Present Subjunctive. comer (to eat) Read and study the subjunctive forms of the stem-changing verbs below. Present Subjunctive

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1 Did You Get It? AVANZA Goal: Level 2 p 339 Presentación de gramática Learn how to form the present subjunctive Then use the subjunctive with ojalá que to express hopes Present Subjunctive with Ojalá Regular Verbs In English, you say I hope that to express hopes or wishes Verbs that follow such expressions do not require a special verb form In Spanish, they do, and it is called the subjunctive Read the following examples Nosotros comemos pizza hoy comamos pizza hoy (We are eating pizza today) (I hope that we (will) eat pizza today) EXPLANATION: Ojalá que (I hope that) and the present subjunctive express a wish or a hope You form the present subjunctive by dropping the -o from the yo form of the present indicative and adding the following endings For -ar verbs, add the -e endings For -er and -ir verbs, add the -a endings Use the chart below as a quick reference for regular present subjunctive forms Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company Present Subjunctive yo tú él/ella/usted nosotros(as) vosotros(as) ellos-ellas/ustedes comer (to eat) coma comas coma comamos comáis coman vivir (to live) viva vivas viva vivamos viváis vivan Read and study the subjunctive forms of the stem-changing verbs below Present Subjunctive yo tú él/ella/usted nosotros(as) vosotros(as) ellos-ellas/ustedes pensar e (to think) piense pienses piense pensemos penséis piensen ie poder o ue (to be able, can) pueda puedas pueda podamos podáis puedan EXPLANATION: The present subjunctive of stem-changing verbs is formed the same way as the subjunctive of regular verbs Drop the -o ending from the yo form of the present indicative and add the subjunctive endings For -ar verbs, add the -e endings For -er and -ir verbs, add the -a endings Note that stem-changing -ar and -er verbs have the same stem changes in the present subjunctive as they do in the present indicative Avancemos 2 s2rb_0600_dygiindd 15 tomar (to take) tome tomes tome tomemos toméis tomen 15 10/4/06 3:44:08 PM

2 Did You Get It? Goal: Level 2 pp Práctica de gramática Learn how to form the present subjunctive Then use the subjunctive with ojalá que to express hopes 1 Complete the chart with the yo form of the present indicative and the yo and nosotros forms of the present subjunctive The first one is done for you Infinitive traer tomar pensar recibir conocer cerrar 7 encontrar 8 venir 9 tener 10 Yo form Present Tense Yo form Present Subjunctive Nosotros form Present Subjunctive traigo traiga traigamos poder 2 Write the present subjunctive of the verb in parentheses to complete each sentence nosotros de Roberto los actores yo la gala mi amiga me correo electrónico vosotros yo 7 Ana 8 mis amigos 9 tú ustedes s2rb_0600_dygiindd 16 (recibir) una invitación para la fiesta (llevar) ropa elegante al estreno (poder) comprar un corbatín para llevar a (mandar) una invitación por (poder) ver al director (comer) algo delicioso en la gala (venir) a la fiesta el sábado (aprender) a usar la cámara de video (traer) el guión Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company AVANZA (pensar) en mí mañana Avancemos 2 10/4/06 3:44:19 PM

3 3 Rewrite the sentences using ojalá que and the present subjunctive Follow the model La película empieza a las ocho A ellos les gusta la película Mi madre toma muchas fotos Yo recibo una invitación a la gala Nosotros filmamos la película hoy Las estrellas vienen al estreno La película gana un premio 7 El documental trata sobre Hollywood El camarógrafo trae la cámara 9 El guionista tiene el guión la película empiece a las ocho 4 Complete each sentence in the present subjunctive using an appropriate verb from the Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company box Use each verb only once aprender llegar poder hacer traer llevar llamar recibir escribir gustar el guionista los actores nosotros todos Isa al estreno el camarógrafo 7 al público le 8 9 la gente no 10 yo otro guión sus líneas ir a la gala ropa elegante al director por teléfono para invitarlo la cámara digital la película buen tiempo tarde el correo electrónico de Jorge 5 Use Ojalá que and the present subjunctive to write four sentences expressing four wishes for the weekend Follow the model yo no tenga mucha tarea Avancemos 2 s2rb_0600_dygiindd /4/06 3:44:28 PM

