the Spitzer Space Telescope, peered in the structure and mineralogy of the inner disk. Multiobject spectrographs on 6-8m class telescopes (like Hectochelle/Hectospec on the MMT or FLAMES/VLT) opened a door to study more distant, fainter systems. Near-IR (CRIRES/VLT) and UV (COS/HST) instruments reveal the gas in the terrestrial planet-forming regions. The present and immediate future with the Herschel Space Telescope will extend our knowledge of disks beyond the snowline and the ice giant planet location, as well as back in time into the formation processes of the star-plus-disk systems, to be complemented with current millimeter and submillimeter facilities (IRAM singledish and interferometer, SMA, APEX). Multiobject spectroscopy with 10+m class telescopes (GTC/Osiris) will reveal the properties of the faintest and lowest-mass objects. These observations will trace the way to future projects that will expose the innermost structure of individual disks (ALMA, 2012) and target for detailed planetary spectra (JWST, ). My main field of expertise are multiwavelength studies of young stars and protoplanetary disks. I graduated in Physics in June 2000 at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, being awarded the national "Primer Premio Extraordinario Fin de Carrera". I worked as a summer student at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias from July-September 2000, before moving in October 2000 to start my doctorate in Astrophysics with a Smithsonian Fellowship to work with L. Hartmann at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) in Cambridge, MA, USA. This grant allowed me to fully pursue the research for my thesis at the CfA, although it required the thesis defense to take place in the original university (UAM, June 8th, 2005). My thesis consisted of observational studies of the solar-type stars in young stellar clusters at the critical age for planet formation (4-12 Megayears), in order to characterize the cluster members and the presence of protoplanetary disks. For this purpose, I used several telescope facilities worldwide and infrared data from Spitzer. I acquired a vast observational experience with different instruments (optical and IR imaging and spectroscopy) at different observatories (Kitt Peak, FLWO, MMT, Mauna Kea), performing myself most of the required observations as well as service observations for other groups.from September 2005-September 2008, I worked as Postoctoral Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA) in Heidelberg, Germany, within the group of Thomas Henning. I continued working on evolved protoplanetary disks, extending my research to include disk mineralogy (using IR spectra from IRS/Spitzer) to trace the evolution of dust and its relation to other parameters (disk turbulence), and millimeter observations to reveal the total disk mass and its evolution with time. I also extended my observational experience to radio observations (IRAM, Effelsberg) and optical observations at ESO/MPIA facilities. Most of the data used in my research came from my own accepted telescope applications, including ESO/VLT, IRAM, and Spitzer/IRS projects.in September 2008 I was awarded a two-year personal grant (extended to December 2010 due to maternity leave) from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) to pursue my own research project. I continued working in Heidelberg to take advantage of the MPIA facilities, including a Herschel GTO program. My project focused at extending my previous research to low-mass stars in different types of clusters (low-mass clusters and OB associations). The required data was provided by my own successful telescope applications (ESO/VLT, APEX, Calar Alto, MMT, BTA-SAO, IRAM), in addition to a collaboration with a Herschel GTO PACS program (P.I. Ph. André) to study the initial conditions in star-forming regions.my experience in firstclass international centers allows me to interact and collaborate with numerous people in institutions worldwide (USA, Spain, Hungary, Russia, France, Switzerland). During my postdoc time I have been awarded 236h of observing time at various telescopes. I have 21 publications in referred journals, 10 of them as first author, with 528 citations and H index 12. I am Spanish native speaker, and fluent in English and German. I have presented my results in numerous international conferences and seminars in different institutions.
10 Nombre: RUIZ DE AUSTRI BAZAN, ROBERTO Correo electrónico: Implicaciones de Modelos Supersimetricos en Colisionadores, Fisica de Astroparticulas y Cosmologia RYC El problema de la materia oscura es una de las cuestiones más díficiles a resolverpor la física moderna y es una de las mejores evidencias para la física más allá delmodelo Estándar de la física de partículas. Supersimetría que es la teoría más prometedorapara nueva física predice partículas que satisfacen los requisitos para constituir la materia oscura del universo. Además, entre otras cosas, aparece como un marco natural para explicar el fenómeno de la inflación cosmológica. El area de aplicación de la física de partículas a comprender el cosmos es llamada física de astropartículas. Es un campo con interes creciente,principalmente debido a la gran variedad de experimentos que se estan llevando a cabo enrelación con el tema y a los proyectados para un futuro cercano. Por otro lado, con la puestaen marcha del Large Hadron Collider (LHC) se espera que se descubra nueva física, en concretosupersimetría. El candidato ha propuesto la investigación en tres campos diferenciados: materiaoscura y colisionadores, cosmología y teorías más allá de la mínima extensión supersimétricadel Modelo Estándar.Así, una parte importante estará focalizada en el uso de datos tanto del experimento ATLASen el LHC, como de detección de materia oscura, obserbables electro-débiles y física del mesonb para inferir los parámetros fundamentales y el espectro de modelos supersimétricos. Unaconsecuencia directa de la observación de una señal de nueva física de tipo supersimétrica enel LHC implicaría el conocimiento del mecanismo de ruptura de supersimetría y a nivelcosmológico la estructura del halo galáctico y de la cosmología pre Big Bang. Esto será llevadoa cabo dentro de un bien definido contexto estadístico como es la estadística Bayesiana y de unamanera complementaria a través de la estadística frecuentista.esto constituye un programa ambicioso que está siendo desarrollado conjuntamente conexperimentales de ATLAS en el LHC, de detección directa y indirecta de materia oscura y confísicos teóricos de partículas, astrofísicos y estadísticos. Todo los avances están siendoplasmados en el código numérico llamado SuperBayeS. El código es público y disponible enhttp://superbayes.org y podrá ser también usado para estudios previos sobre el desarrollodel futuro colisionador lineal (ILC).Aparte de esto, el candidato propone trabajar