2 BACKGROUND DR plays an important role in supporting the Haitian government in terms of response to the Jan 2010 earthquake The Haiti earthquake demonstrated the high degree of physical and social vulnerability of the island to seismic events There has been accelerated urban growth in recent years in the main cities in the DR, with a tendency to construct buildings with adequate techniques. The earthquakes of Chile and Japan further pushed the need to conduct an analysis of the situation in the DR with respect to seismic risk and the real possibility of suffering from an earthquake of greater magnitude. Policy decision to address the issues and orient efforts to reduction of risk in the DR. The DR government requested the support of UNDP, in the process of identifying action lines and strategies for seismic risk reduction.
3 CAPACITY FOR LEARN THE LESSONS
4 Vulnerabiity Reduction Construction with standards of security
5 In the DR, there was a large earthquake in 1946 with a 8.1 magnitude; in addition, there have been seismic movement which has affected the population in 1562, 1615, 1673, 1691, 1751, 1761, 1842, 1897 and 1946 On Sept 22nd 2003 there was an earthquake of magnitude 6.5, with a depth of 10 km, located 20 km north of Santiago de Los Cabelleros and 15 km south of Puerto Plata.
9 THE PROCESS In Feb 2010, by mandate of the President of the Republic then Dr. Dr. Leonel Fernández Reyna and under the instructions of the Minister of Economy, Planning and Development Juan Temístocles Montás the Department of Land Use Planning and Development initiated a process of analysis and institutional consultations to define strategic areas of action to reduce seismic risk.
10 Cont d The Department has the role as coordinating inter sectorally and inter institutionally the different levels of public administration and private entities at the municipal, provincial, regional and sectoral levels. (Law ) In March 2010 two committees were convened for the analysis and discussion of proposals related to seismic risk reduction 1) the identification of short term actions 2) the development of a plan to reduce risk over medium and long term
11 PARTICIPATING AGENCIES National Emergency Commission ( CNE) National Technical Committee Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Ministry of Public Works and Communications Ministry of Environment Ministry of Education Dominican College of Engineers, Architects and Land Surveyors (CODIA) Association of Construction and Housing Promotors (ACPROVI) SODOGEO Dominican Society of Seismology and Seismic Engineers (SODOSISMICA) Dominican Society of Geology National Office of Seismic Evaluation and Building Vulnerabilities (ONESVIE) University Institute of Seismology (UASD) National Geological Service The Catholic University of Mother and Master (Madre y Maestro) (PUMM) The National University Pedro Henriquez Urena (UNPHU) Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD) Civil Defense Dominican Red Cross Society Delegation of the European Union Agencies and Programs of the UN ACPP Intermon Oxfam
12 CONT D The process of institutional consultation, the consolidation of information about strategic direction and the development of the Seismic.El Proceso Risk Reduction Plan proposal was supported with technical assistance from UNDP, and was coordinated and supervised by the Department of Land Use Planning and Development (DGODT). Finalization during the National Plan for Seismic Risk Reduction workshop Lines for Action for Recovery, coordinated by UNDP (Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, May 2010) Development of a draft Plan for Seismic Risk Reduction workshop with an institutional revision process (Sept Oct 2010) Conducted a Workshop for Revision and Validation of the proposed Plan (Nov 2010)
13 APRENDER THE PROCESS LAS IN LECCIONES STATISTICS Institutional meetings and working sessions: 47 Workshops and Awareness/Dissemination Sessions: 8 Participating Institutions in the process: 45 Representatives of ministries, government bodies, decentralized institutions, technical and research bodies, universities, municipal associations, response units, donors, service companies, professional associations etc. Estimated Hours of Work: 751 Days of Work: 94
15 DEFINITION OF THE PLAN The Seismic Risk Reduction Plan is understood as a set of political and technical guidelines that aim to provide strategic orientation to the authorities, institutions at all territorial levels and civil society in general, to reduce risk factors related to seismic hazards and promote the improvement of capacity in the areas of prevention, mitigation, response and recovery, as well as resilience in potentially affected communities.
16 PURPOSE OF THE PLAN Strengthen and improve the capacity of the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Response, and their respective coordination and execution units. Create an enabling environment so government investments are safe and sustainable Promote mechanisms to use of standards in territorial planning and structure and infrastructure constructions that is in accordance with the characteristics of the zone. Reduce the financial vulnerability of the state from the need to invest considerable resources in disaster recovery and reconstruction process.
17 PURPOSE OF THE PLAN Avoid the loss of human life in the event of an earthquake Reduce the maximum impact of an earthquake on critical infrastructure and guarantee that said infrastructure will function in a crisis. Ensure governance processes of the state in situations of disasters Reduce economic loss from possible destruction of structures and infrastructure. Improve community resilience to respond and recover.
18 LINKS The National Plan for Seismic Risk Reduction is aligned with the National Plan for Prevention, Mitigation and Response to disasters (Law 147/02) The National Plan for Emergencies and the National Earthquake Contingency Plan It supports elements of the National Strategy for Development 2030, in strategy lines 4, with respect to the development of an effective national system for comprehensive risk management, incorporating the active participation of communities.
