Negative tú commands (p. 356)

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1 Guided Vocabulary Practice Activities Check, Sheet 7A-1 1 Negative tú commands (p. 356) Negative commands are used to tell someone what not to do. To form negative tú commands, drop the -o of the present-tense yo form and add: -es for -ar verbs. usar uso: No uses el microondas. Don t use the microwave. -as for -er and -ir verbs. encender enciendo: No enciendas el horno. Don t turn on the oven. A. Look at the pictures and read the sentences. Choose the correct words in parentheses to tell people what not to do. Follow the model. Modelo Anita, no ( comer / comas ) todas las ( frutas / pizzas ). 1. No ( pongas / poner ) mucha sal en el (sartén / caldo ). 2. No ( cortes / cortar ) el ajo en ( pedazos / mariscos ) tan pequeños. 3. No ( beber / bebas ) el café si está muy ( frito / caliente ). 4. No ( uses / usar ) tanto ( olla / aceite ). 5. No ( añadir / añadas ) el ( ajo / refrigerador ) ahora. WEB CODE jdd-0704 Guided Practice Activities Guided Practice Vocabulary Activities Check 7A-1 4A 213

2 A Fecha Guided Practice Activities 7A-2 Negative tú commands (continued) With negative tú commands, some verbs such as picar (to chop), pagar (to pay), and empezar (to start) have spelling changes: c changes to qu, g changes to gu, and z changes to c. picar no piques pagar no pagues empezar no empieces Some verbs have irregular negative tú commands: dar no des estar no estés ir no vayas ser no seas B. For each pair of sentences, write the negative tú command of the verb shown in the first sentence. Follow the model. piques Modelo Pica el tomate. No el ajo. 1. Empieza la cena a las ocho. No la cena a las siete. 2. Paga con dinero en efectivo. No con tu tarjeta de crédito. 3. Pica las cebollas. No los mariscos. 4. Almuerza a las dos. No a las once. C. For each of the following sentences, write the appropriate negative tú command of the verb in parentheses. 1. No (dar) dulces a tu hermano antes del almuerzo. 2. No (estar) en la cocina antes de la cena. 3. No (ir) al mercado hoy. 4. No (ser) tan desordenada. D. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate negative tú command of a verb from the word bank. ir pagar almorzar estar 1. No al restaurante. Hoy está cerrado. 2. No solo. Almuerza con nosotros. 3. No la cena. Mamá acaba de pagar. 4. No impaciente. Vamos a cenar pronto. 214 Guided Practice Activities 1A-1 7A-2 WEB CODE jdd-0104 jdd-0704

3 Guided Practice Activities 7A-3 The impersonal se (p. 360) In Spanish, to say that people in general do a certain thing, you use se + the usted/él/ella or ustedes/ellos/ellas form of the verb. This is called the impersonal se. Aquí se sirve el pan tostado con mantequilla. Here they serve the toast with butter. Se come la sopa con tortillas. Soup is eaten with tortillas. A. Look at the pictures and read the sentences that describe what people do in general when they prepare food. Choose the appropriate impersonal se expression from the word bank to complete each sentence. se calienta en el microondas se come mucha fruta se hace con sal y ajo se pica ajo se sirve con ensalada 1. En mi casa el pollo. 2. Para preparar la salsa. 3. El plato principal. 4. En mi casa. 5. La comida. WEB CODE jdd-0101 jdd-0705 Guided Practice Activities 7A-3 1A-1 215

4 Guided Practice Activities 7A-4 The impersonal se (continued ) B. Complete the following rules by circling the appropriate impersonal se expression to tell what is done or not done. Follow the model. Modelo No ( se fríen / se pueden ) los camarones. 1. ( Se pela / Se sirve ) pan con mariscos. 2. ( Se calienta / Se tira ) el pan en el horno. 3. No ( se añade / se come ) sal a la sopa. 4. ( Se apaga / Se deja ) el ajo en la cocina. 5. No ( se encienden / se hierven ) los mariscos. C. Complete the following recipe to prepare arroz con mariscos (rice with seafood). Use the impersonal se form of the verb in parentheses to complete each instruction. The first one is done for you. Arroz con mariscos Se calienta 1. (calentar) el aceite en la sartén. 2. (preparar) los mariscos con sal. 3. (pelar) el ajo y (cortar) en pedazos. 4. (mezclar) los mariscos y el ajo. 5. (hervir) agua en una olla. 6. (añadir) arroz y sal al caldo. 7. (mezclar) los mariscos con el arroz. 216 Guided Practice Activities 1A-1 7A-4 WEB CODE jdd-0104 jcd-0705

5 Guided Practice Activities 7A-5 Lectura: Oda al tomate y Oda a la cebolla (pp ) A. The poems in your textbook reading are about tomatoes and onions. What words would you use to describe a tomato or an onion? Write them below. Tomato:,,, Onion:,,, B. These poems use many descriptive words to tell us about tomatoes and onions. Some of these words are listed below. Circle the letter of the English meaning of each word. 1. redonda a. small b. round 2. clara a. clear b. dark 3. pobres a. rich b. poor 4. constelación a. condition b. constellation 5. planeta a. planet b. plantation C. Look at the poem Oda a la cebolla below. Read it aloud and look back at your answers from part B if you need help with the meaning of certain words. Then, write C (cierto) or F (falso) for each sentence below. ( ) cebolla, clara como un planeta, y destinada a relucir (shine), constelación constante, redonda rosa de agua sobre la mesa de las pobres gentes. 1. Según el poeta, la cebolla es como un planeta. 2. Una cebolla es también como un tomate. 3. Redonda rosa de agua quiere decir que es como una flor clara. 4. El poeta dice que todas las personas tienen la cebolla sobre su mesa. WEB CODE jdd-0706 Guided Practice Activities 7A-5 217

6 Guided Practice Activities 7A-6 Presentación oral (p. 367) Task: Imagine you are a guest on a television cooking show. You will be telling the audience how to prepare your favorite main dish. A. Write the name of your favorite dish below. Then place an X next to the ingredients in the chart that you need to prepare that dish. Mi plato favorito es. Ingredientes huevos caldo carne tomate agua pollo lechuga ajo leche sal cebolla pimienta camarones queso aceite mariscos B. Use the ingredients you chose in part A. Think about the steps you would follow to prepare your dish. You can use the words from the list or others you have learned in this chapter. se mezcla se corta se sirve se pone se añade Now complete a recipe card. Include the name of the dish, the ingredients you need, and the steps to prepare this dish. del plato: Ingredientes: Preparación: 1. Primero, 2. Luego, 3. Después, 4. Al final, C. Use your recipe card to practice your presentation. Remember to include the ingredients, describe the steps to prepare the dish, and to speak clearly. 218 Guided Practice Activities 7A-6

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