en modelos de inflación, energía oscura yextensiones de la mínima realización supersimétrica del Modelo Estándar que engloban físicade neutrinos y asi analizar su fenomenología tanto desde el punto de colisionadores ycomo de implicaciones para materia oscura. Me licencie en ciencias fisicas, especialidad de fundamental en la Universidad de Cantabria. Luego hice mi doctorado en la Universidad de Lancaster en el Reino Unido a cargo del profesor Leszek Roszkowski. Posteriormente fui a la Universidad de Salonica en Grecia con una beca postdoctoralde la network europea "Supersymmetry and the Early Universe" perteneciente al quintoframework Europeo. Alli trabaje 2 años con el profesor George Lazarides. Despues de esto consegui una beca postdoctoral de 1 año en el departamento defisica de la Universidad de Sheffield en el Reino Unido. A continuacion fui a la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid con una beca Juan de la Cierva a cargo del profesor Carlos Muñoz donde estuve 3 años, mas un tiempo breve de extension del contrato. Desde que la acabe estoy en el Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular en Valencia con una nueva beca postdoctoral.durante los años de investigacion mi principal linea de investigacion se ha desarrollado en el campo de la fenomenologia de modelos SUSY aplicada tanto a colisionadores como al campo de las astroparticulas. Una de las mayores contribuciones que he echo en mi carrera investigadora ha sido la aplicacion de un metodo estadistico muy potente, que ha sido usado con exito en cosmologia del cosmic microwave background, en la exploracion de nueva fisica desde el punto de vista de colisionadores y de astroparticulas. Como consecuencia hemos creado un software publico que implementa todo esto. Ello ha tenido mucha aceptacion en la comunidad cientifica y como consecuencia hemos conseguido muchas citas en publicaciones relacionadas con ello. Ademas el codigoesta siendo utilizado por bastantes grupos de investigacion a nivel nacional y internacional.esto ademas ha llevado al interes de muchos grupos en colaborar con nosotros para la aplicacion del metodo en su investigacion. Desde experimentales que trabajan en el LHC como grupos que trabajan en experimentos de astrofisica/astroparticulas tales como FERMI y ICECUBE. Sobre FERMI decir que soy miembro externo del grupo de Materia Oscura de la colaboracion. Como dato adicional quiero decir que algunos resultados obtenidos con este metodo han sido publicados en la revista Nature.Aparte de esto que ha focalizado mi atencion durante los ultimos años, he acumulado alrededor de 1300 citas en las publicaciones en los 39 articulos, contando proceedings, en los que he participado.como otras cosas interesantes a citar, he enseñado en escuelas especializadas a estudiantes de doctorado y en la facultad de ciencias de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid una asignatura del segundo año de ciencias fisicas durante dos años academicos. Tambien debo mencionar que soy referee de revistas con gran impacto como JCAP. Finalmente decir que he participado en la organizacion de congresos.
11 Nombre: DOMINGO PARDO, CÉSAR Correo electrónico: Nuclear structure and astrophysics with exotic ions RYC Experimentos con haces de iones radiactivos constituyen una herramienta fundamental para la investigación de la estructura de la materia y en astrofísica nuclear. La línea de investigación principal de este proyecto es doble. Por un lado propongo una línea puramente científica, basada en la realización de experimentos con haces radiactivos en la instalación GSI-FRS (Alemania). Estos tres experimentos están enfocados al estudio de la estructura nuclear con un impacto notable en diversos escenarios astrofísicos. Por otro lado, planteo el desarrollo y construcción de instrumentación nuclear vanguardista para experimentos de espectroscopía gamma. En particular, propongo el desarrollo de un sistema para la caracterización espacial de detectores gamma de germanio sensibles a las posiciones. Estas dos líneas de investigación constituyen una continuación natural de mi trabajo actual como investigador postdoctoral en el GSI (Alemania) y están estrechamente vinculadas a la futura instalación internacional FAIR, donde España tiene una participación importante.1) Estructura y astrofísica nuclear con haces de iones radiactivos en el GSI:i) El primer experimento consiste en la medida de desintegración beta y de neutrones retardados en los isótopos Tl , Hg , Au , Pt y Ir Esta medida proporcionará información fundamental para el entendimiento del proceso de captura rápida de neutrones en entornos explosivos (como supernovas) y en particular para el estudio de la formación de los elementos más pesados que el bismuto, que son un producto exclusivo de la nucleosíntesis estelar explosiva. ii) El segundo experimento consiste en el estudio de la evolución de la estructura nuclear hacia el isótopo Ni78, que corresponde a un "cuello de botella" en la nucleosíntesis estelar del proceso rápido. Esta medida representará un importante adelanto para la mejor comprensión de la interacción spin-isospin residual y para el estudio de los efectos de estructura nuclear, característicos del cierre de capas (hacia N=50), que son fundamentales en la astrofísica del proceso rápido de captura neutrónica.iii) El tercer experimento consiste en hacer espectroscopía gamma en vuelo, a velocidades relativistas, para determinar con una precisión alta (5 kev) la energía de varios estados excitados en 47Mn y 58Zn, que corresponden a resonancias de captura protónica en el proceso de captura protónica rápida de nucleosíntesis estelar. Dichas medidas nos permitirán reducir entre 2 y 3 ordenes de magnitud incertidumbres existentes en la reacción de captura estelar (p,g) de estos dos isótopos, que son dos cuellos de botella en el proceso rápido de captura protónica, característico de las explosiones termonucleares en sistemas estelares binarios (x-ray bursts).2) Instrumentación vanguardista para experimentos de espectroscopía gamma:la línea de investigación científicotécnica de este proyecto esta dedicada al desarrollo de instrumentación nuclear vanguardista para espectroscopía gamma de alta resolución. Planteo el desarrollo de un sistema para la caracterización espacial de detectores de germanio. Un elemento clave en este trabajo consistirá en el desarrollo de una cámara-gamma, de alta resolución espacial y con un amplio campo de visión. Este tipo de investigación, es fundamental para experimentos con haces radioactivos, pero también tiene numerosas aplicaciones en el campo de la física médica. Desde enero 2008 investigador postdoctoral en el centro GSI (Alemania). Mi línea principal de investigación es el estudio de la estructura de la materia y su impacto en varios escenarios astrofísicos. Soy responsable-principal (spokesperson) de tres propuestas experimentales