19 STRATEGIC AXIS In accordance with the strategic lines of the National Plan for Risk Management: 1. Promote knowledge management and evaluation of risk 2. Strengthen the reduction of risk factors 3. Improve the practices and mechanisms of warning and response 4. Train human resources: education and capacity development 5. Strengthen inter institutionalcapacityinriskmanagement
20 1. Promote knowledge management and evaluation of risk Knowledge Management: Generate knowledge regarding seismic phenomenon and produce key information that can advance planning and land use processes. Subprograms: 3 Projects: 16 Evaluation of Risk: Analysis of the hazard and vulnerability components and the approximation of seismic risk. Subprograms: 1 Projects: 5 InformationManagementSystems:Use appropriate technologies for information management and generate products that support planning processes. Subprograms: 2 Projects: 4 Programs: 3 Subprograms: 6 Projects: 25
21 2. Strengthen the reduction of risk factors Corrective Risk Management: Reduce vulnerabilities that have been generated due to past development practice Subprograms: 4 Projects: 5 Prospective Risk Management: Actions oriented to avoid the generation of new conditions for vulnerabilities and risk. Subprograms: 4 Projects: 9 Recovery and Reconstruction Management: Process for planning for recovery. Subprograms: 1 Projects: 6 Risk Transference: Identify and analyze risk transfer and retention.. Subprograms: 1 Projects: Programs: 4 Subprograms: 10 Projects: 22
22 3. Improve the practices and mechanisms of warning and response Earthquake Emergency Plan: Establish programmatic lines of action for preparation and response, in event of an earthquake with significant losses. Subprograms: 3 Projects: 10 Tsunami Early Warning: Establish norms and actions for rapid institutional response, the early warning system, mechanisms for communication, definition of protocols and information outreach to the public. Subprograms: 1 Projects: 1 Programs: 2 Subprograms: 4 Projects: 11
23 4. Train human resources: education and capacity development Awareness Building: Generation of awareness building and teaching materials learning tools, manuals, and guides with specific instructions for users. Subprograms: 3 Projects: 12 Training and Capacity Development for those at an institutional level who assume the tasks of coordination and facilitation of risk reduction management activities. Subprograms: 6 Projects: 14 Outreach and Communication Strategy: Incorporate communication strategies in the seismic risk reduction actions. Subprograms: 1 Projects: 2 Programs: 3 Subprograms: 10 Projects: 28
24 5. Strengthen inter institutional capacity in risk management Strengthen institutional capacity: An institutional strengthening strategy that focuses on improving the capacities of the National System to enable it to act in the various territorial levels. Subprograms: 5 Projects: 11 Pilot Project to Reduce Seismic Risk: It is considered important that the programs outlined in the plan are tested through pilot projects, which in t turn develop capacity, validate methodologies and build experience. Subprograms: 1 Projects: 1 Programs: 2 Subprograms: 6 Projects: 12
25 EJE ESTRATÉGICO FORTALECER LA REDUCCIÓN Y LA PREVISIÓN DE LOS FACTORES DE RIESGO PROGRAMAS SUBPROGRAMAS PROYECTOS INDICADOR DE RESULTADO GESTIÓN DEL RIESGO CORRECTIVA Reforzamiento de edificaciones esenciales por orden de prioridad Intervención de la vulnerabilidad física y funcional en líneas vitales Hospitales Escuelas Edificios públicos Entidades de atención a la población Medidas para la reducción de la vulnerabilidad en: Sistema de suministro de agua potable, Sistema eléctrico, Sistema de comunicaciones, Redes viales e infraestructura vital Hospitales, escuelas, edificios públicos y otras infraestructuras esenciales reforzadas estructuralmente Líneas vitales con medidas de intervención estructural para su respuesta adecuada ante eventos sísmicos METAS Reforzamiento de infraestructuras esenciales e intervención de la vulnerabilidad en líneas vitales en las 2 principales ciudades de RD en un plazo entre 3 y 7 años PLAZO EJEC. Corto Mediano Corto Mediano Reubicación y protección de vivienda en zonas de alto riesgo sísmico Reubicación de familias de zonas de alto riesgo sísmico Familias reubicadas y en condiciones de vida sostenibles Al menos dos procesos de reubicación de familias de zonas de riesgo en un plazo de 5 a 10 años Largo Renovación urbana, mejoramiento de viviendas y recuperación de áreas con problemática de riesgo sísmico Proyectos de renovación urbana Mejoramiento de viviendas y adopción de medidas de sismo resistencia Zonas recuperadas y con un uso del suelo acorde a su vocación Viviendas con medidas de mitigación para la reducción del riesgo sísmico Al menos 3 proyectos de renovación urbana y mejoramiento de vivienda implementados en las dos principales ciudades de RD en un plazo entre 5 y 10 años Largo Largo
