An explanation by Sr. Jordan

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1 & An explanation by Sr. Jdan

2 direct object pronouns We usually use Direct Object Pronouns to substitute f it them in a sentence when the it them follows the verb. Because of gender, him and her could also become the same wd f it in Spanish. direct object pronouns: Lo (it; him) La (it; her) Los (it; them [m]) Las (it; them [f]) In the following examples, you ll see how we can shten the sentences. (Yo) Como el queso. (Yo) Lo como. (Tú) Escribes muchas cartas. (Tú) Las escribes. Pablo comió muchos tacos. Pablo los comió. Now typically, we use the Direct Object Pronouns (Lo, La, Los, Las) when we already know the thing we re talking about. Ex: Carla: Necesito una regla. Carlos: P qué la necesitas? Carla: La necesito para dibujar una línea. Madre: Oye hijo, no puedes ir a jugar fútbol si no haces la cama. Hijo: Mamá ya la hice! Madre: Y recogiste tus juguetes? Hijo: Ay mamá los recogí en la mañana. Guillermo: Paco, me gustaría hablar con la estudiante nueva. Paco: No hombre. Es muy bonita. Guillermo: Ya la conociste? Paco: Sí. Ya la invité a salir conmigo este viernes. *Notice in the last example, we used la to refer to her instead of it

3 indirect object pronouns We do use Indirect object pronouns by themselves sometimes we use them when we do an action TO SOMEONE FOR SOMEONE. Indirect object pronouns: me (f me, to me) te (f you, to you) nos (f us, to us) os (f you all, to you all) *only in Spain Ex: le (f him/her/you, to him/her/you) les (f them/you all, to them/you all) *Please note that le is required in Speaking while a mi mamá is not. In spoken Spanish, le and les are always used when an indirect object is in a sentence. However, a mi mamá and a los niños are not necessarily needed because that is what le and les mean Spoken: (Yo) Le escribo cartas. (Nosotros) Les trajimos regalos para la Navidad. Often in writing and poetry, f stylistic reasons, you do not need the le les either. Written: (Yo) Le escribo cartas. (Yo) Escribo cartas a mi mamá. (Nosotros) Les trajimos regalos para la Navidad. (Nosotros) Trajimos regalos a los niños para la Navidad.

4 Here are some other examples of indirect object pronouns being used in action. Eva le dijo al direct que su mamá estaba enferma. (Eva said that her mom was sick to the principal.) (Guillermo bought a cd f me.) (I gave this card to you.) (They asked f water from/f us)* * this could mean that we were the people that they asked that they asked someone else f water so it could be given f us. Please note in all of the above examples that in English we typically do not say to f because we often place the indirect objects directly after the verb. This will often confuse you. But if you can place the person in another part of the sentence and add to f, then you know it s an indirect object Eva le dijo al direct que su mamá estaba enferma. (Eva said that her mom was sick to the principal.) (Eva told the principal that her mom was sick) (Guillermo bought a cd f me.) (Guillermo bought me a cd) (I gave this card to you.) (I gave you this card) (They asked f water from/f us) (They asked us f water)

5 indirect & direct object pronouns Often times if we have an indirect object, we ll also have a direct object. In the sentences from above Eva le dijo al direct que su mamá estaba enferma. we can see that they have both direct and indirect objects. Once we know what we re talking about, remember that we can shten the sentences even me using both pronouns Indirect object pronouns: direct object pronouns: me (f me, to me) te (f you, to you) le (f him/her/you, to him/her/you) nos (f us, to us) os (f you all, to you all) *only in Spain les (f them/you all, to them/you all) Lo (it; him) La (it; her) Los (it; them [m]) Las (it; them [f]) (Yo) Le las escribo (a mi mamá). (Nosotros) Les los trajimos (a los niños) para la Navidad. Eva le dijo al direct que su mamá estaba enferma. Eva le lo dijo (al direct). We can substitute what she told the principal as it = LO Guillermo me lo compró.

6 (yo) Te la di. Ellos nos la pidieron. Just one problem it turns out that f whatever reason in Spanish, when le les are in front of lo, la, los, las, we change le les to se. (Yo) Le las escribo (a mi mamá). (Yo) Se las escribo (a mi mamá). (Nosotros) Les los trajimos (a los niños) para la Navidad. (Nosotros) Se los trajimos (a los niños) para la Navidad. Eva le dijo al direct que su mamá estaba enferma. Eva le lo dijo (al direct). Eva se lo dijo (al direct). Conclusión To remember that rule, we often say: This way, we remember that if we have LE LES befe a direct object, we must change it to SE. You can t: LE LO

7 Ejemplo Uno Hola María. Ya viste la película nueva de Spiderman? No. No la he visto. Quieres acompañarme? Bueno. Entonces, vamos el viernes p la tarde? Está bien. Me compras un boleto? Sí. Te lo compro. Ejemplo Dos Hijo, P qué compraste un vestido en la tienda? Se lo compré a mi mamá para la Navidad. Y qué me compraste? Sea paciente, papá.

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