en el GSI y una en el Laboratorio Nacional de Leñaro (Italia). En el proyecto PRESPEC-GSI, soy responsable principal del "Grupo de Trabajo de Detectores de Radiación Gamma". Soy coordinador del "Grupo de simulación MC de AGATA en el GSI", este último involucra a unos 20 científicos de varios paises. En el GSI, dentro del proyecto HISPEC-DESPEC de FAIR, soy responsable principal de un proyecto enfocado al desarrollo de un sistema vanguardista para la caracterización de detectores de germanio sensibles a las posiciones. En el marco de este proyecto he desarrollado una cámaragamma, con aplicaciones en física médica. En el proyecto RISING-GSI he participado en 7 experimentos de beta-decay, correspondientes a mas de 60 días de medida. Participo activamente en el experimento n_tof del CERN, en la medida de secciones eficaces de captura neutrónica.de 4/2006 a 12/2007, investigador postdoctoral en el centro FZK-Karlsruhe (Alemania). Mi línea principal de investigación consiste en la medida de secciones eficaces de captura neutrónica de relevancia para astrofísica (nucleosíntesis estelar del proceso lento de captura neutrónica en estrellas AGB). Durante esta estancia también analizo y publico datos medidos anteriormente (durante mi tesis) en la instalación n_tof del CERN. Trabajo en estrecha colaboración con los astrofísicos F.Kaeppeler y R.Gallino. Me convierto en el miembro de la colaboración n_tof del CERN con mayor número de publicaciones como primer autor (relacionadas con n_tof) : Tesis doctoral con una beca I3P-CSIC en el IFIC (CSIC- Universidad de Valencia). La parte experimental la realizo en la instalación n_tof del CERN, en varias estancias de 2-3 meses. En el CERN participo en la puesta a punto del dispositivo para medidas de captura neutrónica y en el "commissioning" de la instalación. Una parte central de mi trabajo la dedico a la simulación MC del dispositivo de medida. Hacemos una contribución importante a la mejora de la técnica de medida (NIMA 517 (2004)) : Tesis de licenciatura en el Instituto de Física Nuclear de Mainz, en el marco de la colaboración A2. Beca del DAAD y 2 becas de la Universidad Johannes-Gutenberg de Mainz.Escribo mi tesis de licenciatura en alemán y obtengo la mejor calificación.en resumen he publicado 40 artículos en revistas científicas, tengo contribuciones a casi 60 congresos internacionales, 2 de ellas como conferenciante invitado, 4 años de estancia postdoctoral en FZK (Alemania) y en el GSI (Alemania), varias estancias de 2-3 meses en el CERN durante mi tesis doctoral y un año en el Instituto de Física Nuclear de Mainz durante mi tesis de licenciatura.en resumen tengo 40 publicaciones en revistas científicas, casi 60 contribuciones a congresos internacionales, 2 de ellas como conferenciante invitado, 4 años de estancia postdoctoral en FZK (Alemania) y en el GSI (Alemania), varias estancias de 2-3 meses en el CERN durante mi tesis doctoral, una estancia de un año para realizar mi tesis de licenciatura en el Instituto de Física Nuclear de Mainz (Alemania) y 3 meses como Summer-Student en la Universidad de Mainz (Alemania).
12 Nombre: ALONSO SOBRINO, ROI Correo electrónico: Detection and characterization of exoplanets RYC Since the discovery of the first exoplanet orbiting a solar type star in 1995 by Mayor & Queloz, more than 400 exoplanets have been found. The orbital inclinations of 65 of them are high enough as to cause the occultation of some parts of the host star by the planet during transits, which allow a series of follow-up studies that are not possible by other means. Thanks to the transits, we can measure the radius of the planet, which together with its mass estimation provides the density of the planet, and clues about its composition. The relatively few transiting exoplanets known to date already give an idea about the variety of these objects, which go from a dense planet, with a 70 M_E core, to an extremely low dense planet thatreaches a size of 1.7 R_J. As for today, the variety in densities and sizes of these objects is not fully understood, and additional sources of energy in some of these objects need to be invoked in order to explain the observed radius. Future planet discoveries using the transit method will throw some light in the planetary formation, structure and evolution. Space missions such as CoRoT, Kepler and PLATO are increasing the range of known planets, reaching terrestrial masses and orbits further away from their host stars. The first two discovered transiting Super-Earths (CoRoT-7b and GJ1214b) already show a difference in densities of a factor of 3.6, confirming the expected diversity in the exoplanets that are not gas giants. Some of the known transiting systems are multiple planet systems, and thus changes in the orbit of the transiting planet might be currently detectable. With the transmission spectroscopy technique, which allows the study of the radius of the planet at different wavelengths, we can detect the main absorption elements in the atmospheres of these objects. Measuring the occultation of the planet by the star, or secondary eclipse, we can infer the thermal emission from the planet at different wavelengths, thusproviding a method to obtain a spectrum of these objects. Licenciado en Física por la Universidad de La Laguna (2000). Doctor en Astrofísica por el Departamento de Astrofísica de la Universidad de la Laguna (Enero 2006), con la tesis "Detección y caracterización de exoplanetas mediante el método de los tránsitos", dirigida por los Dres. J.A. Belmonte y T.M. Brown. Post-doc en el Laboratoire d'astrophysique de Marseille ( , Dr. P. Barge) y en el Observatoire Astronomique de l'université de Genève ( , Prof. D. Queloz). He participado en varios proyectos pioneros en la detección de exoplanetas mediante el método de los tránsitos: STARE/TrES proporcionó las primeras detecciones en torno a estrellas relativamente brillantes. La misión espacial CoRoT detectó los primeros exoplanetas desde el espacio. En ambos proyectos he estado profundamente implicado, liderando los artículos que a día de hoy más citas han recibido de cada uno de los proyectos (2004: descubrimiento de TrES-1, >210 citas, 2008: descubrimiento de CoRoT-2b,>60 citas). TrES-1 fue clave para la primera detección de emisión térmica procedente de un exoplaneta, de la que soy coautor (>230 citas). En total, soy coautor de 46 artículos aceptados en revistas internacionales con árbitro. Mi índice h-hirsch es de 18, y el conjunto de mis publicaciones ha sido citado más de 1250 veces. He arbitrado trabajos en ApJ (4), A&A (2), IAU proceedings, y proyectos en la Academy of Science of the Check Republic. He sido miembro de cómite científico organizador de un workshop y miembro de tribunal de tesis. He sido invitado como lecturer a dos escuelas internacionales y como conferenciante a varios congresos. He impartido charlas y publicado trabajos de divulgación.