4 Level 2 p 341 Recuerdas? Spelling Changes in the Preterite You have learned that in the preterite tense, verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar have different spellings in the yo form This is so that they keep the original sound of the infinitive form Review these preterite forms buscar yo busqué (c becomes qu) pagar yo pagué (g becomes gu) almorzar yo almorcé (z becomes c) In the present subjunctive, these verbs have the same spelling change as in the yo form of the preterite Review these present subjunctive forms Note, however, that they do not take an accent buscar yo busque, tú busques, él busque pagar yo pague, tú pagues, él pague almorzar yo almuerce, tú almuerces, él almuerce Práctica 1 Rewrite the sentences in the preterite The first one is done for you Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company Yo busqué mis libros A las doce, yo almuerzo con mis amigos Después de clase, yo practico deportes Antes de acostarme, organizo mis cosas Por la mañana, saco los libros Apago mi teléfono celular Empiezo la tarea de español 7 Llego a clase temprano 2 Use ojalá que to rewrite each sentence as a wish The first one is done for you Elena toca bien el piano Pagamos poco por los libros No empiezas tus clases en agosto Almuerzo con mis amigos mañana Organizan todos los documentos Llegamos bien Nos buscan en la entrada del teatro Avancemos 2 s2rb_0600_dygiindd 21 Yo busco mis libros Elena toque bien el piano 21 10/4/06 3:45:17 PM

5 Level 2 p 343 Recuerdas? You have learned many words that you can use to talk about school and school subjects Review the list below Las clases (classes) el arte (art) el inglés (English) el español (Spanish) la historia (history) las matemáticas (mathematics) las ciencias (science) sacar una buena/mala nota (to get a good/bad grade) tomar apuntes (to take notes) hacer la tarea (to do homework) Práctica 1 Complete each sentence with the appropriate class Resuelvo (I solve) problemas con números en la clase de Aprendo sobre las plantas en la clase de Me gusta dibujar en la clase de Escribo poesía en la clase de Aprendo mucho sobre España en la clase de Leo sobre George Washington y Abraham Lincoln en la clase de 2 Use ojalá que and the words and expressions above to write sentences expressing wishes about your classes Follow the model la maestra de español no nos dé mucha tarea 22 s2rb_0600_dygiindd 22 Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company School Subjects Avancemos 2 10/4/06 3:45:31 PM

6 Level 2 p 343 Recuerdas? Sports & Vacation Activities competir (to compete) ganar (to win) la cancha (court) patinar en línea (in-line skating) jugar al (to play ) básquetbol béisbol Review some of the vocabulary you learned to talk about sporting events la competencia (competition) el campeonato (championship) el campo (field) los patines en línea (in-line skates) fútbol americano tenis Review some of the vocabulary you learned to talk about vacation activities acampar (to go camping) comer al aire libre (to picnic, to eat outside) dar una caminata (to hike) hacer surf de vela (to windsurf) hacer surfing (to surf) hacer una parrillada (to barbecue) montar a caballo (to ride horses) nadar en el mar (to swim in the ocean) Práctica Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company 1 Use the words and phrases provided to write sentences expressing wishes Follow the model Ojalá que / nosotros / hacer surfing / este verano nosotros hagamos surfing este verano Ojalá que / mi equipo de béisbol / ganar / el campeonato / en agosto Ojalá que / yo / montar a caballo / en las montañas Ojalá que / mis amigos y yo / dar una caminata / el domingo Ojalá que / tú / patinar en línea / conmigo el sábado Ojalá que / nosotros / hacer surf de vela / en el verano 2 Use ojalá que to say two things you hope happen this summer Avancemos 2 s2rb_0600_dygiindd /4/06 3:45:44 PM

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