26 EJE ESTRATÉGICO PROMOVER EL DESARROLLO DEL CONOCIMIENTO Y EVALUACIÓN DEL RIESGO Y SU SOCIALIZACIÓN PROGRAMAS SUBPROGRAMAS PROYECTOS INSTITUCIÓN RESPONSABLE EVALUACIÓN DE RIESGOS Evaluación y conocimiento de la amenaza sísmica. Generación de información técnica de la red nacional de sismógrafos y acelerógrafos Estudios de fuentes sismogénicas activas y sismicidad histórica. Mapa de fallas activas Análisis de la amenaza sísmica a nivel provincial y municipal. Estudio de amenaza sismo geotécnica Instituto Sismológico Universitario Servicio Geológico Nacional Instituto Sismológico Universitario Servicio Geológico Nacional Servicio Geológico Nacional INSTITUCIONES QUE APOYAN Instituto Nacional de Recursos Hidráulicos INDRHI Ministerio de Obras Públicas Ministerio de Fuerzas Armadas Sodosísmica Servicio Geológico Nacional INDRHI Sodosísmica Instituto Sismológico Universitario Ministerio de Obras Públicas Sodosísmica Instituto Sismológico Universitario Ministerio de Obras Públicas ÁMBITO COMPET. Nacional Nacional Provincial Municipal Nacional Provincial Municipal Análisis de la amenaza por tsunami Levantamiento de cartografía temática Servicio Geológico Nacional Instituto Sismológico Universitario Servicio Geológico Nacional Oficina Nacional de Meteorología Ministerio de Medio Ambiente Ministerio de las Fuerzas Armadas Instituto Cartográfico Militar Instituto Geográfico Nacional Nacional Provincial
27 Plan Nacional THE de PLAN Reducción IN STATISTICS de Riesgo Sísmico STRATEGIC AXIS: 5 PROGRAMS: 14 SUBPROGRAMS: 36 PROJECTS: 98 INDICATORS OF RESULTS: 100 OBJECTIVES: 57 Define for each project: Institutions responsible for implementation, supporting institutions, duration (short or medium term) and competencies (national, provincial and municipal).
28 Strategies for the Implementaiton o of the National Plan for Seismic Risk Reduction
29 HOW IS IT Plan ORGANIZED Nacional de Reducción de Riesgo Sísmico Strategy for awareness building, outreach and institutional engagement Strategy to plan for and incorporate risk Strategy for financial management Strategy for capacity development Strategy for implementation and monitoring
30 Progess of Implementation Strategy for awareness building, outreach and institutional engagement Comprehensive Risk Reduction is considered a cross cutting theme in the National Development Strategy Formal presentation of the National Seismic Risk Reduction Plan, at the institutional level, communication/media and Dominican society Promulgate the Decree , which enables the implementation of the Plans
31 Progress of Implementation Strategy to plan for and incorporate risk The technical norms of the SNIP contain areas for incorporating comprehensive risk management. Will develop a Safety Plan for the Reservoirs In Process: Development of a National Policy on Safe Hospitals Conducted a study on seismic micro zonification in Santiago de los Caballeros, which helped modify the design of the POT. Have initiated a Study of the Seismic Micro zonification in the greater Santo Domingo (includes 3 municipalities of San Cristobal).
32 Progress in Implementation. Strategy to plan for and incorporate risk (cont d) Update Norms and Regulations for seismic resistant construction Use a Safe Hospitals Index in priority hospitals. Begin to use Safe Schools Index in selected schools (pilot project in Azua) In the process of developing norms for the design and construction of hospital facilities. Guide for the construction of safe schools. Municipal ordinances for the regulation of construction with respect to the new seismic resistance building code. Improve the Safety Index in hospitals deemed in critical state Evaluate the vulnerabilities of school facilities forretrofitting/reinforcement
33 Progress in Implementation Strategy for financial management National Fund for Prevention, Mitigation and Response in place Build awareness in the key actors responsible for designation of budget resources Mobilization and management of resources from International Cooperation actors to conduct seismic microzonification studies
34 Progress in Implementation Strategy for capacity development Diploma in Seismic Resistant Construction for architects and engineers (UASD). Develop training material for master builders in seismic resistant construction Train more than 300 master builders, at a local level (Puerto Plata and Azua). Master in Seismic Engineering for engineering professionals (in Japan)
35 Progress in Implementation Strategy for implementation and monitoring Implementation of local pilot projects (Puerto Plata and Azua) Improving Safety Index for hospitals in critical state Rapid Visual Assessment of critical infrastructure to identify seismic vulnerabilities. Assess vulnerability of school facilities for retrofitting/re enforcement.
36 Challenges Dissemination of Decree for the devleopment of institutional plans of G (including Seismic Risk Reduction) Involvement and committment at the political level for decision making to enable the implementation of the plan, including ear marking from the national budget Establish the channels for action for the various strategic goals set in the Plan and the public projects that are being implemented in the territory Ensure the involvement of different institutional and social actors in the implementation process Establish routes that will achieve the strategic objectives set forth in the plan.
37 THANK YOU