13 Nombre: REDONDO FERNÁNDEZ, IGNACIO Correo electrónico: Física de particulas experimental usando colisiones hadrónicas en CDF y CMS RYC In this application I am proposing the scheme of a project, whose driving theme consists in applying to CMS the experience gained in CDF.My contribution to CDF will continue focusing in the following projects:1.- To follow the radiation damage study of the Silicon detector comparing model predictions to depletion voltage and signal to noise ratio measurements. 2.- To analyse CDF data, focused on the identification and reconstruction of tau leptons in hadronic collisions. My contribution to CMS will evolve smoothly from my current CDF activities:1.- It is important to replicate the Silicon detector radiation damage analysis, since it is one of the main drivers of LHC/SLHC R&D.2.- To apply my CDF analysis experience to object reconstruction in CMS and ultimately to searches beyond the standard model. 3.- To participate in the operation of the CMS muon chambers, using my experience with the CDF silicon to help streamlining operations, decrase manpower requirements by increasing the automation of the system.this activity leads me naturally to work in SLHC upgrades of thecms DT system. I have signed 214 publications, which average ~30 cites/publication in spires: 135 were articles published by the CDF Collaboration, 52 by the ZEUS Collaboration and 14 by the H.E.S.S. Collaboration. I have also written 6 proceedings reports, 5 of them were published in refereed international journals; and edited the proceedings of a conference. Currently (from March 2006), I am a researcher financed by the CIEMAT. From March 2009 I have been ramping up the involvement in CMS, becoming a member; from 1/11/09 I am based at CERN. In CMS I have become an expert of the drift tubes muon detector (DT), particularly in the readout electronics that was mostly designed and built by CIEMAT. Previously I was based at Fermilab (Chicago, EE.UU.) working for CDF: 1- There, I was leader of Silicon operations group (SPL) from 02/2007 to 12/2007. This group is composed by ~10 people. As SPL, I was a member of the ISL Cooling task force, where my contribution was crucial for the diagnostic, design and application of the solution to the acidification problem that was threatening the detector. This problem is described in my proceedings submitted to VillaOlmo Conference in October The detector has been working fine since repairs during the 2007 shutdown.2- Silicon radiation degradation studies. I have co-supervised a PhD thesis ("Evidence of Dopant Type-Inversion and Other Radiation Effects of the CDF Silicon Detectors") that is about to be defended.3-involvement in B physics analysis From 03/04 to 03/06 I was financed by a PPARC technology transfer project: "Development of a prototype microstrip dosimeter for characterization of medical radiotherapy and radiosurgery systems". Initially, I was a Research Associate (RA) in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Sheffield, depending from the University of Glasgow from 11/04. In the context of this collaboration of industrial (Micron, ETL) and academic partners (Sheffield/Glasgow, RAL and the Weston Park Hospital, where I was based), I was responsible of a vast variety of projects, both hardware and software related. The results have been presented to several international conferences (IWORID, PSD, MIC/NSS IEEE) and published in refereed journals.i join the Astroparticle Group in LLR-Ecole Polytechnique (in2p3,cnrs) in January 2004 to work in the H.E.S.S. experiment, a system of Cerenkov Telescopes in Namibia. I think the H.E.S.S. articles listed in my publication list (including one in Nature and one in Science) show that, after decades of pioneering efforts, H.E.S.S. has finally opened a new window in high energy gamma astronomy never explored before. I was a member of the High Energy Physics Group at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid during the period linked to my thesis (08/97 to 12/01), which was titled "Charm Electroproduction at HERA" (supervisor L. Labarga), working in the ZEUS collaboration based in the DESY-Hamburg laboratory. I was financed by a pre-doctoral grant of the Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid. MY PhD work otained the extraordinary mention in Physics by the University.1-Analysis of the ZEUS data on D* meson electroproduction which lead to the ZEUS publication "Measurement of D*+- production and the charm contribution to F_2 in DIS" (150 cites in spires). 2-I took part in the ZEUS silicon vertex (MVD) test beam program (data taking, analysis and wrote publication in NIM) to study the behaviour of the Silicon microstrip dete
14 Nombre: AVE PERNAS, MÁXIMO Correo electrónico: High energy extra-solar radiation RYC The research on the origin of the high energy radiation arriving to Earth is a field with a long history. The definition of the energy regime and quanta type that this field refers to has changed over time. My main area of research is the study of the origin of Cosmic Rays. This type of radiation refers to charged particles, either leptons or quark composites, that arrive to Earth. Within this field, I focus in those that we are sure about its extra-solar origin. Due to the deflections of these particles in the intervening magnetic fields and the experimental techniques with which we measured them, it is a research that cannot be conducted in the same way as Astronomy. However, it requires input from both Astronomy and Particle Physics.I am planning to develop my research in this field with special of focus in the high energy end of the spectrum that is being measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory. Due to the low fluxes, these particles are measured via Extensive Air Showers. Therefore, the modeling of particle interactions at energies much higher than in current accelerators is required. One of my main topics will be the understanding of Extensive Air Showers.I have also diverse interests in the field of High Energy Physics. The field of High Energy Astrophysics has the potential to give us an insight not only on the Astrophysical environments where the radiation is produced, but also on Fundamental physics. I obtained my PhD title in the Department of Particle Physics of the University of Santiago the Compostela in the field of Astroparticle Physics. I have been working in this field for the last 10 years. I worked as a PPARC fellow in the University of Leeds, as a scientist in the University of Chicago, and in the TUM (Technische Universitaet Muenchen). Right now I am in the Institut fuer Kernphysik (IK), Karlsruhe. I am very much involved in the Pierre Auger Project, but I have also diverse interests in the field.
15 Nombre: PAREDES GALÁN, ÁNGEL Correo electrónico: Applications of gauge-gravity duality RYC One of the most fruitful notions that have been derived from string theory is the gauge-gravity correspondence. Weakly coupled gravity is useful for describing strongly coupled gauge systems and vice-versa. The study of different generalizations of the original AdS/CFT correspondence has provided remarkable insights in the physics of different set-ups, for instance, the quark-gluon plasma. The generalization and application of dualities between string and gauge theories has been one of my main research lines in the past. I have collaborated in related issues within several groups, finding nice results as a description of chiral symmetry breaking in terms of an open string tachyon or the construction of supergravity solutions corresponding to gauge theories with unquenched quarks.in the last years, a lot of progress, both technical and conceptual, has been achieved in this general framework. Thus, it is exciting and promising to work on it.my intention for future projects is to explore new possibilities that these developments have opened. The goal is to make contact with phenomenology as much as possible and to search for relations among the different areas of physics in which these methods can be applied. Concretely, I would like to use gauge-gravity methods to gain insight in the following questions, not unrelated among them:- Walking technicolor models for electroweak symmetry breaking. One essential limitation from the field theory point of view of this proposed UV completion of the standard model is the impossibility of making computations at strong coupling. Thus, it is a scenario where holographic models can naturally produce new insights. Some works have been done along this line, but I expect a lot of interesting physics to be discovered yet.- Study of properties of strongly coupled theories in which the dynamical effects of fundamental matter are essential, like phase diagrams of gauge theories. For instance, studies from the gauge-gravity point of view of color-flavor-locking-like phases or conformal windows. I expect my previous work about holographic theories in the Veneziano limit to be a good starting point.- Building of holographic models of hadrons, including mesons and baryons, their spectrum and other properties. Much work has been devoted for this, but models with open string tachyon effective actions are promising and yet to be thoroughly explored.- Construction of holographic models for certain condensed matter systems. Since the above research lines are ambitious enough, at this stage I regard this point as a tentative collateral prospect of the present project. It is worth emphasizing that since the gauge-gravity formalism gives a common framework for many strong coupling situations, one should keep in mind that technical developments in one model could be useful elsewhere. I am a postdoctoral researcher in the area of high energy physics theory (hep-th). Mostly, I have studied string theory methods for the analysis of strong gauge interactions using the so-called AdS/CFT duality and its generalizations.i have published 23 articles in top, international, specialized peer-reviewed journals; plus 5 contributions to conference proceedings. This work has achieved significant impact and has received approximately 760 citations, having two topcite 100+ papers and other two 50+ (my total citation count is 739 regarding SPIRES-HEP, the most complete database for the hep-th publications, to which 27 citations have to be added corresponding to my paper in Europhysics Letters which is not high energy physics and therefore is not listed in Spires). These papers were co-authored with 18 different scientists of 7 nationalities (all articles were small size collaborations of 3.1 authors in average). I have been able to present my research work in 36 specilized lectures in 13 different countries, including contributions to scientific meetings and invited seminars at different institutions. The list of places where I have been invited to present my work includes renowned institutions as Princeton University (USA), Imperial College (UK), École Normale Superieure (France), CERN (Switzerland), etc.i graduated in Physics at the University of Santiago de Compostela with a mark of 3.46 out of 4, in I obtained my Ph.D. cum laude also at Santiago, in June 2004, working under the supervision of Prof. Alfonso. V. Ramallo. After that, I have worked as a postdoctoral researcher in three leading European institutions, as I describe below. I accessed each of my three postdoctoral contracts after a competitive open process of applications, in which I was selected for the position by a local committee of each research institution. I have twice obtained the Marie Curie Intra- European fellowship (although I did not accept the second one).- From September 2004 to September 2007, I was postdoc researcher at the École Polytechnique in France. I was hired by Prof. E. Kiritis under a European EXT grant and extended my stay with a Marie Curie IEF. - From October 2007 to May 2009, I worked as a postdoc for the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. I was hired by Dr. Kasper Peeters under a VIDI grant of the Dutch national agency of research.- Since June 2009, I am working at University of Barcelona in Spain, supported by a project financed by the Spanish government of which Prof. J. Garriga is the principal investigator.apart from speaking Spanish and Galician as a native, I speak fluently English and French, while I have basic knowledge of Dutch and Catalan. As a chess player, I am FIDE Master (World Chess Federation), since I have obtained several academic prizes in my predoctoral career, of which I would like to highlight the first national (Spanish) prize of secondary education (in 1995).
16 Nombre: KHOMENKO, OLENA Correo electrónico: Ondas, convección y campos magnéticos en la atmósfera del Sol y de estrellas RYC My current research lines can be summarized as "Study of waves, convection, magnetic fields and their interaction in the atmospheres of Sun and stars" with observational analysis and theoretical /numerical modelling being in an equilibrium proportion. During my Thesis, I studied the statistical relationship between waves and solar granulation in order to understand the mechanisms of wave excitation in the Sun. I proposed an alternative theoretical model to explain these relationships, without the need to assume different acoustic excitation rates in granules and intergranular lanes. Over the same years I participated in a project aimed at studying the solar magnetic field topology, strength and dynamical processes using highresolution spectropolarimetric observations of quiet Sun and active regions. Together with my collaborators, I showed, for the first time, that at least 50% of the quiet solar surface is covered by the magnetic field directly measurable with the Zeeman effect, and estimated the magnetic energy budget of the quiet solar regions. Working as a Post Doc Juan de la Cierva at the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, I have developed from scratch a non-linear numerical code to solve the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations in 2 or 3 dimensions. The code is adapted for simulations of MHD wave propagation in non-trivial magnetic field configurations under adiabatic and non-adiabatic conditions. It has already been applied successfully to a number of problems in solar and stellar physics and is one of the most advanced in the community to study physics of waves in magnetic fields. This code has been used to study the wave propagation and refraction in sunspots; modelling of the behaviour of helioseismic waves propagating below the surface in active regions; simulations of magneto-acoustic pulsations in rapidly oscillating Ap stars, etc. Apart from the work on the quiet Sun magnetism and numerical simulations of MHD waves in solar and stellar atmospheres, I have expanded my scientific interests to stellar astrophysics. A most recently started research line is numerical simulations of stellar magneto-convection. This is a long-term ambitious project aiming at solving the problem of abundance determination of different chemical elements in different types of stars, primarily in metal-poor stars.my future perspective research lines will be. (1) continuation of work on the physics of waves in the magnetized atmospheres of Sun and stars; (2) magnetoconvection simulations of stellar atmospheres and precise chemical abundance determination; (3) study of the possible consequences of the deviations from ideal magnetohydrodynamics in the solar photosphere and chromosphere, due to their low degree of ionization, on the stability of the magnetic structures (such as sunspot and flux tubes) and on the energy transport and dissipation by means of MHD waves and electric currents. I obtained my Doctorate degree in 2003 at the Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences in Ukraine. The title of my thesis was "Five minute oscillations in local solar structures: granules, porules and sunspots". During I was working as a Post-Doc Juan de la Cierva at the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias. Presently, I am enjoying another Post Doctoral position at the same institute. During my scientific carrier I have participated successfully in a number of international and national scientific projects and have got experience both in theoretical and observational solar physics in diverse fields such as: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), analytical and numerical solutions of MHD equations, plasma physics, physics of waves in quiet and active regions of the solar atmosphere, radiative transfer of polarised light and spectral line formation, Zeeman effect on spectral lines, etc. I have experience in writing and executing numerical MHD codes for solving non-linear MHD equations in two and three dimensions. On the observational side, I have experience with state-of-art ground-based solar telescopes and instruments, spectropolarimeters and analysis of spectropolarimetric data. I am familiar with advanced methods of data analysis such as inversion techniques. My main actual research line is "Interaction of waves, convection and magnetic fields in the atmospheres of the Sun and stars". It comprises observational, theoretical and numerical aspects. I have published 31 refereed papers (22 of them as first-author), including 5 invited reviews on different subjects, from observations to numerical simulations. One of my recent papers was granted the JOSO 2007 Prize for the best paper by a young solar physicist. I have participated in 35 international conferences and have been invited 6 times to give review lectures on these conferences. My papers have received 292 citations in total. I presently participate in active collaborations with several institutes in Europe, US and Australia and have spent around 19 months in research visits to these institutes. I am the supervisor of two PhD thesis works, both started around 2006 and to be successfully finished in My application to the European Research Council Starting Grant call in 2010 "SPIA: Magnetic connectivity through the Solar Partially Ionized Atmosphere" successfully passed the Step 1 selection and I was invited for an interview with the evaluation panel in April I have been selected several times as a referee for the most prestigious journals in my field of research, such as The Astrophysical Journal, Astronomy & Astrophysics and Solar Physics.
17 Nombre: NOTARI, ALESSIO Correo electrónico: Theoretical Cosmology and High Energy Physics RYC I would like to pursue a few lines of research in Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. A first line of research focuses on the problem of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. In particular I have focused on the idea that we could live near the center of a large underdense region, which has ben shown to mimic an accelerated expansion without Dark Energy. The challenge here is to find a model which can account for all cosmological observations and to find observables specific to this model. Another connected issue that I am studying involves the Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropies, including primordial non-gaussianity and also the effect due to structures on very large scales (which could account for some observed anomalies in the CMB sky), their specific observational signatures, including cmb-lensing, non gaussianity and weaklensing. Another line of research involves the dynamics of Primordial Inflation in the Early Universe. In earlier publications we have proposed a scenario where Inflation from a metastable vacuum is successful in scalar-tensor gravity theories. In addition we have found that this scenario offers a possibility to explain dynamically the Hierarchy Problem (why gravity is so much weaker than the other forces). This scenario has moreover the unique virtue that it can be tested in gravitational wave experiments (LISA) and by CMB observations. This line of research requires to construct realistic particle physics candidates for such a scenario. Also, this is intimately connected to scalar-tensor and other modifications of gravity, and I plan to pursue these subjects as well, in relation to the acceleration of the Universe and to new observations of structure formation.another topic that I am working on is the generation of primordial magnetic fields in the primordial plasma. Moreover, I have worked on field theory at finite temperature for models of baryogenesis and I am now starting to work on aspects of it, in external fields for various applications. In general, I plan to connect theoretical ideas with the observations that are coming from experimental cosmology and particle physics (with the coming LHC experiment), on several topics: inflation, dark energy, cosmological perturbations, baryogenesis and particle phenomenology. I have studied Physics at Scuola Normale Superiore and Universita' di Pisa (Italy) from 1997 to In November 2001 I have graduated in Physics at Universita' di Pisa (110/110 cum laude), with a thesis in Theoretical Cosmology and Particle Physics, on the ``Cosmology of neutrinos as warm dark matter'', supervised by prof.a.riotto and prof. R.Barbieri. In October 2002 I have graduated also from Scuola Normale Superiore (70/70 cum laude). I have pursued a Ph.D. program at Scuola Normale Superiore from 2002 to the end of 2004, supervised by A.Riotto. During this period I have worked on topics related to the very early universe, such as effects of low reheating temperatures after primordial inflation on production of neutrinos, cosmological perturbations through quantum fluctuations of scalar fields (specifically, isocurvature fluctuations with non canonical kinetic terms), the curvaton scenario for the production of cosmological perturbations, the issue of vacuum choice in quantum fluctuations during inflation, the presence of thermal masses in the reheating process after inflation. Mainly my Ph.D. thesis has been based on the production of matterantimatter asymmetry in the universe, via the Leptogenesis mechanism, through heavy right handed neutrinos decays. Using finite temperature field theory we have included thermal plasma effects, performing a thorough detailed study taking into account of many new effects with respect to the previous literature. Then, we have re-analyzed the issue of deriving a bound on light neutrino masses from leptogenesis, correcting and settling down previous calculations and showing new results, which are important for connecting this scenario to experimental results.in July 2005 I have obtained my Ph.D. degree in Physics (70/70 cum laude), with a Ph.D. thesis on ``Thermal Leptogenesis in the Early Universe and Bounds on Neutrino Masses''. In September 2005 I have moved as a post-doc to McGill University (Montreal, QC). In this period I have worked on new lines of research. One is the production of cosmological magnetic fields: we have shown for the first time how standard structure formation produces small cosmic magnetic fields around the epoch of recombination (based on second order cosmological perturbations).another line of research I have started is the problem of the observed late-time acceleration, which is one of the major puzzles in cosmology, in the last decade. The approach that I have followed is the one of connecting this phenomenon with structure formation, which could offer, if viable, a natural possibility to explain the socalled coincidence problem (why acceleration starts around the epoch where we live).finally I have worked on the dynamics and model-building of Inflation, proposing a model which is built starting from a false vacuum (as in "Old Inflation"), and which has many observable consequences.in this period I have also got Teaching experience at McGill University named ``Space, Time and Matter'', giving lectures and having office hours for the students. After being a Fellow at C.E.R.N. Theory Division for 2 years, I have now moved to the University of Heidelberg and I am working on the above subjects, in addition to new ones, such as secondary effects in the CMB, weak-lensing, scalar-tensor gravity theories as well as finite temperature field theory.
18 Nombre: RODRÍGUEZ GIL, PABLO Correo electrónico: Extreme evolution of compact binary stars RYC Despite the central importance that the study of compact binaries has on key issues in modern astrophysics, such as the role of Type Ia supernovae in the calibration of the cosmological distance scale, the nature of gamma ray bursts or, more recently, the calibration of gravitational wave experiments, there are still fundamental open questions. Therefore, I am currently leading the effort aimed at unveiling some of the most extreme evolution stages of white dwarf binaries, the most numerous population of compact binary, thus capable of providing statistically significant samples. My research line, which is developed along with a large international collaboration, comprises the following open fronts:1. Study of the evolution of the SW Sextantis stars, the dominant population of cataclysmic variables (CVs) in the narrow orbital period region (3-4 h) where steep changes in the angular momentum loss and the accretion process are expected by theory. These systems also show the highest mass transfer rates among CVs. My research involves (i) pioneering dynamical measurements of the stellar masses during low states (when both stars get exposed due to accretion greatly diminishing), by means of time-resolved spectroscopy with 8-10m class telescopes (VLT, Gemini, GTC), and (ii) measurement of white dwarf magnetic fields (circular polarimetry) and their role in the accretion process. My recent discoveries point out a likely relationship between the low states and solar-like magnetic cycles in the donor stars. Therefore, the study of the interplay between the magnetic fields of both stars has become fundamental.2. Characterisation of the faint end of the Galactic CV population: the study of the Galactic population of CVs (encouraged and currently led by our international research collaboration) is now providing the long-awaited observational evidence needed by the evolution theory since decades ago. However, theory is still missing essential observational input from the large population of intrinsically faint CVs (V > 19.5 and Porb ~ 80 min), which show the lowest accretion rates and are close to end their lifes as CVs. I intend to lead this study in Spain, which requires the largest telescopes. Observing time has already been awarded at the GTC and the VLT.3. Studies of ultra-compact binaries: Double white dwarf binaries are another cornerstone population for compact binary evolution, which provide the dominant component in Galactic gravitational wave emission and connect to Type Ia supernova pathways. Among these, ultra-compact systems (with orbital periods of a few minutes) are of chief importance, as they have been ear-marked as crucial calibration sources for the LISA gravitational-wave mission. It is therefore important to study these systems in detail and rigorously establish the makeup of the underlying binaries. I am just starting off this research line, which has recently been granted high-priority,16 hours dark time with the GTC to perform fast spectroscopy of the 9.5-minute period system V407 Vul. SITUACIÓN ACTUAL: Astrónomo de Soporte Científico en el Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes (ING, La Palma) desde noviembre de 2007 (tercer contrato postdoctoral). Actual Jefe del Telescopio Isaac Newton de 2.5 m (INT) y segundo Jefe del Telescopio William Herschel de 4.2 m (WHT), ambos en el Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos. TRAYECTORIA CIENTÍFICA: Doctorado en Astrofísica por la Universidad de La Laguna (2003). Desde mi estancia doctoral en el Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC, ), mi actividad investigadora ha estado centrada en el estudio de la estructura y evolución de estrellas binarias compactas. Primer contrato postdoctoral de dos años realizado entre las universidades de Southampton y Warwick (Reino Unido), referentes en este campo de investigación. Contrato postdoctoral de 3 años en el IAC. ESTANCIAS: Invitado como Visiting Scientist por el Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (EE.UU) y en dos ocasiones por el European Southern Observatory (Chile). PRODUCTIVIDAD CIENTÍFICA: 50 artículos en revistas internacionales con árbitro e índice de impacto mayor que 4.15; 15 como primer autor. Número total de publicaciones de 98, con 691 citas y número de Hirsch H= comunicaciones a congresos internacionales. 5 charlas invitadas. EVALUACIÓN CIENTÍFICA: evaluador del National Time Allocation Commitee del Telescopio Gemini de 8 m (2004). Miembro de la Comisión para la Asignación de Tiempo (CAT) desde Evaluador de la Agencia Nacional de Evaluación y Prospectiva (ANEP). Referee de las revistas Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Astronomy & Astrophysics y The Astronomical Journal. Miembro de 3 tribunales de tesis. DOCENCIA: he dirigido una tesis doctoral, leída en Profesor del Máster de Astrofísica del Departamento de Astrofísica de la Universidad de La Laguna. Responsable del Programa de Estudiantes del ING, dedicado a la formación científica y técnica de jóvenes astrónomos. TECNOLOGÍA: Instrument Scientist del Intermediate resolution Spectrograph and Imaging System (ISIS), el instrumento más productivo del WHT, y del Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph en el INT. Project scientist del sistema QUCAM de espectroscopia rápida con cámaras CCD de multiplicación de electrones en WHT/ISIS. Project scientist de la nueva caja de adquisición y guiado del WHT.
19 Nombre: PAPINUTTO, MAURO Correo electrónico: Non-perturbative QCD, heavy quark effective theory and flavour physics RYC The understanding of the dynamics of light hadrons and the quantitative prediction of the rich low-energy QCDphenomenology is of fundamental importance for the study of both the strong and weak interactions. However, dueto the non-perturbative character of QCD in this regime, this task constitutes a big challenge. Lattice QCD is anappropriate tool to perform ab-initio calculations by keeping, at least in principle, all the systematics under control.together with the use of suitable effective theories as the chiral effective theory (needed for the chiral extrapolation of observables depending on the up/down quark masses) and the heavy quark effective theory (needed to compute non-perturbatively observables depending on one heavy quark), lattice QCD is well suited to study the non-perturbative aspects of the physics of light and heavy-light hadrons (hadron spectroscopy, decay constants, weak matrix elements, form factors, etc.).my proposal consists in applying these techniques to study quantities which are of fundamental importance eitherto understand the non-perturbative aspects of QCD or to constrain the CKM unitarity triangle (and thus crucial forthe possible discovery of new physics beyond the SM).I am interested in particular in the computation of the Kaon B-parameter (needed to constrain the upper vertex ofthe CKM triangle) and in the study of hadron-hadron scattering (in particular pi-pi scattering, a crucial step for the study of non-leptonic Kaon decays); in the computation of B-meson decay constants, B-parameters and semileptonic form factors which, combined with the experimental data from BaBar/Belle/D0/CDF II and the upcoming LHC-b and Super B Factory, are needed in order to improve the constraints on the CKM triangle. Finally I am interested in various aspects of baryon physics which also represent a testing ground for QCD (baryon spectroscopy, the neutron electric dipole moment, generalized parton distributions, electromagnetic form factors, the strange content of the nucleon). * November 2009-October 2012: three years CNRS research position ("CDD chercheurs", renewable 1 time) atlpsc Grenoble.* February October 2009: nine months CNRS research contract at LPSC Grenoble.* February 2007-January 2009: post-doctoral fellowship at CERN.* October 2005-January 2007: Assegno di ricerca (italian post-doctoral position) at Sezione INFN di Roma 3.* October 2003-September 2005: post-doctoral fellowship at NIC/DESY Zeuthen.* February 2002-September 2003: post-doctoral fellowship at DESY Hamburg.* 1st February 2002: PhD degree in Physics at Univ. of Pisa. Thesis: "New Lattice Approaches to Non-Leptonic Kaon Decays". Thesis advisor: Prof. G. Martinelli.* November January 2002: Three months research contract at Univ. of Roma "La Sapienza".* January-July 2000: Visitor at Laboratoire de Physique Theorique (LPT) de l'univ. de Paris Sud.* 17th November 1998: Diploma in Physics at Scuola Normale Superiore (final mark: 70/70 cum laude).* 30th September 1998: Degree in Physics at Univ. of Pisa (final mark: 110/110 cum laude).thesis: "Monte Carlo Methods for the Interacting Self- Avoiding Walk". Thesis advisor: Prof. S. CaraccioloAWARDS AND QUALIFICATIONS* September 2002: Award "New Talents" for the best theoretical talk at the International Schoolof Subnuclear Physics, 40th Course (directors G. 't Hooft), Erice, Italy.* 10th-18th July 1993: Participant, as one of the five members of the italian team, at the XXIV InternationalPhysics Olympiad, Williamsburg VA, USA.SUMMARY OF OBTAINED EXTERNAL FUNDING* Project "Lattice QCD Calculations in Hadron Physics", financed by the EC with a "Marie Curie European Reintegration Grant" (ERG) for 30 months (November 2009-April 2012) with contract PERG05-GA * Project "Lattice QCD with light quarks", financed by the EC with a "Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship" (EIF) for 2 years (February January 2009) with contract MEIF-CT REFEREE EXPERIENCE* From 2008: Referee for "Physics Letters B" (Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics), Elsevier B.V.PUBLICATIONS AND TALKS co-author of 25 publications in Refereed Journals co-author of 28 conference proceedings author of 30 talks:* 4 invited talks: HEP2001, Monte Porzio Catone 2005, Ringberg 2006, HEP2007; * 6 at the "International Symposium on Lattice Field Theories": Berlin 2001, Boston 2002, Tsukuba 2003, Chicago 2004, Dublin 2005, Regensburg 2007;* 6 at international workshops and conferences;* 14 in European Research Centres and Universities.TEACHING* x20h exercise classes of "Elements of theoretical physics I & II" (3rd year Physics, Univ. of Roma Tre).* March h course on "Non-Perturbative Renormalization in QCD" to the researchers of the French GDR"Calcul sur Reseau en Physique Subatomique".* h exercise classes "Mathematiques pour la Physique" (3rd year Physics-Chemistry Univ J. Fourier).* h laboratory classes "Introduction to C++" (3rd year Physics, Univ. J. Fourier).* h course "Topics in Perturbative and Non-Perturbative Quantum Field Theory" at the "Ecole Doctorale de Grenoble".* Co-supervisor of the PhD thesis of P.A.Harraud: "Non-perturbative computation of nucleon generalized form factors"languages* Italian (own language) * English (fluent)* French (fluent) * German (good)
20 Nombre: SANZ GARCÍA, EDUARDO Correo electrónico: Physical properties and assembly routes of new materials RYC Pretendo dedicar mis próximos años de investigación al estudio, mediante simulación, de la física de nuevos materiales. En concreto planeo: (i) estudiar posibles rutas para la formación de nuevos materiales y (ii) entender cómo las propiedades macroscópicas de estos materiales se ven afectadas por las características de los constituyentes del material y/o por la ruta de formación del mismo.la línea (i) implica el estudio del proceso por el que los elementos constituyentes de un material (átomos, moléculas, coloides, macromoléculas) se organizan para dar lugar a una estructura (una red cristalina, una lámina bidimensional, una vesícula) cuyas propiedades puedan tener interés a nivel biológico (cristales de proteínas) o tecnológico (cristales coloidales con propiedades fotónicas, geles coloidales). Este tipo de estudio requiere, como punto de partida, un conocimiento preciso de las fases que los elementos constituyentes del material pueden formar, y de las condiciones termodinámicas a las que cada una de estas fases es estable. La razón por la que esto es así es obvia si la estructura que se pretende formar es una estructura de equilibrio. Si se pretende obtener una estructura fuera del equilibrio es igualmente necesario conocer el diagrama de fases, dado que el comportamiento de equilibrio subyacente ejerce, en cualquier caso, una fuerte influencia sobre la ruta de formación. Una vez que el comportamiento de equilibrio ha sido caracterizado, es posible abordar el estudio de la transición entre un estado en el que los elementos constituyentes del material están situados y/u orientados al azar y el estado final, en el que conforman la estructura deseada. La influencia de campos externos (gravitacional, eléctrico, magnético) y/o de la presencia de interfases podría permitir la accesibilidad a nuevos materiales, por lo que también querría dedicarme a su estudio. Tan importante como el estudio de la viabilidad de formación de un nuevo material, es la caracterización y el control de sus propiedades (línea (ii)). Por ejemplo, podemos controlar el modo en el que un gel fluye modificando el protocolo de formación o alterando las propiedades de sus constituyentes? O, es posible usar constituyentes que se auto-propulsan (materia activa) para dar lugar a materiales con nuevas propiedades? Dado el vasto espectro de parámetros que entra en juego en el proceso de elaboración experimental de nuevos materiales, un trabajo numérico que dé información acerca de los requisitos fundamentales que garantizan el éxito puede constituir una guía muy valiosa. Mi carrera científica comenzó hace 8 años, cuando empecé el doctorado en enero de Hasta la fecha he publicado 33 artículos en revistas internacionales, 5 de ellos en la prestigiosa revista de física Physical Review Letters (3 de los cuales como primer autor). Mistrabajos han sido citados 641 veces hasta la fecha y mi índice "h" es 13. Estudie química en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) y, desde el tercer curso, empecé a interesarme por la investigación, colaborando en mi tiempo libre con el grupo "Termodinámica estadística de fluidos moleculares" del profesor C. Vega de las Heras, donde más adelante hice mi tesis, "Equilibrio termodinámico de sólidos mediante simulación molecular", con una beca FPU del Ministerio de Educación. Hice la tesis en 4 años y, al final de la misma, contaba con 15 artículos publicados en revistas internacionales. Uno de ellos, publicado en Phys. Rev. Lett. en 2004 y del que soy primer autor, tiene 97 citas y otro, en J. Chem. Phys en 2005, 106 citas. Durante mi tesis hice dos estancias de 3 meses en el grupo del profesor Daan Frenkel en Amsterdam. Fruto de la colaboración publicamos un artículo en 2005 que cuenta con 36 citas. Mi tesis, aprobada sobresaliente cum laude, recibió mención Europea y el premio extraordinario de doctorado por la UCM. Defendí la tesis el viernes 13 de enero de 2006 y el lunes 16 me incorporé al grupo de Soft Matter de la profesora Marjolein Dijkstra, con un contrato por la Universidad de Utrecht. Dos de los 6 artículos que hasta la fecha tengo con el grupo de Utrecht han sido publicados en Phys. Rev. Lett. En enero de 2008 comencé mi segundo post-doctorado, en el grupo "Condensed Matter" del profesor Michael E Cates de la Universidad de Edimburgo, UK. A pesar de tener un contrato de dos años con la universidad de Edimburgo, en 2008 decidí solicitar una beca Marie Curie de la Unión Europea para tener más independencia como investigador. Desde mayo de 2009 mi actividad científica está financiada por dicha beca. En Edimburgo he publicado, entre otros, dos artículos en Phys. Rev. Lett. Uno de ellos, del que soy primer autor, ha sido recomendado por el editor de la revista (el artículo ha sido publicado con un símbolo especial para que quede constancia de ello), además de ser reseñado en la revista de física divulgativa Physics Today y en la página de internet del American Institute of Physics (APS). Además de mantener activas colaboraciones con los grupos de Madrid y de Utrecht, también trabajo con el grupo del profesor Francesco Sciortino (Universidad La Sapienza de Roma), quien me invitó durante el mes de octubre de 2008 a visitar su grupo. Esta colaboración ya ha dado sus frutos --un articulo tipo "letter" en J. Phys. Chem. B-- y continúa activa.he hecho más de 10 presentaciones orales entre simposios y congresos, de las que destacan la presentación oral en el 2008 en la conferencia Liquids Matter, Lund, Sueceia, organizada por la European Physical Society, y la charla invitada en el APS March meeting en 2009, Pittsburgh, USA (el congreso de física más grande de los Estados Unidos). Soy censor de 5 revistas internacionales.